Chapter 13

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Anonymous
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123820
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Chapter 13
Updated:
2011-12-15 02:22:52
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POLS V1
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FINAL
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  1. departments
    • biggest unit of executive branch
    • heads (secretaries) form pres's cabinet
  2. administrative discretion
    latitude that Congress gives agencies to make policy in spirit to make legislative mandate
  3. competition & outsourcing
    procedures that allow private contractors to bid for jobs previously held exclusively by gov. employees
  4. deregulation
    gov. reduces its role as a business regulator
  5. government corporation
    performs services that might be provided by private sectors but are better provided when linked w/ gov
  6. Government Performance & Results Act
    requiring gov. agency to implement standards to measure its performance in meeting stated program goals
  7. implementation
    process of putting specific policies into operation
  8. incrementalism
    policymaking characterized by a series of decisions, each instituting modest change
  9. norms
    organization's informal, unwritten rules that guide individual behavior
  10. regulatory commission
    • controls some aspect of economy
    • part of executive branch
  11. total quality management (TQM)
    philosophy emphasizing listening closely to customers, breaking down barriers between parts of an organization, & continually improving quality
  12. What agency was created after 9/11 to oversee security at airports?

    A) Secure Transportation Agency (STA)
    B) Department of Traveling Safety (DOTS)
    C) Transportation Security Administration (TSA)
    D) Homeland Security Department (HSD)
    E) National Transit Authority (NTA)
    C) Transportation Security Administration (TSA)
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. The Pendleton Act was created to reduce what?
    patronage
  14. International cooperation is necessary to fight global warming because greenhouse gas emissions know no borders. However the following country has been resistant to the establishment of any mechanism for monitoring emissions levels, much less creating an international body with enforcement powers:

    A) France
    B) China
    C) Denmark
    D) Great Britain
    E) Sweden
    B) China
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. President Reagan and President Obama represent two polar philosophies concerning government. To Reagan, small government enhanced personal freedom; to Obama, a larger government is a means of promoting:

    A) freedom.
    B) equality.
    C) order.
    D) all of these
    E) capitalism.
    B) equality.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. In implementing the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA), school administrators frequently offer families fewer services than the law calls for because:

    A) School administrators don’t have enough money to provide services to all qualifying students.
    B) School administrators don’t want to do the maximum for disabled children.
    C) none of these
    D) A and B
    E) School administrators want to increase their salaries.
    A) School administrators don’t have enough money to provide services to all qualifying students.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. The following president worked to expand social welfare through a prescription drug benefit for senior citizens, and he understood that it was not always good politics to try to downsize government:

    A) Barack Obama
    B) George W. Bush
    C) Ronald Reagan
    D) Jimmy Carter
    E) none of the above
    B) George W. Bush
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Tommy McCoy, a bat-boy for a baseball team, came under some scrutiny because

    A) of a violation of child labor laws.
    B) his team did not wear protective head gear.
    C) of a violation of libel laws.
    D) he was an illegal immigrant.
    E) he did not pay taxes.
    A) of a violation of child labor laws.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. A common complaint against Washington bureaucracies is that their highly centralized organization model offers a one-size-fits-all solution to problems. In some instances, it would be better for these bureaucracies to do the following:

    A) Increase the size of their staffs.
    B) Give local managers the flexibility to tailor their own solutions for their community or state.
    C) Get more input from Congress.
    D) none of these.
    E) Spend more money on policy programs.
    B) Give local managers the flexibility to tailor their own solutions for their community or state.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. Airlines claimed the new Department of Transportation rules limiting passenger tarmac waits on a plan would do the following::

    -It would create longer delays.
    -Ground crews would be searching for luggage of passengers who deplaned.
    - A and B
    -The airlines would need to hire more personnel.
    - all of these.
    - A and B
  21. The bureaucracy may not be fully responsive to a president's wishes because

    A) pluralist pressures may pull the agency in a direction other than that favored by the president.
    B) the president may make unreasonable demands on the agency.
    C) the agency head may dislike the president.
    D) the role of government is to protect the people from the power used by elected officials.
    E) Congress funds most agencies.
    A) pluralist pressures may pull the agency in a direction other than that favored by the president.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. One appealing strength of government sector work is the following:

    A) Employees can never be fired.
    B) Union membership is not required.
    C) Pay and benefits compare favorably to the private sector, especially for lower skill jobs.
    D) Patronage will increase one’s salary and benefits.
    E) none of these
    C) Pay and benefits compare favorably to the private sector, especially for lower skill jobs.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. Most political appointees come from

    A) careers that allowed them to be involved with the new president in other endeavors.
    B) political party workers.
    C) the pool of government interns.
    D) the president's campaign staff.
    E) businesses, universities, and government itself.
    E) businesses, universities, and government itself.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. The civil service was created after President Garfield was assassinated by a(n)

    A) Confederate loyalist.
    B) disappointed job seeker.
    C) rogue CIA operative.
    D) protester.
    E) anarchist.
    B) disappointed job seeker.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. More
    than 1 million civilians are employed in the departments of Defense,
    Homeland Security, and Veterans Affairs due to the following:

    A) Intense lobbying by federal government worker unions.
    B) none of these
    C) The emphasis on national security and war in recent American history.
    D) The loss of jobs in the private sector.
    E) Fear of a military draft.
    C) The emphasis on national security and war in recent American history.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. Which office, run by Undersecretary Douglas
    Feith, released much of the incorrect intelligence used to justify the war in Iraq?

    A. Department of Justice’s Terrorism Department.
    B. Central Intelligence Agency’s Counterintelligence Unit
    C. Department of Defense’s Office of Intelligence and Terrorism
    D. Department of Defense’s Office of Special Plans
    E. Department of Justice’s National Security Unit
    D. Department of Defense’s Office of Special Plans
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. How does the U.S. government compare to other
    Western democracies?

    A. offers a more extensive array of services
    B. imposes a higher tax burden on its citizens
    C. employs a higher proportion of the nation’s workers
    D. is relatively larger
    E. is relatively smaller
    E. is relatively smaller
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. What new department did President Bush create
    after the 9/11 attacks?

    A. Department of Commerce
    B. Department of Homeland Security
    C. Department of Terrorism
    D. Department of Civil Service
    E. Department of Justice
    B. Department of Homeland Security
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. Why did we create the regulatory commissions?

    A. to give more power to interest groups
    B. to police unfair business practices or protect consumers
    C. political pressure
    D. need of Congress to control consumers and businesses
    E. to protect new market monopolies
    B. to police unfair business practices or protect consumers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. How does our government usually reduce
    government?

    A. It cuts specific programs.
    B. It combines agencies into one department.
    C. It cuts funding.
    D. It splits departments into specific agencies.
    E. It cuts personnel.
    E. It cuts personnel.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. Approximately how many civilian employees work
    for our national bureaucracy?

    A. 1.4 million
    B. 2.2 million
    C. 2.7 million
    D. 1.9 million
    E. 3.5 million
    C. 2.7 million
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. Why don’t administrative decisions follow the
    rational-comprehensive model?

    A. Administrative decisions are rarely incremental.
    B. Administrative decisions are never guided by evaluations of efficiency.
    C. Policymakers have precise goals and values.
    D. Policymakers typically consider only a limited range of feasible solutions.
    E. Congress controls most administrative decisions.
    D. Policymakers typically consider only a limited range of feasible solutions.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. Why do policies sometimes fail at the
    implementation stage?

    A. Government functions are too simplistic and easy to understand.
    B. Coordination among implementing agencies is too complex and difficult.
    C. Policymakers have clear expectations about an agency’s capabilities.
    D. Policy directives are too precise.
    e. All of the above.
    B. Coordination among implementing agencies is too complex and difficult.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. When policies change slowly, bit by bit, step by
    step, over time, policymaking is said to be characterized by what?

    A. planning-programming budgeting system
    B. total quality management
    C. management by objective
    D. merit criteria
    E. incrementalism
    E. incrementalism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. What have recent efforts to reform the
    bureaucracy tended to emphasize?

    A. more reliance on the mechanisms of free markets
    B. centralization of power in Washington,
    C. regulation
    D. less reliance on the mechanisms of free markets
    D.C.
    e. elimination of clear performance standards
    A. more reliance on the mechanisms of free markets
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. Where do departments, agencies, and corporations
    receive their official mandates from?

    A. the president
    B. Constitution
    C. Congress
    D. electorate
    E. citizen groups
    C. Congress
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. In the last six years, by about what percentage
    has contracting out government programs and services to nonprofits and for-profit organizations grown?

    A. 100 percent
    B. 200 percent
    C. 150 percent
    D. 50 percent
    E. 75 percent
    A. 100 percent
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. According to the text, which of the following
    id not spur the growth of bureaucracy?

    A. rise of the belief in progress
    B. belief that government should play a role in social welfare programs
    C. increase in the simplicity and ease of society
    D. scientific and technological change
    E. desire to regulate business
    C. increase in the simplicity and ease of society
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. The tendency for big government to endure
    reflects the tension between what two philosophies?

    A. freedom and equality
    B. majoritarianism and pluralism
    C. laissez faire and socialism
    D. capitalism and communism
    E. law and order
    B. majoritarianism and pluralism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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