FREN 152

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FREN 152
2011-12-15 03:55:10
french study guide

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  1. UMP
    Union for a Popular Movement: France's center-right political party. Founded in 2002 by President Jacques Chirac. Current president Sarkozy is of this affiliation.
  2. PS (Socialist Party)
    Social democratic party that is center-left. Replaced SFIO. Currently led by Martine Aubry. Mitterand was the first PS elected to office.
  3. SNCF
    France's railway network. Formed in 1938.
  4. DOM/TOM
    French overseas departments and territoreis. Consists of the French territories outside of the European continent.
  5. Department
    French administrative regions. 101 departments compose three levels of government. Paris is a major department. Administered by General Councils.
  6. TGV
    high speed railway. Developed in the 70s. People use it daily for commutes, very convenient.
  7. FFF
    French Football Federation. Governs French football. Formed in 1919, and its capital is in Paris. Founding member of FIFA. Their symbol is the rooster, France's national symbol.
  8. La Marseillaise
    National anthem of France. Written and composed by Lisle in 1792. Name comes from the first singers of Marseille.
  9. The SMIC
    Minimum wage in France. Recently raised to 9 francs an hour
  10. the Banlieue
  11. Luc Montagnier
    French virologist who discovered AIDS virus
  12. Baron Haussmann
    Seine prefect who led the renovation and modernization of Paris during the mid 1800s
  13. Edith Piaf
    Famous French singer and icon who became one of France's most renowned singer. Changed name to piaf or "little sparrow"
  14. Toulouse Letrec
    one of the greatest post impressionist artists of France in late 1800s
  15. Ariane
    rockets and satellite technology *launch pad in French Guiana
  16. Jean Moulin
    French resistance fighter during WWII. Died at the hands of the Germans.
  17. Third Republic
    the republican government of France from 1870, when the Second French Empire collapsed due to the French defeat in the Franco-Prussian War, to 1940, when France was overrun by Nazi Germany during World War II
  18. La Samaritaine
    large department store in Paris
  19. co-habitation
    the President is of a different political party than the majority members of parliament. Only three instances of this in history. The first timet his happened was the Mitterand-Chirac period.
  20. Thirty Glorious Years
    refers to the thirty years from 1945-1975 following the end of the Second World War in France. The name was first used by the French demographer Jean Fourastié . It was a period of rapid economic and population growth
  21. Franco-Prussian War
    War of 1870. Was a conflict between the Second French Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia. Prussia was aided by the North German Confederation, of which it was a member, and the South German states. The complete Prussian and German victory brought about the final unification of Germany under King Wilhelm I of Prussia. It also marked the downfall of Napoleon III and the end of the Second French Empire, which was replaced by the French Third
  22. Belle Epoque
    "Beautiful era" a period characterised by optimism and new technological and medical discoveries. The Belle Époque was named in retrospect, when it began to be considered a "golden age" when compared to the horrors of World War I.
  23. Sacre Coeur
    French for "Sacred Heart"; Roman Catholic church dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus
  24. Baccalaureat
    academic qualification of France required for entry into university. Taken at the end of the lycee (secondary education)
  25. "X" and ENA
    the most presitigious grand ecoles, and post graduate colleges. whose initial missions are to train respectively military engineers, university professors and high ranking state officials
  26. Verdun
    was one of the major battles during the First World War on the Western Front. It was fought between the German and French armies, from 21 February – 18 December 1916, on hilly terrain north of the city of Verdun-sur-Meuse in north-eastern France. It ended as a French tactical victory.
  27. Phrygian bonnet
    In revolutionary France, the cap or bonnet rouge was first seen publicly in May 1790, at a festival in Troyes adorning a statue representing the nation, and at Lyon, on a lance carried by the goddess Libertas. To this day the national emblem of France, Marianne, is shown wearing a Phrygian cap
  28. SOS Racisme
    est 1984. French anti-racist non governmental agency. Developed by a corps of urban 'Beurs" and "Blakes". Has major support formt he PS party under Mitterrand today.
  29. Chantal Juanno
    French politician Minister of Ecology. Former world women's karate champion.