Sociology FINAL

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AshantaeG
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123856
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Sociology FINAL
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2011-12-15 09:20:02
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sociology101
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Sociology 101 Final - Study Guide
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  1. Conflict Perspective
    Based on assumptions that groups are engaged in a constant power strruggle for scarce resources.
  2. Functionalist Perspective
    Assumption that society is a stable, orderly system
  3. Symbolic Interactionalist Perspective
    Society is the sum of interactions of individuals and groups.
  4. Sociology is ____________ .
    Study of human interaction.
  5. Name and early founder of Society.
    Karl Max.
  6. What are the three P's that determine class?
    • Property - assets
    • Prestige - a position that respected
    • Power - ability to achieve goals
  7. Causes of population changes are?
    • Migration
    • Death
    • Birth
  8. Define Society.
    A large social grouping that shares the same geographical location and is subject to the same political authority and cultural expectations.
  9. Culture.
    Way of life passed through generations.
  10. What are norms?
    Established rules of behavior.
  11. Heredity.
    Genetics passed from parents to offspring.
  12. Define sex.
    Biological and anatomical differences between males and females.
  13. Define gender.
    Culturally and socially constructed differences between males and females. (Feminism and masculinity)
  14. Transvestite.
    A male who lives as a woman, but doesn't alter their genatalia.
  15. Transsexual.
    A person who believes that they were born with the body of the wrong sex.
  16. Racism.
    Set of attitudes used to justify superior treatment of a racial group.
  17. Prejudice.
    Negative attitudes based on faulty generalizations of selected racial groups.
  18. Discrimination.
    Prejudices of dominant group members or their representatives that have a harmful effect on member of a subordinate group.
  19. What is health care?
    Activity intended to improive health.
  20. Define illness.
    Intereference with health.
  21. Race.
    A category of people, singled out as inferior or superior based on physical characteristics.
  22. Ethnic Group.
    A collection of people distinguished based on cultural or nationality characteristics.
  23. Feminization of Poverty.
    Trend in which women are disproportionately represented among individuals living in poverty.
  24. Define:

    Income.
    Income Gap.
    Causes for income gaps.
    • Economic gain from wages, salaries, income transfers (welfare,) ownership of property.
    • Inequality among individuals & groups in a society.
    • Global Stratification. (System of inequalities between countries.)
  25. What is marriage?
    A legally recognized arrangement between 2 or more people that carries certain rights and obligations.
  26. Matriarchal.
    Family structure ran by eldest woman.
  27. Patriarchal.
    Family structure ran by eldest man.
  28. Polygamy.
    Marriage of a person of one sex with 2 or more members of the opposite sex.
  29. Monogamus.
    Marriage between 2 partners.
  30. Family.
    People living together with commitment.
  31. Cohabitation.
    People living together without being married.
  32. Divorce.
    Legally dissolving a marriage.
  33. Education.
    Social institution that transmits knowledge, skills, and cultural values within a formally organized structure.
  34. Tracking.
    Assignment of students to specific curriculum groups and courses on the basis of their test scores, previous grades, or both.
  35. Socialization.
    Social interaction acquiring one's self identity.
  36. Religion.
    System of beliefs based ona supernatural realm.
  37. Define church.
    Religious organization that leads to seek accomodation w/ the larger society in order to maintain some degree of control over it.
  38. What is a cult?
    Religious group with practices and teachings outside the dominant culture and religious traditions of a society.
  39. What is a sect?
    Small religious group that has broken away from another religioys organization to renew what it views as the original version of the faith.
  40. What is assimilation?
    Process where members of a subordinate racial and ethnic group become absorbed into the dominant culture.

    (Ex: Learning to speak English.)
  41. What are drugs?
    Substances that alter the bodies functioning.
  42. Deviance.
    Anything that violates the norm.
  43. Crime.
    Violating the law.

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