inf heart dis 123

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vickie_edwards
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12387
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inf heart dis 123
Updated:
2010-03-29 15:35:48
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cardiac baker scalf
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exam 4
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  1. What problem has symptoms of a diastolic murmur, widened pulse pressure and a bounding pulse?
    Aortic Regurgitation
  2. What is another name for narrowing?
    Stenosis
  3. How is Mitral Stenosis like A-fib?
    They both can cause blood clots because the blood is pooling.
  4. What valve disease can become worse with exercise?
    Mitral Stenosis
  5. What valve disease is characterized by a weak, irregular pulse and A-fib?
    Mitral Stenosis
  6. What type of valve replacement does not get infected easily, does not deteriorate but will require life-long Coumadin therapy?
    Mechanical Valve
  7. What is a homograft valve?
    A human valve
  8. Infectious Heart Diseases are named for what?
    The layer of the heart that is affected
  9. If a patient has a heart disease, what must be done before any surgery?
    Antibiotic Treatment
  10. What is the most common cause of Mitral Valve Prolapse?
    Mitral Valve Regurgitation.
  11. What causes Rheumatic fever?
    The bacteria that causes strep throat.
  12. Blood flowing back from the Left ventricle to the left atrium with left atrial hypertrophy.
    Mitral Valve Prolapse
  13. What causes a Mitral Murmur?
    Mitral Valve Regurgitation
  14. Heart disease common in kids who get strep throat.
    Mitral Valve Regurgitation
  15. What valve disease causes swollen feet. lung congestion and heart palpitations?
    Mitral Valve Regurgitation
  16. What is failure of the aortic valve to close tightly causing backflow of blood into the left ventricle?
    Aortic Regurgitation
  17. Can you explain the treatment for Dilated CMP?
    It's palliative, not curable. May require a transplant. Increase contractibility and decrease afterload (as in HF).
  18. Where does extra fluid accumulate with Dilated CMP?
    Pleural cavity.
  19. What is the most common cause of sudden death in young, healthy people?
    Hypertrophic CMP
  20. In Hypertrophic CMP the heart muscle (gets thinner/gets thicker/stays the same).The ventricle cannot (contract/relax).
    Muscle gets thicker. Ventricle cannot relax
  21. In IHSS an ECHO will show what?
    (L) ventricle hypertrophy
  22. What is it when a valve of the heart is leaky?
    Regurgitation
  23. What is it called when the valve of the heart doesn't want to open?
    Stenosis
  24. Blood can flow back from the left ventricle to left atrium. A click can be heard.
    MVP-Mitral Valve Prolapse
  25. What is defined by a group of heart muscle diseases that affect the structural or functional ability of the myocardial cells?
    Cardiomyopathy
  26. What form of cardiomyopathy has an unknown etiology& involves only the heart muscle?
    Primary
  27. What form of cardiomyopathy is caused from another disease?
    Secondary
  28. What is amyloidosis?
    When protein gets into organs and tissue
  29. Name 4 diseases that cause secondary cardiomyopathy.
    Cardiotoxic Agents, HTN (if uncontrolled for a long time), Amyloidosis, Myocarditis
  30. All types of cardiomyopathy can lead to what?
    Heart Failure
  31. What does Dilated CMP resemble?
    Heart Failure
  32. In Dilated CMP the muscle wall of the heart (thickens/does not thicken) while the ventricle chamber itself (increases, decreases, stays the same size).
    Heart muscle walls do not thicken. Ventricle increases in size.
  33. What infectious heart disease may be caused by viral, bacterial, or fungal infections or an allergic reaction?
    Myocarditis
  34. What is inflammation of the pericardium called?
    Pericarditis
  35. What infectious heart disease may be causes by a complicated viral infest or less frequently by influenza and HIV?
    Pericarditis
  36. What is the medical management for pericarditis?
    Antibiotics for bacteria or Antifungal for fungus and Corticosteriods for inflammation Diuretics for excess fluid in the pericardial sac Analgesics for pain
  37. Which infectious heart disease can be the most painful? Why?
    Pericarditis. Pressure from the fluid compresses the heart.
  38. What is compression of the heart that occurs when blood or fluid builds up?
    Cardiac Tamponade
  39. What is the treatment for cardiac tamponade?
    Pericardiocentesis to drain the fluid around the heart.
  40. What condition has classic signs of chest pain radiating to the neck, shoulders, back or belly. Usually sharp or stabbing. Gets worse with deep breaths or coughing?
    Cardiac Tamponade.
  41. Infectious heart disease that often begins after surgery?
    Endocarditis
  42. What infectious heart disease can be caused by Janeway Lesions or Osler's Nodes?
    Endocarditis
  43. What are red spots on palm of hands or soles of feet that are not painful but can allow bacteria to enter the body and causes endocarditis?
    Janeway Lesions
  44. What are painful red areas on the soles of the feet and palms of hands that can lead to endocarditis?
    Osler's Nodes
  45. Who are high risk patients for endocarditis?
    IV drug users, Prior valve surgery patients, dental surgeries, and patients with weak valves
  46. What is the medical management for endocarditis?
    Antibiotic therapy. Usually 6 weeks.
  47. If a new murmur is detected is may be a signs of what disease?
    Endocarditis
  48. What is inflammation of the heart muscle?
    Myocarditis
  49. What valve disease is characterized by a loud systolic murmur?
    Aortic Stenosis
  50. What is it called when a valve of the heart doesn't close properly, causing backflow?
    Prolapse
  51. What does Dilated CMP often follow?
    Infectious Myocarditis

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