musculoskeletal

Card Set Information

Author:
mfernandez9222
ID:
123889
Filename:
musculoskeletal
Updated:
2011-12-15 14:23:56
Tags:
health
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Description:
musculoskeletal
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  1. Arm / Leg Fractures

    trauma causes muscle / nerve damage
    immobilization

    monitor decrease vitals for shock

    closed reduction / open reduction
  2. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

    compressed median nerve
    numbness, pain, burning

    splints
  3. Compartment Syndrome

    muscule pressure impairs circulation
    distal pulse lost, edema muscle

    fasciotomy

    elevating limbs reduces circulation and increases pain
  4. Gout

    uriate deposits in joints
    uric acid levels above normal

    bedrest
  5. Herinated Nucleus Pulposus

    disk ruptures pulpous flows in spinal canal
    ambulation pain, foot / leg numbness upper body

    bedrest, laminectomy

    assess neurovascular
  6. Hip Fracture
    bone breaks, muscle spasms, hemmorrhage, ecchymosis

    edema, discoloration

    immobilization

    maintain traction
  7. Osteoarthritis

    cartilage degenerates in weight bearing joints
    crepitation

    NSAIDS meds
  8. Osteomyelitis

    blood borne disease pus producing bone infection
    pain, tenderness, swelling

    antibiotic, iv
  9. Osteoporosis

    brittle bones loss calcium phosphate salts
    deformity, kyphosis

    hormonal agents, vitamin D, calcium, protein
  10. NSAID meds

    reduce platelet adhesiveness impairs coagulation
    Isometric Excercise

    pressure against stable object
  11. ALWAYS assess after procedure

    Circulatory / Neurologic
    Check Hypovolemia

    from suspected hemorrhage

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