7.7-7.9

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Author:
DesLee26
ID:
123994
Filename:
7.7-7.9
Updated:
2011-12-17 08:46:48
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Anatomy Physiology
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Seniors
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  1. The __, from skull to pelvis, forms the __ of the skeleton.
    It is composed of __ separated by __.
    • vertebral column
    • vertical axis
    • vertebrae
    • intervertebral disks
  2. C. A Typical Vertebra
    1) A typical vertebra has a __ that supports the __ of the __ and __.
    2) Extending from the body are __, __, __ and __ that surrounds the __.
    • 1) drum-shaped body/ weight/ head/ trunk
    • 2) pedicels/ laminae/ a spinous process/ vertebral arch/ vertebral foramen
  3. C. A Typical Vertebra
    3) __ surfaces include the __ and __; __ provide points of __ for __.
    articulating surfaces/ superior articulating processes/ inferior articulating processes/ transverse processes/ attachment/ muscles
  4. C. A Typical Vertebra
    4) __ provide passageways for __.
    • intervertebral foramina
    • spinal nerves
  5. D. Cervical Vertebra
    1) These __ bones are the __ of the vertebrae that comprise the __ and support the __.
    2) The first vertebra is the __, which appears as a __ that supports the __.
    3) The second vertebra is the _, with its __ that __ within the __.
    4) Features that separate cervical vertebra from the rest are the __ and __.
    • 1) seven/ smallest/ neck/ head
    • 2) atlas/ bony ring/ head
    • 3) axis/ toothlike dens/ pivots/ atlas
    • 4) bifid spinous processes/ transverse foramina
  6. E. Thoracic Vertebra
    1) __ thoracic vertebra articulate with the __.
    2) These bones are __ and __ than cervical vertebra.
    • 1) twelve/ ribs
    • 2) larger/ stronger
  7. Lumbar Vertebrae
    1) The __ massive lumbar vertebrae support hte __ of the body.
    • five
    • weight
  8. G. Sacrum
    1) The sacrum is a __ structure at the base of the vertebral column made up of __ vertebrae fused into one bone.
    • triangular
    • five
  9. H. Coccyx
    1) The coccyx is the __ portion of the vertebral column and is composed of __ fused vertebra.
    • lowermost
    • four
  10. Thoracic Cage
    A) The thoracic cage includes what?
    B) What does it do?
    • A) includes the ribs, thoracic vertebrae, sternum, and costal cartilages
    • B) supports the pectoral girlde and upper limbs, functions in breathing, and protects thoracic and upper abdominal organs
  11. Ribs
    1) Normally, there are _ pairs of ribs that attach to the __.
    2) The first __ pairs of ribs are __ ribs that join the __ directly by their __.
    3) The remaining __ pairs are __ ribs; the first __ pairs are __ ribs, and the last __ pairs are __.
    4) Features of a typical rib include the _, __, __ , __, __ and __.
    a) The __ articulates with the vertebrae; the __ articulates with the __ of the __.
    • 1) 12/ thoracic vertebrae
    • 2) 7; true (vertebrosternal) sternum/ costal cartilage
    • 3) five; false; three; vertebrochondral/ 2/ floating
    • 4) shaft/ costal groove/ anterior (sternal) end/ head/ neck/ tubercle
    • a) head/ tubercle/ transverse process/ thoracic vertebrae
  12. Sternum
    1) The sternum (__) is located along hte__ of the thoracic cage.
    2) It consists of an __, __ and __.
    • breastbone/ anterior midline
    • upper manubrium/ middle body/ lower xiphoid process
  13. The __ maeks an incomplete ring that supports the __.
    It is made up of what?
    • pectoral girdle/ upper limbs
    • two scapulae/ two clavicles
  14. Clavicles
    1) They are __ located at the base of the neck that function to __.
    elongated S-shaped bones/ brace the scapulae
  15. Scapulae
    1) They are __ bones on either side of the __.
    2) A __ divides the scapula into __.
    3) The __ leads to the __ (__) and __ (__).
    4) The__ articulates with the __ of the humerus.
    • 1) flat, triangular/ upper back
    • 2) spine/ unequal portions
    • 3) spine/ acromion process (articulates with clavicle)/coracoid process (provides attachments for limb and chest muscles)
    • 4) glenoid cavity/ head

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