DOQ Questions 1-50

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kbtran
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123999
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DOQ Questions 1-50
Updated:
2011-12-15 23:28:30
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AP Psychology
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AP Psychology Unit One Part 1
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  1. What word means the scientific study of behavior and mental processes?
    Psychology
  2. What are the four goals of psychology?
    • Describe
    • Explain
    • Predict
    • Influence
  3. What word means an assumption or prediction about behavior that is tested through scientific research?
    Hypothesis
  4. What word means a set of assumptions used to explain phenomena and offered for scientific study?
    Theory
  5. What term means the pursuit of knowledge about natural phenomena for its own sake?
    Basic Science
  6. What term means discovering ways to use scientific findings to accomplish practical goals?
    Applied Science
  7. What term means a general approach to gathering information and answering questions so that errors and biases are minimized?
    The Scientific Method
  8. Who set up the first psychology laboratory?
    Wilhelm Wundt
  9. What year did Wilhelm Wundt set up the first psychology laboratory?
    1879
  10. Where did Wilhelm Wundt set up the first psychology laboratory?
    Leipzig, Germany
  11. What research procedure did Wilhelm Wundt follow?
    Introspection
  12. Who said that criminal behavior is a direct result of the shape of a person's head?
    Marmaduke B. Sampson
  13. What is the practice of examining bumps on a person;s skkull to determine that person's intellect and character traits?
    Phrenology
  14. What is the name of the French philosopher who said that the mind and body influence each other?
    Rene Descartes
  15. What approach to psychology did Wilhelm Wundt advocate?
    Structuralism
  16. The first ever psychology class was taught at Harvard in 1875 by whom?
    William James
  17. Who wrote the first psychology textbook?
    William James
  18. Which approach to psychology did William James advocate?
    Functionalism
  19. What is the name of the 19th century English scientist who was the cousin of Charles Darwin and who believed in eugenics?
    Sir Francis Galton
  20. What is the German word for "whole pattern"?
    Gestalt
  21. Who are the three founders of Gestalt Psychology?
    • Max Wertheimer
    • Wolfgang Kohler
    • Kurt Koffka
  22. Please name the 6 Contemporary Approaches to Psychology.
    • Behviorism
    • Biological
    • Cognitive
    • Humanism
    • Psychoanalytical
    • Social
  23. Who established the Psychoanalytical Approach?
    Sigmund Freud
  24. Who are the three great Behavioral Psychologist?
    • Ivan Pavlov
    • John B. Watson
    • BF Skinner
  25. Who are the three great Humanistic Psychologist?
    • Abraham Maslow
    • Carl Rogers
    • Rollo May
  26. Who are the three great Cognitive Psychologist?
    • Jean Piaget
    • Noam Chomsky
    • Leon Festinger
  27. What five machines are used to study the brain?
    • EEG
    • CT scan
    • PET scan
    • MRI/ fMRI
    • MEG/MSI
  28. Who was the first female president of the American Psychological Association?
    Mary Whiton Calkins
  29. What does APA stand for?
    American Psychological Association
  30. Who wrote the book The Principles of Psychology?
    William James
  31. Who wrote the book Inquiries Into Human Faculty and Its Development?
    Sir Francis Galton
  32. Who wrote the book Walden II
    BF Skinner
  33. Which approach to psychology believes behavior is determined by unconscious idea?
    Psychoanalytic
  34. Which approach to psychology believes behavior is determined by rewards and punishments?
    Behaviorism
  35. Which approach to psychology believes behavior is determined by self-directed choices?
    Humanism
  36. Which approach to psychology believes behavior is determined by how people remember and think?
    Cognitive
  37. Which approach to psychology believes behavior is determined by the nervous system?
    Biological
  38. Which approach to psychology believes behavior is determined by ethnicity, gender, and economic status?
    Social
  39. Name the two ancient Greek philosophers who developed the Four Human Theory.
    Hippocrates and Galen
  40. Which branch of medicine deals with mental, emotional, or behavioral disorder?
    Psychiatry
  41. Which kind of psychologist diagnoses and treats people with emotional disturbances?
    Clinical Psychologist
  42. Which kind of psychologist studies how people change as they mature?
    Developmental Psychologist
  43. What does RET stand for?
    Rational Emotive Therapy
  44. What does CBT stand for?
    Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  45. What is the opposite of Free Will?
    Determinism
  46. What word means the process
    of drilling a hole in a skull?
    Trephination
  47. Who believed in Dualism?
    Rene Descartes
  48. Who believed in Empiricism?
    John Locke
  49. What does tabula rasa mean?
    Blank Slate
  50. Who said, "Cogito ergo sum"?
    Rene Descartes

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