DOQ Questions 51-100

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kbtran
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124017
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DOQ Questions 51-100
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2011-12-15 23:09:28
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Psychology
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DOQ Questions Unit 1 part 2
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  1. What word refers to the small group of people out of a total population being studied?
    SAMPLE
  2. One way to avoid a non-representative sample is to give each individual an equal chance of being represented. What is this called?
    RANDOM SAMPLING
  3. 53.What term refers to subgroups in the population being proportionately represented in the sample?
    STRATIFIED SAMPLING
  4. 54.Research method in which the psychologist observes a subject in a natural setting without interfering.
    NATURALISTIC OBSERVATION
  5. 55.Research method that involves an intensive investigation of one or more participants.
    CASE STUDY
  6. 56.Research method in which data is collected about a sample over a number of years.
    LONGITUDINAL STUDY
  7. 57.Research method in which data is collected from people of different ages and compared so that conclusions canbe drawn about differences due to age.
    CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY
  8. 58.Research method in which information is obtained by asking many individuals a fixed set of questions.
    SURVEY
  9. 59.The measure of a relationship between two variables.
    CORRELATION
  10. 60.Any factor that is capable of change.
    VARIABLE
  11. 61.What kind of correlation exists when both variables move in the same direction?
    POSITIVE CORRELATION
  12. 62.What kind of correlation exists when both variables move in opposite directions?
    NEGATIVE CORRELATION
  13. 63.What is the only kind of research method which establishes a cause and effect relationship between twovariables?
    EXPERIMENT
  14. 64.In an experiment, which group receives the independent variable?
    EXPERIEMENTAL GROUP
  15. 65.In an experiment, which group does not receive the independent variable?
    CONTROL GROUP
  16. 66.What is an experiment called in which the participants are unaware of which participants received thetreatment?
    SINGLE-BLIND EXPERIEMENT
  17. 67.What is an experiment called in which both the participants and the experimenter are unaware of which participants received the treatment?
    DOUBLE-BLIND EXPERIEMENT
  18. 68.What are the two kinds of statistics?
    DESCRIPTIVE AND INFERENTIAL
  19. 69.What are the three measures of central tendency?
    MEAN, MEDIAN AND MODE
  20. 70.What are two other terms for a normal curve?
    • BELL SHAPED CURVE
    • AND SYMMETRICAL CURVE
  21. 71.What percentage of the population falls within 1 standard deviation of the mean?
    68%
  22. 72.What percentage of the population falls within 2 standard deviation of the mean?
    95%
  23. 73.What percentage of the population falls within 3 standard deviation of the mean?
    99%
  24. 74.How do you calculate standard deviation?
    SQUARE ROOT OF THE VARIANCE
  25. 75.How do you calculate variance?
    SQUARE OF SD
  26. 76.What is the symbol for the Pearson correlation coefficient?
    r
  27. 77.What numbers represent a perfect correlation?
    +1 AND -1
  28. 78.What number represents no correlation?
    0
  29. 79.If the probability that results are due to chance is less than 5%, then the results are considered what?
    STATISTICALLY SIGNIFICANT
  30. 80.Who conducted the conformity experiment?
    SOLOMON ASCH
  31. 81.Who conducted the obedience to authority experiment?
    STANLEY MILGRAM
  32. 82.Who conducted the Stanford Prison experiment?
    PHILIP ZIMBARDO
  33. 83.An inclination to over attribute others� behavior tointernal causes and to discount situational factors.
    FUNDAMENTAL ATTRIBUTION ERROR
  34. 84.Tendency to view one�s successes as stemming from internal factors and one�s failures as stemming fromexternal factors.
    SELF-SERVING BIAS
  35. 85.An increase in performance in front of a crowd.
    SOCIAL FACILITATION
  36. 86.A decrease in performance in front of a crowd.
    SOCIAL INHIBITION
  37. 87.Theory that discussion reinforces the majority�s point of view and shifts opinions to more extreme positions.
    GROUP POLARIZATION
  38. 88.Poor group decision making that occurs because a group emphasizes unity over critical thinking.
    GROUPTHINK
  39. 89.Method of gaining compliance by getting a person toagree to a relatively minor request first.
    FOOT-IN-THE-DOOR TECHNIQUE
  40. 90.Method of gaining compliance by first making an outrageous request and then replying to the refusal witha more reasonable request.
    DOOR-IN-THE-FACE TECHNIQUE
  41. 91.Unselfishly helping others for reasons other than rewards.
    ALTRUISM
  42. 92.When the presence of others lessens an individual�s feelings of responsibility for his or her actions.
    DIFFUSION OF RESPONSIBILITY
  43. 93.Tendency of a person to be less likely to give aid if other bystanders are present.
    BYSTANDER EFFECT
  44. 94.Tendency for people to work less hard when sharing the workload than when they are working alone.
    SOCIAL LOAFING
  45. 95.Individuals behave irrationally when there is less chance of being personally identified.
    DEINDIVIDUATION
  46. 96.State of unpleasant psychological tension that arises when a person experiences contradictory thoughts or beliefs.
    COGNITIVE DISSONANCE
  47. 97.The need to rationalize one�s attitude and behavior.
    SELF-JUSTIFICATION
  48. 98.Change in attitude opposite to the one desired by the persuader.
    BOOMERANG EFFECT
  49. 99.The delayed impact on attitude change of a persuasive communication.
    SLEEPER EFFECT
  50. 100.Method of developing resistance to persuasion by exposing a person to arguments that challenge his or herbeliefs so that he or she can practice defending them
    INOCULATION EFFECT

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