Science

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TheRicher
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Science
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2011-12-16 03:05:51
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  1. Vocab
    • Egestion-elimination of unabsorbed, unused foods
    • Cerous Layer-the outermost layer of the alimentary canal
    • Ingest-food intake
    • Cardiac Sphyncter-the valve betweeen the esophagus and stomach
    • Accessary Organs-teeth, tongue, salivary glands, liver, pancreas
    • Cuspids-the cone shaped teeth that tear foods
    • Muscular Layer-the visceral muscles that move foods through
    • Gastric Juices-enzymes and acids that breakdown proteins
    • Digestion-breakdown of foods into soluble substances
    • Chyme-the liquified churned foods within the stomach
    • Mucous Lining-the innermost lining of the alimentary canal
    • Mesentarys-the membranes that hold the digestive organs
    • Taste Buds-the papille of the tongue that taste foods
  2. Vocab
    • Ileum-the third section of the small intestine
    • Pyloric Sphyncter-the valve between the stomach and duodenum
    • Absorption-the assimilation of foods into the blood
    • Jejunum-the second section of the small intestines
    • Peristales-the wavelike contractions that move foods
    • Duodenum-the first section of the small intestine
    • Alimentary Canal-mouth, pharynx, stomach, small & large intestine
    • Mastication-shewing & gringing food by the teeth
    • Molars-the twelve teeth that grind foods
    • Premolars-the eight frontmost molars
    • Incisors-the eight chisel shaped teeth in the frint of the mouth
    • Epiglottis-covers glottis during swallowing
    • Appendix-secretes mucous for lubrication
    • Pancreus-secretes enzymes into duodenum
    • Epithelial Tissue-the tissue that lines the intestines
    • Tooth-cut, tear, and grind foods
    • Lymph Vessel-transports lymph fluid
    • Stomach-churns foods into chyme
    • Gall Bladder-bile reservior
    • Small Intestin-absorbs nutrients from foods
    • Sallvery Glands-produces saliva
    • Bile Duct-the tube between the gall bladder & duodenum
    • Liver-stores, manufactures, and detocifies
    • Rectum-pushes out feces
    • Cheeks-helps keep food in mouth during chewing
    • Tongue-moves food during chewing
    • Transverse colon-moves right to left across upper abdomen
    • Esophagus-moves food from pharynx to stomach
    • Anal Sphyncter-terminal valve of the alimentary canal
    • Desending Colon-moves from upper abdomen to lower on the left
    • Cecum-proximal puch of the ascending colon
    • Duadenum-proximal section of the small intestine
    • Ascending Colon-moves up from cecum to transverse on the right
    • Spleen-stores blood
    • Capillaries-tiny vessels that absorb nutrients
    • Vill-microscopic fingerlike structures that line the small intestine
  3. Vocab
    • Enamel-protects tooth from injury
    • Cementum-helps anchor tooth to gum
    • Pulp-all the stuff in the pulp cavity
    • Crown-the part of the tooth above the gums
    • Gums-holds the teeth in place
    • Neck-between the crown and the root
    • Pulp Cavity-filled with nerves, blood vessels, lymph vessels
    • Root-anchors tooth into the gums
    • Dentin-forms tooth structure; sumilar to bone
    • Potassium-regulates muscle contraction & nerve function
    • Calcium-major component of bones & teeth, nerve function, and muscle contraction
    • Lomagnesium-helps muscle and nerve function & bone formation
    • Iodine-helps form hormones in the thyroid
    • Phosporus-makes up DNA, RNA and ATP
  4. Vocab
    • Iron-helps carry ocygen in hemoglobin
    • Copper-helps form skin pigment
    • Sodium-helps nerve function and fluid balance
    • Carbohydrates-sugar, starch, and glycogen
    • Bile-the greenish fluid that emulsifies fats
    • Pepsin-the enzyme that breaks down proteins in the stomach
    • Minerals-inorganic substances that are needed for health maintenance
    • BMR's-the daily caories needed to carry on
    • Amino Acids-the basic building blocks of proteins
    • Tripsin-the enzyme seceted by the pancreas
    • Emulsification-the separation of fats into droplets
    • Water-dessolves foods, helps regulate fluid balance, maintains blood pH, and body temperature
    • Fats-glycerol and fatty acids known as lipids
    • Chymotripsin-works along with tripsin, made in pancreas
    • Food-any material that causes: growth, repair, and energy
    • Proteins-organic compounds made of amino acids
    • Enzymes-proteins that breakdown carbohydrates, fats and other proteins into usable molecules that can be easily absorbed into the blood
    • Coenzymes-vitamins that help enzymes
    • Amylase-the enzyme in saliva that converts starches to sugars
    • B1-the coenzyme for carbohydrate & protein metabolism
    • B5 Pantothetic Acid-coenzyme for cell respiration & hormones
    • B6-coenzyme for fats & antibodies
    • B2-helps metabolize carbohydrates
    • A-vision, epithelia, & bone and teeth growth
    • K-forms prothrombin for blood clotting
    • D-helps absorb calcium for intestine
    • B3-niacin
    • C-detocifies & helps connective tissues
    • E-inhabits oxidation & helps form DNA & RNA
    • B12-coenzyme for blood cell formation and nerve function
    • Biotin-Coenzyme for cellular metabolism
    • Follic Acid-part of the enzymes that help form DNA & RNA
  5. Four Functions Of Digestive System
    • 1.ingestion-the intake of nutrients
    • 2.digestion-the breakdown of nutrients
    • 3.absorption-the assimilation of nutrients
    • 4.egestion-theelimination of wastes
  6. Stomach Not Digesting itself?
    Epithelial Muscosa
  7. Liver!!!
    • Manufactures
    • Stores
    • Detoxifies
  8. Foods into Three Groups
    • Starch-Amylase:sugars
    • Fat-Lipase:fatty acids & glycerol
    • Proteins-Pepsin,Trypsin,Chymotrypsin,Peptidase:amino acids
  9. Foods Pathway
    lips, buccal cavity, phyrnx, esophagus, cardiac sphyncter, stomach, pylonic sphyncter, duodenum, jejunum, ileum, cecal sphyncter, cecum, ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, rectum, arial sphyncter

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