Legal Research

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shabazz704
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124071
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Legal Research
Updated:
2011-12-16 08:34:15
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Vocabulary final
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Vocabulary 2
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  1. Help locate or update primary and secodary sources.
    or
    1. A book containing
    references, alphabetically arranged, to the contents of a series or collection
    of documents or volumes; or a section (normally at the end) of a single volume
    or set of volumes containing such references to its contents.
    Index:
  2. 1. The system of fundamental
    principles by which a political body or organization governs itself. Most
    national constitutions are written; the english and israeli constitutions are
    unwritten.
    Constitution:
  3. 1. 1) statutory: brief
    summaries of the law and facts of cases interpreting statutes passed by
    congress or state legislatures that are included in codes; or (2) textual:
    expository essays of varying length on significant legal topics chosen from
    selected cases published with the essays.
    Annotated
  4. n. a set of
    procedural regulations adopted by courts which are mandatory upon parties and
    their lawyers on matters within the jurisdiction of those courts. Most states
    have statewide rules of court. Federal court rules are adopted by the district
    courts based on the Federal Rules of Procedure, and county, district and
    municipal court judges adopt what are called "local rules" of court.
    Local rules encompass the time allowed to file papers, the format of documents
    (including the paper colors of appeal court briefs), the number of copies to be
    filed, the procedure to file motions, the basis for calculating alimony and
    child support, fees for filing various documents, and numerous other mundane
    but vital matters. These rules are violated or ignored at the peril of the
    client and his/her/its counsel.
    Rules of Court
  5. Is a set of writing style guidelines for a certain publication or type
    of publications.
    Style Manual
  6. 1. A set of books and online
    sources that provide the subsequent judicial history and interpretation of
    reported cases or lists of cases and legislative enactments construing,
    applying, or affecting statutes. In America, the most widely used citators are
    Shepard's citations and Keycite.
    Citators
  7. law, as
    distinguished from constitutional law and the common law, is that body of law
    laid down by a legislature. Both the U.S. Congress and state legislatures enact
    statutes either by bill or by joint resolution. Federal statutes take
    precedence over state statutes, and state statutes are superior to the common
    law. Statutory law is inferior to constitutional law, and courts exercise the
    power of judicial review when they declare statutes unconstitutional. Statutory
    law is codified under titles describing the areas of action to which they
    appertain, and these titles are grouped together in codes. The administrative
    branch of government enforces statutory law often through the promulgation of
    administrative rules and regulations that have the effect of law as long as
    they lie within the limits set by the statutes.
    Statutory Law
  8. 1. The body or branch of law
    concerned with the study, interpretation, and application of a country or
    stateÂ’s constitution, including the issues of governance, the powers of the
    branches and levels of government, civil liberties, and civil rights.
    constitutional law
  9. 1. That portion of the law that
    defines, regulates, enforces, and administers relationships among individuals,
    associations, and corporations. As used in distinction to public law, the term
    means that part of the law that is administered between citizen and citizen, or
    that is concerned with the definition, regulation, and enforcement of rights in
    cases where both the person in whom the right inheres and the person upon whom
    the obligation rests are private individuals.
    Private Law
  10. 1. Is a citation “added on” to
    a basic citation that lists one or more additional sources that have published
    the same authority:
    parallel citation
  11. 1. are
    authoritative statements of legal rules by governmental bodies. They include
    opinions of courts, constitutions, legislation, administrative regulations and
    opinions, and rules of court.
    Primary Sources
  12. 1. An act that relates to the
    public as a whole. It may be: (1) general (applies to all persons within the
    jurisdiction); (2) local (applies to a geographical area); or (3) special
    (relates to an organization that is charged with a public interest).
    Public Law
  13. 1. A copy of a bill that is
    passed by a state legislature and endorsed by the governor, or passed by
    Congress and signe d by the president, and is printed and distributed almost
    immediately.
    Slip laws
  14. 1. In popular usage, a
    compilation of statutes. Technically, in a code, the laws in force and judicial
    decrees having the force of law, are rewritten and arranged in classified
    order. Repealed and temporary acts are eliminated and the revision is
    reenacted.
    codes
  15. An index to reported cases, providing brief, unconnected statements of
    court holdings on points of law, which are arranged by subject and subdivided
    by jurisdiction and courts.
    Digest
  16. . are
    materials about the law that are used to explain, interpret, develop, locate or
    update primary sources. The major types of secondary sources are treatises,
    Restatements, Looseleaf services. . . law reviews and other legal periodicals,
    legal encyclopedias, American Law Reports (A.L.R.) Annotations, and legal
    dictionaries.
    Secondary Sources
  17. 1. A
    system of law promulgated and implemented within a particular political
    community by political superiors, as distinct from moral law or law existing in
    an ideal community law typically consists of enacted law – the codes, statutes, and regulations that are applied and enforced
    in the courts.
    Positive Law
  18. 1. sets forth the facts,
    evidence, and legal arguments the party intends to present at trial. They are
    typically supported by citations to legal authority, such as statutes or case
    law, but may also cite authoritative writings, statistics, or other sources.
    Trial Brief
  19. 1. is located inside the back
    cover of the book. A legal researcher should always consult it to ensure that
    the most current law is examined.
    Pocket Part
  20. 1. Laws enacted by a
    legislature that are published in bound or pamphlet volumes after adjournment
    of each regular or special session.
    Session Laws
  21. compilations of judicial opinions, most often from state and federal appellate courts, arranged acording to some grouping, Such as jurisdiction court period of time or subject matter
    Court Reports
  22. 1. A published volume of the
    decisions of a court or a group of courts.
    Reporter
  23. 1. Technology that allows
    lawyers and judges to bypass the traditional law library and locate statutes,
    court cases, and other legal references in minutes using a personal computer,
    research software or the Internet, and an online connection.

    2. CALR systems contain
    thousands of databases. In addition to primary source materials, they offer
    access to business and economic journals, national newspapers, law reviews,
    federal tax abstracts, and financial data and materials. Specialized databases
    for narrower topics such as taxes, Securities, labor, insurance, and Bankruptcy
    are also available.
    Computer Assisted Legal Research (CALR)

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