Toulman Argument Model

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Author:
WeaponX
ID:
124081
Filename:
Toulman Argument Model
Updated:
2011-12-16 11:32:50
Tags:
English 1001
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Hines
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  1. 1. Purpose of the argument. 2. thesis
    Claim
  2. 1. Support for the claim 2. data, evidence, and grounds
    Reasons
  3. 1. works from assumptions 2. gives the writer credibility in order to proceed 3. might be disputed, in which case the writer must defend
    warrant
  4. A statement that links a claim to a supporting reason. an argument in brief.
    Enthymeme
  5. indicate the limits of your claim. Include words like: few, rarely, some, in some cases, in the main...etc.
    Qualifiers
  6. An answer that challenges or refute a specific claim or change 1. it gives voice to objections to your argument 2. butteress your own claims here they are weak
    Rebuttal
  7. The evidence in support of your warrent
    Backing
  8. teaches that claims should consistently use the three traditional appeals of ethos, logos, and pathos
    Toulin Argument
  9. Greek for "embodied thought," writers and speakers appeal to reason
    logos
  10. Emotion. Writers use this appeal when they evoke personal prejudice and biases of the audience or reader. Appeal to emotion
    Pathos
  11. Speakers and writers appeal to their own character, reputation, credibility, and intelligence, to demonstrate that they ae credible and trustworthy
    Ethos
  12. Toulman argument format
    Reason _____claim (Qualifier) since_____

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