Chapter 20

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Anonymous
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124142
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Chapter 20
Updated:
2011-12-16 22:22:08
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POLS V1
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FINAL
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  1. What 1997 treaty, designed to reduce greenhouse
    emissions, did President Bush decline to support when he became president in
    2001?

    A. Kyoto Treaty
    B. Warsaw Pact
    C. Treaty of Paris
    D. Nairobi Agreement
    E. Oslo Accords
    A. Kyoto Treaty
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. Which of the following would not be
    considered a problem attributable to globalization?

    A. global warming
    B. increasing national debt
    C. lowered food production
    D. competition for jobs due to free trade
    E. increasing trade deficit
    C. lowered food production
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. A pact between the United States and another
    country concerning their joint activities, which needs no formal approval from the U.S. Senate is called a(n)

    A. preemptive action.
    B. executive agreement.
    C. comparative advantage.
    D. détente.
    E. flexible response.
    B. executive agreement.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. What document, passed over President Nixon’s
    veto, requires the U.S. president to consult with Congress before involving U.S. troops in hostilities and to
    notify Congress within forty-eight hours of such an intervention?

    A. détente
    B. War Powers Resolution
    C. executive agreement
    D. NATO Accords
    E. Marshall Plan
    B. War Powers Resolution
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. What executive cabinet department was the first
    to be created by Congress in 1789?

    A. none of these
    B. Justice Department
    C. War Department
    D. State Department
    E. Treasury Department
    D. State Department
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. Which U.S. executive agency conducts
    signal intelligence using supercomputers, satellites, and other high-tech equipment?

    A. Central Intelligence Agency
    B. National Security Council
    C. Federal Bureau of Investigation
    D. NATO Headquarters Intelligence Agency
    E. National Security Agency
    E. National Security Agency
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. The U.S. policy to stop Soviet
    expansion during the Cold War was called

    A. flexible response.
    B. the Marshall Plan.
    C. preemptive action.
    D. containment.
    E. mutual assured destruction.
    D. containment.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. President Clinton’s policy following the
    collapse of communism to increase the spread of market economies and increase the U.S. role in global affairs was called

    A. the Clinton Doctrine.
    B. comparative advantage.
    C. enlargement and engagement.
    D. preemptive action.
    E. détente.
    C. enlargement and engagement.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. What group of advisers assists the president in
    molding a coherent approach to foreign policy by integrating and coordinating details of domestic, foreign, and military affairs?

    A. State Department
    B. Central Intelligence Agency
    C. National Security Agency
    D. Department of Defense
    E. National Security Council
    E. National Security Council
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. Which foreign policy served to scale back U.S.
    overseas commitments by linking commitments to interests?

    A. Monroe Doctrine
    B. Clinton Doctrine
    C. Truman Doctrine
    D. Nixon Doctrine
    E. Carter Doctrine
    D. Nixon Doctrine
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. Which is not true of the international liberals?

    A. They use international government to aid children in foreign countries.
    B. They use international government to advance the rights of women.
    C. They use international government to protect the environment.
    D. They use international government to improve conditions of workers.
    E. They use international government to provide subsidies to national businesses.
    E. They use international government to provide subsidies to national businesses.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. A foreign policy power explicitly assigned to the
    president under the Constitution is the power to

    A. raise revenue for the armed forces.
    B. declare war.
    C. receive ambassadors.
    D. conclude executive agreements.
    e. all of the above.
    C. receive ambassadors.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. Which of the following agencies does the Agency
    for International Development (AID) work with on a regular basis?

    a. Central Intelligence Agency
    b. Department of Agriculture
    c. Peace Corps
    d. Defense Department
    e. all of the above
    e. all of the above
  14. Which U.S. president used a policy of
    peace through strength during his administration?

    A. George W. Bush
    B. George H. W. Bush
    C. Ronald Reagan
    D. Bill Clinton
    E. Jimmy Carter
    C. Ronald Reagan
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. Which of the following is true about the United States’
    active role in world affairs?

    A. The public does not support an active role, but the foreign policy elites do.
    B. Both the public and the foreign policy elites support an active role.
    C. The foreign policy elites have only recently begun to support an active role.
    D. The public supports an active role, but the foreign policy elites do not.
    E. Neither the public nor the foreign policy elites support an active role.
    B. Both the public and the foreign policy elites support an active role.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. Approximately what percentage of the federal
    budget is devoted to foreign aid?

    A. 15 percent
    B. 35 percent
    C. 25 percent
    D. 5 percent
    E. 1 percent
    E. 1 percent
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. After the end of the Cold War, what new kind of
    policy replaced our policy of containment?

    A. disengagement policy
    B. détente policy
    C. global policy
    D. preemptive policy
    E. enlargement and engagement policy
    C. global policy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. Creating order through the use of international
    agreements to outlaw unfair business practices is called

    A. comparative advantage.
    B. managed trade.
    C. flexible response.
    D. fair trade.
    E. free trade.
    D. fair trade.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. Which of the following is not one of the
    big emerging markets (BEM) the United
    States. is interested in?

    A. Mexico
    B. South Africa
    C. Indonesia
    D. Brazil
    e. none of the above
    B. South Africa
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. An economic policy to allow businesses in
    different nations to sell and buy goods without paying tariffs or having other limitations is called

    A. flexible response.
    B. fair trade.
    C. free trade.
    D. comparative advantage.
    E. managed trade.
    C. free trade.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. An executive agreement

    A. has the legal status of a treaty.
    B. is outside the range of presidential power.
    C. has no legal standing.
    D. is a power reserved for the president by the Constitution.
    E. requires ratification by the Senate.
    A. has the legal status of a treaty.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. When did the United States break out of its
    policy of isolationism and become a superpower?

    A. after World War I
    B. after the 9/11 terrorist attacks
    C. after the Civil War
    D. after World War II
    E. during the Vietnam War
    D. after World War II
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. The War Powers Resolution

    A. played no role in the George W. Bush administration’s decisions related to the war on terror.
    B. increased the role of the House of Representatives in foreign policy choices.
    C. greatly diminished the ability of presidents to conduct undeclared wars.
    D. resulted in a major reorganization of the Department of Defense.
    E. failed to diminish the ability of the president to conduct undeclared war.
    E. failed to diminish the ability of the president to conduct undeclared war.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. Which is not true for the international
    conservatives?

    A. They favor placing U.S. forces under the command of international organizations.
    B. They oppose other nations monitoring human rights conditions in the United States.
    C. They favor using the military only to fight in defense of vital national interests.
    D. They favor spending for national defense.
    E. They favor support of U.S. intelligence agencies.
    A. They favor placing U.S. forces under the command of international organizations.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. What organization was created in 1995 in order
    to regulate trade among the NATO nations and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland?

    A. Economic Council Organization
    B. International Committee on Economics
    C. Economic Trade Council
    D. World Trade Organization
    E. World Economic Council
    D. World Trade Organization
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  26. big emerging markets (BEM's)
    rapidly growing international markets especially promising for the U.S.
  27. Cold War
    between U.S. & soviet Union
  28. comparative advantage
    principle of international trade that states that all nations will benefit when each nation specializes in those goods that it can produce most efficiently
  29. containment
    Soviets were to be contained w/i boundaries in expectation that their system would decay
  30. detente
    reduction of tensions
  31. enlargement & engagement
    • Clinton's policy
    • following collapse of communism
    • increased spead of market economies & role in global affairs
  32. executive agreement
    pact between the heads of 2 countries
  33. fair trade
    trade regulated by international agreements outlawing unfair business practices
  34. foreign policy
    general plan followed by a nation in defending & advancing its national interests, especially in security against foreign threats
  35. free trade
    ecomonic policy that allows businesses in different nations to sell & buiy goods w/o paying tariffs or other limitations
  36. global policy
    • plan for defending & advancing interests
    • includes social & environmental concerns among national interests
  37. Intelligence Community
    16 agencies in executive branch that conduct the various intelligence activities that make up the total U.S. national intelligence effort
  38. intermestic
    issues in which international & domestic concerns are mixed
  39. isolationism
    foreign policy of withdrawal from international political affairs
  40. nation building
    policy once thought to shore up Third World countries economically & democratically, thereby making them less attractive targets for Soviet opportunism
  41. Nixon Doctrine
    restricted U.S. military intervention abroad absent a threat to its vital nation interests
  42. North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
    • created to defend against Soviet expansionism
    • includes nations of Western Europe, U.S., and Canada
  43. peace through strength
    Reagan's policy of combating communism by building up the military
  44. preemptive action
    • policy of acting against a nation or group that poses a threat to the U.S. before waiting for the threat to occur
    • "Bush Doctrine"
  45. protectionists
    those who wish to prevent imports from entering the country & therefore oppose free trade
  46. sovereign wealth funds
    gov. owned funds of financial assets built from budget surpluses & reserved for investment purposes

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