Anatomy Final

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Stevietbeme
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124181
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Anatomy Final
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2011-12-19 21:33:30
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Anatomy
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  1. The branch of biological science that studies the external and internal structure of the body and the physical relationship among body parts is called
    Anatomy
  2. The branch of biological science that deals with the study of how living organisms preform their vital functions is called
    Physiology
  3. The tendency for physiological systems to stabalize internal conditions is called
    homeostasis
  4. Name the 3 anatomical planes and descriptions of each.
    Sagital;left or right. Frontal(coronal) Dorsal-ventral; Posterior-Anterior; Superior-inferior; Transverse
  5. The common term for the buccal region
    cheek
  6. The common name for the carpal region
    the wrist
  7. The common name for the Pollex
    thumb
  8. common name: patella
    knee cap
  9. pure substance
    element
  10. center of aton
    nucleus
  11. electrons around outside
    electron cloud
  12. Electrons in atom occupy orderly series of electron shells
    energy levels
  13. actual mass of atom
    atomic weight
  14. Ions with a positive charge
    cation
  15. ions with a negative charge
    anion
  16. atoms of the same element whose nuclei contain the same number of protons but different numbers of nuetrons are called
    isotopes
  17. accelerate chemical reactions
    enzymes
  18. molecules are comounds that contain carbon as primary structure
    organic
  19. compounds do not usually contain carbon
    inorganic
  20. soluble inorganic compounds whose solutions will conduct an electric current
    electrolyte
  21. molecules that do not readily dissolve in water
    hydrophobic
  22. negative logarithm of H+concentration
    pH
  23. molecule DNA contain what five carbon sugar
    deoxyribose
  24. cytoplasm consist of
    cystol and organelles
  25. cells of the body except reproductive
    somatic
  26. ribosomes composed of what protein
    rRna
  27. nucleus is surrounded by
    nuclear envelope
  28. cell membrane is
    selectivley premiable
  29. nuclear division of somatic cell
    mitosis
  30. physical process by whicha siingle animal cell spereates into two
    cytokinesis
  31. physical process by which cells become specialized
    differentiation
  32. fluid component of conective tissue
    ground substance
  33. combination of fibers and gound substance in supporting connective tissue
    matrix
  34. watery component of blood
    plasma
  35. epithelia and connective tussue combine to form +++++ that cover and protect other structures and tissuesin the body
    body membrane
  36. function to propogate electrical signals from one place to another
    neuron
  37. study of tissue
    histology
  38. gland cells produce
    secretions
  39. support, protect, and nourish nerve cells
    neuroglia
  40. secretions are released by the gland cells into interstitial space
    endocrine
  41. defense cells in blood are called WBC or
    leukocytes
  42. three kinds of formed elements of blood
    RBC, WBC, Platlettes
  43. condition known as erythema, skin is
    reddish
  44. pigment in vegetabkes that can make skin orange
    carotene
  45. hairs are produced within organs called
    hair follicles
  46. fine hairs lack pigment, over most of body
    vellus hair
  47. coarse, pigmented hair
    terminal hair
  48. substance cakked sebum
    skin oil
  49. may be required if epithelial cell migration cannot cover wound
    skin graft
  50. most dangerous skin cancer
    malignant melanoma
  51. bruise turns blackand blue because
    broken vessel in dermis
  52. the shaft of long bones
    diaphysis
  53. # of major bones
    206
  54. matrix in spongy bone
    trabeculae
  55. sum of all chemical reaction in body
    metabolism
  56. homeostatic mechanisms act through ++++ feedback
    negative
  57. provide info about spec. conditions in internal environment
    receptors
  58. heart, esophogous,trechea and thymus are all in
    meiastimim
  59. caviy contains teeth and tounge
    oral
  60. cavity is part of abdominal pelvic cavity that contains terminal portion of large intestine, urinary bladder,ect
    pelvic
  61. defined as anything that has weight and takes up space
    matter
  62. chemical bond formed when atoms share electrons is called
    covelant
  63. chemicals resistant the pH change
    buffers
  64. building blocks of nucleic acids
    nucleotides
  65. part of enzyme that combines with specific part of substrate is
    active site
  66. cellular respiration occurs in three distinct, yet interconnected series of reactions. what order
    Glycolysis, citric acid, electron transport chain
  67. glycolysis is +++++ phase of celular respiration, no oxygen
    anaerobic
  68. phases of cell cycle
    interphase, mitosis, cytokinesis
  69. membrane onlung surface
    visceral pluera
  70. part that is above another
    superior
  71. section that seperates the body into left and right portions
    sagital
  72. anatomical position, describe
    standing erect with feet forward
  73. analysis of internal sturcture of individual cells is called
    cytology
  74. which of the following is aranged correctly complex to simpe, tissue, cellular, molecule, organ, system, organism
    organism, system,organ, tissue, cell, molecule
  75. organ system provides support, protection, mineral storage, and blood formation
    skeletal
  76. which organ system transports nuturients,waste, gases,defense cells
    cardiovascular
  77. which organ system incliudes spleen and tonsils
    lymphatic
  78. kidneys and ureters in what system
    urinary
  79. pituitary gland and throid gland are organs in
    endocrine
  80. which organ system removes carbon dioxide from blood
    respiratory
  81. lungs are to respiratory as liver is to
    digestive
  82. skin, hair, nails
    integumentary
  83. a person facing foreward with hands at sides and palms forward
    anatomical position
  84. an anatomical term that means the same as ventral
    anterior
  85. In anatomical reference, the heart is +++ to the lungs
    medial
  86. the wrist is +++ to the elbow
    distal
  87. The chin is ++++ to the nose
    inferior
  88. what region corresponds to the buttocks
    gluteal
  89. what term refers to the foot
    pedal
  90. the muscle knownasthe diaphram seperates the +++ cavity from the ++++ cavity
    thorcic, adominopelvic
  91. the thoracic cavity contains
    heart, lungs, esophogus, trachea
  92. serous membrane directly covering the stomach and most of the intestines is called
    periosteum
  93. if a response decreases
    - feedback
  94. if a response increases
    + feedback
  95. a cell or organ that responds to commands from the cns in negative feedback is
    effector, muscle, gland
  96. what is the mediastinm
    cavity between lungs
  97. the right plueral cavity contains
    right lung
  98. what organs in the abdominal cavity
    stomach, small intestine, spleen, pancreas
  99. the visceral pericardium is located
    on the heart inself
  100. the smalleststable unit of matter
    atom
  101. the atomic number of an atom is determined by the numberof +++ it has
    protons
  102. isotopes of an element differ in the number of
    nuetrons
  103. the mass number represents the number of
    protons and nuetrons
  104. the innermost electron shell in an atom hold up to +++++ electrons
    2
  105. the atomic weight of an atom reflects the average number of
    protons nuetrons and electrons
  106. radioisotopes have unstable
    nuclei
  107. the chemical behavior of an atom is determined by
    outermost shell
  108. ions with a + charge are called +++++, a - charge is +++++
    cation, anion
  109. the weakest bond between two atoms is
    hydrogen
  110. ionic bonds are formed when
    electrons are completely transferred from one to another
  111. in a molecule of nitrogen, three pairs of electrons are shared by two nitrongen atoms. this is a
    triple covelant bond
  112. if a pair of electrons is unequally shared
    polar covelant bond
  113. elements that have atoms with full outer shells
    inert gas, no reaction
  114. AB-A,B is decomp a,b-AB is
    synthesis
  115. when the reactants are inchanges to make new products, what tpe of reaction
    exchange reaction
  116. enzmes are what kind of organic compound? they function as? lower ----- energy,
    proteins,catalyst, activation
  117. what make organic compounds, main 4?
    C+H, carbs lipids proteins nucleic acids
  118. why is water soimportant
    high heat capacity, dissolves many substances due to polarity
  119. a soultion containing equal numbers of hydrogen ions and hydroxide ions is
    nuetral
  120. what makes a substance acidic
    ph less than 7
  121. if a substance has a pH that is greater than 7
    basic, alkaline
  122. in chemical notation, the symbol Ca2+ means
    a calciumhas lost 2 electrons
  123. joint between trap and metacarpal is what kind
    saddle
  124. type of joint between caprals
    gliding
  125. foot movement enables ballerina to stand on her foot
    plantar felxion
  126. dense layer of connective tissue around skeletal muscle
    epimysium
  127. delicate connective tissue sourrounds skeletal muscle and attaches muscle to bone
    tendon
  128. bundle of collagen fibers at end of skeletol muscle that attaches muscle to bone
    endomyseum
  129. advantage of having man nuclei in skeletal muscle fiber
    produce large amounts of protein for growth
  130. plasma membrane of skeletak muscle
    sarcolema
  131. Repeating unit of skeletal musce
    sarcomere
  132. in response to action potentials arriving alon

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