AP&T

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poppypants01
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124249
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AP&T
Updated:
2011-12-30 18:53:12
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Body Organization ch2
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  1. abdomin/o
    abdomen
  2. adip/o
    fat
  3. anter/o
    front
  4. brachi/o
    arm
  5. caud/o
    tail
  6. cephal/o
    head
  7. cervic/o
    neck
  8. chondr/o
    cartilage
  9. crani/o
    skull
  10. crur/o
    leg
  11. cyt/o
    cell
  12. dist/o
    away from
  13. dors/o
    back of body
  14. glute/o
    buttock
  15. hist/o
    tissue
  16. infer/o
    below
  17. later/o
    side
  18. medi/o
    middle
  19. muscul/o
    muscle
  20. neur/o
    nerve
  21. organ/o
    organ
  22. oste/o
    bone
  23. pelv/o
    pelvis
  24. peritone/o
    peritoneum
  25. peritoneum
    two layer membrane that encases the viscera in the abdominopelvic cavity
  26. pleur/o
    plura
  27. pleura
    two layer membrane that encases the viscera in the thoracic cavity
  28. poster/o
    back
  29. proxim/o
    near to
  30. pub/o
    genital region
  31. somat/o
    body
  32. spin/o
    spine
  33. super/o
    above
  34. system/o
    system
  35. thorac/o
    chest
  36. ventr/o
    belly
  37. vertebr/o
    vertebra
  38. viscer/o
    internal organ
  39. cell
    basic unit of life
  40. tissues
    groups of like cells that work together
  41. organs
    groups of tissues that perform similar functions
  42. body system
    collections or organs working together
  43. 3 parts of a cell:
    • nucleus
    • cytoplasm
    • cell membrane
  44. cell membrane
    outtermost layer of a cell
  45. cytoplasm
    watery internal environment of a cell
  46. cell nucleus
    part of the cell that holds the DNA
  47. 4 types of tissue in the human body:
    • muscle
    • epithelial
    • connective
    • nervous
  48. 4 types of muscle tissue
    • cardiac muscle
    • muscle fibers (individual muscle cells)
    • skeletal muscle (attached to bone)
    • smooth muscle (internal organs)
  49. function of muscle tissue:
    produces movement through contraction
  50. epithelium
    close packed cells that form the lingings and coverings of body structures.

    outermost layer of skin
  51. epithelial tissue can be specialized to:
    • absorb substances
    • secrete substances
    • excrete wastes
  52. connective tissue
    the supporting and protecting tissue in body structures
  53. bone
    connective tissue that provides structural support for the whole body
  54. cartilage
    connective tissue that is the shock absorber in joints
  55. tendons
    connective tissue that tightly connects skeletal muscle to bone
  56. adipose
    connective tissue that provides protective padding around structures
  57. neurons
    cells that make up nervous tissue
  58. nervous tissue forms:
    • the brain
    • the spinal cord
    • nerves
  59. anatomical position
    standing erect, arms at sides, palms and eyes forward
  60. sagital/median plane
    • vertical plane that runs lengthwise from front to back
    • divides body (or parts) into L and R sides
  61. frontal/coronal plane
    vertical lengthwise plane that divides into front and back
  62. transverse plane
    horizontal plane that runs parallel to the ground
  63. cephalic region
    the head
  64. cervical region
    the neck
  65. trunk
    torso
  66. thoracic region
    chest
  67. dorsum
    the back
  68. brachial regions
    • upper extremities (arms)
    • abbrv: UE
  69. crural regions
    • lower extremities (legs)
    • abbrv: LE
  70. 8 body cavities
    • abdominal
    • abdominopelvic
    • cranial
    • pelvic
    • pericardial
    • pleural
    • spinal
    • thoracic
  71. 2 dorsal cavities
    • cranial (contains brain)
    • spinal (spinal cord)
  72. 2 ventral (frontal) cavities
    • thoracic
    • abdominopelvic
  73. the thoracic cavity can be sub-divided into these 3 'sub' cavities:
    • pleural cavity (lungs)
    • pericardial cavity (heart)
    • mediastinum
  74. mediastinum:
    contains the heart, esophagus, trachea, thymus gland, aorta
  75. diaphragm
    muscle used for breathing that creates a wall between the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities
  76. organs of these systems are located within the abdominopelvic cavities
    • digestive
    • excretory
    • reproductive
  77. The organs within the ventral cavities are referred to as:
    • viscera
    • internal organs
  78. outer layer of pleura or peritoneum that lines cavities
    parietal layer
  79. inner layer of the pleura or peritoneum that encases the viscera
    visceral layer
  80. The thoracic cavity is divided into the:
    • pleural cavity
    • pericardial cavity
  81. pericardial cavity contains:
    heart
  82. pleural cavity contains:
    lungs
  83. superior or cephalic
    directional term indicating location more toward the head or above another structure
  84. inferior or caudal
    directional term indicating location more toward feet or tail, or below another structure
  85. anterior or ventral
    directional term indicating location more toward the front/belly side
  86. posterior or dorsal
    directional term indicating location more toward the back or spine
  87. medial
    directional term indicating location in or near the middle of the body or structure
  88. lateral
    directional term indicating location at the side
  89. proximal
    directional term indicating location more toward the point of attachment to th body
  90. distal
    located farther away from the point of attachment to the body
  91. apex
    tip or summit of an organ
  92. base
    lower or bottom part of an organ
  93. superficial
    more toward surface of body
  94. supine
    body lying horizontally, face up
  95. prone
    body is face down, horizontal

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