RAD141 A&P1 Positioning Chptr 1

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Author:
davekf
ID:
124318
Filename:
RAD141 A&P1 Positioning Chptr 1
Updated:
2011-12-18 12:16:40
Tags:
xray anatomy positioning
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Description:
MCC Positioning A&P1 fall 2011
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  1. How many bones are in the Skeletal System?
    206
  2. What are the 2 skeletal systems?
    • Axial
    • Appendicular
  3. How many bones in the axial system?
    80
  4. How many bones in the appendicular system?
    126
  5. Osteology is the study of?
    arthrology is the study of?
    • bones
    • joints
  6. The axil system includes the pelvic and shoulder girdles?
    False
  7. name the 4 classifications of bones?
    • long
    • short
    • flat
    • irregular
  8. long bones are found in the?
    a. appendicular system
    b. axial system
    c. both
    appendicular only
  9. short bones are found in the spine, hands and feet.
    True or False?
    • False
    • they are only in the hanfs and feet
  10. There are _____ # of carpel bones in the wrist?
    8
  11. there are _____# of tarsel bones?
    7
  12. Flat bones are found in the _____, ______, ______ & ______?
    • skull cap
    • sternum
    • ribs
    • scapulae
  13. Irregular bones are found in the ______, ______, _______ & ______?
    • Vertebrae
    • Face
    • base of cranium
    • pelvis
  14. the most common sesmoid bones can be found in the tendens of these 3 areas?
    • posterior foot
    • base of thumb (hand)
    • knees (patellae)
  15. Ossification, Calcification or Osteothrosis is the process by which bones form?
    ossification
  16. The primary center for ossification is the ______?
    diaphysis
  17. The secondary center for ossification is the ____?
    epiphysis
  18. Name the 3 classifications of joints that help determine their movement.
    • synarthosis
    • amphiarthrosis
    • diarthosis
  19. an immovable joint is considered to be.
    A. diarthrosis
    B. amphiarthrosis
    C. synarthrosis
    C. synarthosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. This type of joint lacks a cavity, is held together by cartilage, can be synargthrodial or amphiarthrodial?
    Cartilaginous
  21. This type of joint is freely movable, have a fibrous capsule containing fluid and are generaly diarthrodial (free moving)?
    Synovial
  22. Ther are 6 movement types of synovial joints. Name them from least to most permitted movement.
    • 1. Plane
    • 2. Ginglymous (hinge)
    • 3. Trochoid (pivot)
    • 4. Ellipsoidal (condiloid)
    • 5. Sellar (saddle)
    • 6. Spheroid (ball & socket)
  23. The carpals & metacarpals are examples of this type of movement in a joint?
    Plane (gliding)
  24. The knee, elbow, ankle & interphlageal joint are examples of this type of movement?
    Gingylus (hinge)
  25. Trochoid (pivot joints) can be found in the _____ & ____ vertebrae and in the _______ & ______ radioulnar joints?
    • 1st & 2nd
    • distal & proximal
  26. This joint allows: Flexion, extension, abduction, adduction and circumduction. It can be found in the 2nd - 5th MCP joints of the fingers?
    Ellipsoid (condyloid)
  27. This type of joint can only be found in the thumb.
    Sellar (saddle)
  28. This joint is found in the hip and shoulder girdle and allows the great freedom of motion.
    Spheroidal (ball & socket)
  29. In the Trendelenburg position, the head is higher or lower than the feet?
    lower
  30. the modified sims position is primarily used for _____?
    rectal tip insertion
  31. What is the difference between ipsilateral and contralateral?
    • Ipsilateral in on the same side.
    • contralteral is in the opposite side
  32. a humpback condition would be considered?
    a. Lordosis
    b. Kyphosis
    b. Kyphosis
  33. Name the 4 types of body styles.
    • Hypersthenic
    • Asthenic
    • Sthenic
    • Hyposthenic
  34. 50% of body styles are Asthenic.
    T or F?
    False they are Sthenic.

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