World History: Chapter 8
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What was the chief goal of the Crusades?
To reclaim the Holy Land; Jerusalm
Who wrote the Divine Comedy?
What document did King John of England sign which, among other things, declared that the monarch must obey the law?
The Magna Carta
What disease killed nearly one-third of Europe's population beginning at 1347?
The Black Death
What are the characteristics of gothic architecture?
- Flying Buttresses
- Stainglass Windows
Who helped lead the French to victory in the Hundred Years War?
Joan of Arc
Describe the dispute between Pope Gregory VII and Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV. What issue did this dispute involve?
Lay Investure: The practice of appointing bishops when not a member of the clergy
Gregory VII Causes Contraversy: Gregory did not like lay investure.
Henry Repsonds: Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV liked lay investure.
Struggle: Pope excommunitcated Henry. Henry apologizes. Henry later gets revenge by forcing Pope into exile.
50 years later: The Concordat of Worms
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