Biology Study Guide

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littlepd3
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124360
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Biology Study Guide
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2011-12-18 15:09:52
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Biology Honors
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Biology Final Study Guide
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  1. Define Evolution
    Evolution is the gradual change in the characteristics of species over time.
  2. List the five characteristics of living things.
    • Have an orderly structure.
    • Reproduce
    • Change (growth and development)
    • Adjust to environment
    • Adapt and Evolve
  3. List the different ways Carbon is sent to the atmosphere.
    • Burning Forests
    • Cellular Respiration
    • Burning Fossil Fuels
    • Geographical Activity
    • Transpiration
  4. List the different ways Carbon is returned to the biotic part.
    • Rain
    • Photosynthesis
    • Decomposition of animals
  5. Define habitat.
    area where organism lives including abiotic and biotic factors
  6. Define community.
    all living things in an area
  7. Define population.
    all members of one species living together
  8. What is a Climax Community?
    The mature (no longer changing) community that is the end of succession
  9. What are the differences between primary succession and secondary succession?
    Secondary succesion leaves soil, while primary succession destroys everything!
  10. Define the terms biotic and abiotic.
    • Biotic: living
    • Abiotic: not living
  11. Explain exponential growth.
    Exponential growth means that as a popultion gets larger, it gets faster.
  12. Exponential growth, when shown on a graph, represents a _____ shaped curve.
    J
  13. What are some limiting factors for a population of organisms?
    • Competition
    • Predation
    • Disease
    • Parasitism
    • Unusual Weather
  14. Density-dependent factors include...
    • competition
    • predation
    • herbavorism
    • parasitism
  15. Density-dependent factors have an increasing effect on populations as it does what?
    Increases
  16. Densitiy-independent factors affects what kind of populations?
    All populations regardless of size
  17. The major threat to biodiversity is...
    Introducing invasive species
  18. What causes acid precipitation?
    Pollution in the air.
  19. Scientists hypothesize that the increase in the loss of biodiversity is due to what factors?
    • Altered habitats
    • Hunting
    • Introduced species
    • Climate Change
  20. What is the difference between a threatened species and an endangered species?
    • Threatened: Close to endangered
    • Endangered: Closed to extinct
  21. What is an edge effect?
    The effect of the placing of environments side-by-side
  22. What is an exotic species?
    Non-indigenous species
  23. What are the building blocks of protein?
    Amino Acids
  24. Is an enzyme a carbohydrate, protein, or lipid?
    Protein
  25. What is an organic comopund?
    Carbon+element
  26. What subatomic particles does the nucleus of an atom contain?
    Protons and Neutrons
  27. The lower the number is on a pH scale, the ________ acid their is.
    More
  28. What is Cell Theory?
    • All living thins have cells.
    • Cells are the building blocks of living things.
    • New cells are made from old cells.
  29. List 2 types of cells that have a cell wall.
    • Prokaryotic
    • Plantae
  30. What are the difference between a prokaryotic cell and a eukaryotic cell?
    • Prokaryotic
    • No Nucleus
    • Are Bacteria
    • Smaller
    • Eukaryotic
    • Nucleus
    • All other kingdoms
    • Bigger
  31. In which type of cell would you find a chloroplast?
    Plant cell
  32. What is the function of the nucleus?
    The nucleus contains nearly all of the cell's DNA and, withit, the coded instructions for making proteins.
  33. Which cell organelle is responsible for maintaining homeostasis?
    Cellular Membrane
  34. What is binomial nomenclature?
    Scientific name
  35. Define Taxonomy.
    The science of classifying organisms
  36. What determines if an organism has a rapid life history?
    • It has a small body
    • Matures Quickly
    • Numerous offspring
  37. What determines if an organism has a slow life history?
    • It has a larger body.
    • Matures slowly
    • 1 to several offspring
  38. Define Osmosis.
    The diffusions of water through a selectively permeable membrane.
  39. In a hypotonic solution, cells ______, and the internal pressure _________.
    Swell; increases
  40. In a hypertonic solution, cells ______, and the internal pressure __________.
    Shrink; decreases
  41. Define Passive Transport.
    The movement of material across the cell membrane without the use of energy.
  42. Define Active Transport.
    The movement of materials acrosse the cell membrane with the use of energy.
  43. Put the following terms in order from the largest group to the smallest group. (order, class, kingdom, family, species, phylum, genus)
    Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, species
  44. List the six kingdoms of organisms.
    Animalia, Plantae, Archeabacteria, Bacteria, Fungi, Protists

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