Biology Study Guide
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Evolution is the gradual change in the characteristics of species over time.
List the five characteristics of living things.
- Have an orderly structure.
- Change (growth and development)
- Adjust to environment
- Adapt and Evolve
List the different ways Carbon is sent to the atmosphere.
- Burning Forests
- Cellular Respiration
- Burning Fossil Fuels
- Geographical Activity
List the different ways Carbon is returned to the biotic part.
- Decomposition of animals
area where organism lives including abiotic and biotic factors
all living things in an area
all members of one species living together
What is a Climax Community?
The mature (no longer changing) community that is the end of succession
What are the differences between primary succession and secondary succession?
Secondary succesion leaves soil, while primary succession destroys everything!
Define the terms biotic and abiotic.
- Biotic: living
- Abiotic: not living
Explain exponential growth.
Exponential growth means that as a popultion gets larger, it gets faster.
Exponential growth, when shown on a graph, represents a _____ shaped curve.
What are some limiting factors for a population of organisms?
- Unusual Weather
Density-dependent factors include...
Density-dependent factors have an increasing effect on populations as it does what?
Densitiy-independent factors affects what kind of populations?
All populations regardless of size
The major threat to biodiversity is...
Introducing invasive species
What causes acid precipitation?
Pollution in the air.
Scientists hypothesize that the increase in the loss of biodiversity is due to what factors?
- Altered habitats
- Introduced species
- Climate Change
What is the difference between a threatened species and an endangered species?
- Threatened: Close to endangered
- Endangered: Closed to extinct
What is an edge effect?
The effect of the placing of environments side-by-side
What is an exotic species?
What are the building blocks of protein?
Is an enzyme a carbohydrate, protein, or lipid?
What is an organic comopund?
What subatomic particles does the nucleus of an atom contain?
Protons and Neutrons
The lower the number is on a pH scale, the ________ acid their is.
What is Cell Theory?
- All living thins have cells.
- Cells are the building blocks of living things.
- New cells are made from old cells.
List 2 types of cells that have a cell wall.
What are the difference between a prokaryotic cell and a eukaryotic cell?
- No Nucleus
- Are Bacteria
- All other kingdoms
In which type of cell would you find a chloroplast?
What is the function of the nucleus?
The nucleus contains nearly all of the cell's DNA and, withit, the coded instructions for making proteins.
Which cell organelle is responsible for maintaining homeostasis?
What is binomial nomenclature?
The science of classifying organisms
What determines if an organism has a rapid life history?
- It has a small body
- Matures Quickly
- Numerous offspring
What determines if an organism has a slow life history?
- It has a larger body.
- Matures slowly
- 1 to several offspring
The diffusions of water through a selectively permeable membrane.
In a hypotonic solution, cells ______, and the internal pressure _________.
In a hypertonic solution, cells ______, and the internal pressure __________.
Define Passive Transport.
The movement of material across the cell membrane without the use of energy.
Define Active Transport.
The movement of materials acrosse the cell membrane with the use of energy.
Put the following terms in order from the largest group to the smallest group. (order, class, kingdom, family, species, phylum, genus)
Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, species
List the six kingdoms of organisms.
Animalia, Plantae, Archeabacteria, Bacteria, Fungi, Protists
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