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Void patterns for infants, preschoolers and adults
- infants - 5 to 40 times per day
- preschool - every 2 hours
- adult - 5 to 10 times per day
What affects urinary elimination?
- neurologic and muscle development
- spinal cord damage
- volume of fluid intake
- amount of ADH from the pituitary gland
What does cloudy urine signify?
bacteria or large amounts of protein
What is the normal PH of urine?
5.5 - 7.0
bladder inflammation caused by highly concentrated urine, pathogenic bacteria, injury or instillation of an irritating substance
How often should a patient void?
every 8 hrs unless an indwelling catheter is in place
How long can urine stand without refrigeration?
Symptoms of cystitis
- dysuria (painful urination)
- foul smelling urine
- slight temperature eleveation
The types of urine specimen collection
- void specimen for urinalysis
- midstream urine specimen
- specimen from an indwelling catheter
- sterile catheterized specimen
- 24-hour specimen
- urinary collecion bag
- strained specimen
Fracture pan vs. regular bed pan
- fracture pan has a smaller surface area
- fracture pan used when patient has musculoskeletal problems
Urinary collection bag
- used to collect urine specimen from an infant or toddler
- bag that surrounds the genitals
chair with container used to catch urine or feces
- most common indwelling catheter
- aka retention catheter
- 2 lumens (drainage, inflation)
- continuous drainage
6 types of incontinence