Muscular System Quiz #2

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Author:
bbergeron
ID:
124423
Filename:
Muscular System Quiz #2
Updated:
2011-12-20 00:38:38
Tags:
Anatomy
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Description:
Test 12/20/11
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  1. Decreasing angle between two bones; "bending a joint"
    Flexion
  2. Increasing angle between two bones; "Unbending a joint"
    Extension
  3. Turning palm towards the sky
    Supination
  4. Turing palm towards the ground
    Pronation
  5. Movement away from the midline
    ABduction
  6. Movement towards the midline
    ADduction
  7. Pointing toes towards the floor
    Plantar Flexion
  8. Pulling toes up to the sky
    Dorsiflexion
  9. Turning the bottom of the foot toward the midline
    Inversion
  10. Turning the bottom of the foot to the outside
    Eversion
  11. Turning entire leg or arm so the fingers/toes face away from the body
    Lateral Rotation
  12. Turning the entire leg or arm so the fingers/toes face towards the midline
    Medial Rotation
  13. Doing "arm circles"; moving 360 degrees at a ball and socket joint (shoulder or hip)
    Circumduction
  14. The "kissing" muscle
    Orbicularis Oris
  15. Used in winking
    Orbicularis Oculi
  16. Used to form the horizontal frowm crease on the forehead or to raise your eyebrows
    Frontalis
  17. Used in smiling
    Zygomaticus
  18. Used to suck in your cheeks
    Buccinator
  19. Synergist muscle for jaw closure
    Temporalis
  20. Prime mover of jaw closure
    Masseter
  21. Prime mover of head flexion; a two-headed muscle
    Sternocleidomastoid (SCM)
  22. Wrist flexor that follows the ulna
    Flexor Carpi Ulnaris
  23. Muscle that extends the fingers
    Extensor Digitorum
  24. Muscle that flexes the fingers
    Flexor Digitorum Superficialis
  25. Muscle that allows you to bend (flex) the elbow
    Biceps Brachii
  26. Muscle that extends the elbow
    Triceps Brachii
  27. Powerful shoulder abductor, used to raise the arm overhead
    Deltoid
  28. The name means "straight muscle of the abdomen"; most superficial
    Rectus Abdominis
  29. Prime mover for shoulder flexion and adduction
    Pectoralis Major
  30. Muscle with the major responsibility for a certain movement
    Prime Mover
  31. Muscle that opposes or reverses a prime mover
    Antagonist
  32. Muscle that aids a prime mover in a movement and helps prevent rotation
    Synergist
  33. Stabilizes the origin of a prime mover
    Fixator
  34. Attachment to a immoveable bone
    Origin
  35. Attachment to an movable bone
    Insertion
  36. Name the five golden rules of gross mucle activity.
    • 1. All muscles cross at least one joint
    • 2. Bulk of muscles lies proximal to the joint crossed
    • 3. All muscles have at least 2 attachments; origin & insertion
    • 4. Muscles only pull/never push
    • 5. During contraction the muscle insertion moves toward the origin
  37. Pulls toes up towards the sky (dorsiflexion)
    Tibialis Anterior
  38. Eversion of ankle
    Fibularis Longus
  39. Thigh adduction
    Adductor Group
  40. Longest muscle, knee flexions, and lateral rotation
    Sartorius
  41. Thigh adduction near the adductor group
    Gracilis
  42. Extends the knee and flexes the hip
    Rectus Femoris
  43. A muscle of the quads that is closest to the midline and helps extends the knee and flexes the hip
    Vastus Medialis
  44. A muscle of the quads that is farest from the midline and helps extends the knee and flexes hip
    Vastus Lateralis
  45. Fibers diagonally down toward the midline, helps with "twisting" and also called "love handles"
    External Oblique
  46. Part of the abdominal muscles that is the deepest layer and fibers go straight across the abdomen in which compresses the abdominal
    Transversus Abdominis
  47. Part of the abdominal muscles that fibers go diagonally up towards the midline
    Internal Oblique
  48. Leg extension and lateral rotation
    Gluteus Maximus
  49. Abduction of the hip
    Gluteus Medius
  50. Extension and adduction of the shoulder and aids in "rowing"
    Latissimus Dorsi
  51. "Calf" muscle; plantar flexes and inverts the ankle
    Gastrocnemius
  52. Plantar flexion of the ankle
    Soleus
  53. Extends the neck and keeps your head up
    Trapezius
  54. Flexes the knee and extends the hip and is part of the hamstrings
    Biceps Femoris
  55. Lateral hamstring muscle
    Semitendinosus
  56. A type of exercise that involves:
    Endurance
    Low weights
    Increase of oxygen storage
    Increase of mitchondria
    Makes us fatigue resisant
    Aerobic
  57. A type of exercise that involves:
    Increase number of contractile filaments
    Increase muscle size
    Increase muscle strangth
    Resistance

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