Key terms-Chapter 10

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emtaglover
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124427
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Key terms-Chapter 10
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2011-12-19 03:38:36
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Paramedic
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Key terms and defintions
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  1. The available amount of solution containing a medication.
    VOLUME ON HAND
  2. The amount of drug available in solution.
    DOSAGE ON HAND
  3. Weight per volume
    CONCENTRATION
  4. Specific quantity of medication needed.
    DESIRED DOSE
  5. Standard concentration of routinely used medications.
    STOCK SOLUTION
  6. Agents used in the diagnosis, treatment, or prevention of disease.
    MEDICATIONS / DRUGS
  7. Right person
    Right drug
    Right dose
    Right time
    Right route
    Right documentation
    SIX RIGHTS OF DRUG ADMINISTRATION
  8. Measures to decrease your risk of exposure to blood and body fluids.
    STANDARD PRECAUTIONS
  9. A condition free of pathogens.
    ASEPSIS
  10. Limited to one area of the body
    LOCAL
  11. Throughout the body.
    SYSTEMIC
  12. Free of ALL forms of life.
    STERILE
  13. Careful handling to prevent contamination.
    MEDICALLY CLEAN
  14. Cleansing agent that is toxic to living tissue.
    DISINFECTANT
  15. Cleansing agent that is NOT toxic to living tissue.
    ANTISEPTIC
  16. Rigid, puncture-resistant container clearly marked as a biohazard.
    SHARPS CONTAINER
  17. Material applied to and absorbed through the skin or mucous membrane.
    TOPICAL MEDICATION
  18. Percutaneous
    Pulmonary
    Enteral
    Parenteral
    ROUTES OF DRUG ADMINISTRATION
  19. Transdermal mucous membranes
    PERCUTANEOUS ROUTES
  20. Tongue
    Eye
    Ear
    Nose
    Cheek
    MUCOUS MEMBRANES MEDICATION SITES
  21. Beneath the tongue
    SUBLINGUAL
  22. Between the cheek and gum
    BUCCAL
  23. Drug administered through the mucous membranes of the eye.
    OCULAR MEDICATION
  24. o.d. (R) eye - oculus dexter
    o.s. (L) eye - oculus sinister
    o.u. Both eyes - oculus uterque
    ABBREVIATIONS THAT DESIGNATE (R), (L), OR BOTH EYES
  25. Drug adminstered through the mucous membranes of the nose.
    NASAL MEDICATION
  26. Device that produces a fine aerosol mist that permits wide and even distribution of a medication across the nasal muscosa.
    • MEDICATION ATOMIZATION DEVICE
    • (MAD)
  27. Drug administered through the mucous membrane of the ear and ear canal.
    AURAL MEDICATION
  28. Drawing of medication into the lungs along with air during breathing.
    INHALATION
  29. Placement of medication in or under skin with a needle and syringe.
    INJECTION
  30. Metered dose inhaler
    Endotracheal tube
    Nebulizer
    PULMONARY MEDICATION MECHANISMS
  31. Inhalation aid that disperses liquid into aerosol spray or mist.
    NEBULIZER
  32. Hand-held device that produces a medicated spray for inhalation.
    METERED DOSE INHALER
  33. Lidocaine
    Vasopression
    Epinephrine
    Atropine
    Naloxone
    ENDOTRACHEAL MEDICATIONS
  34. Through the G.I. tract
    ENTERAL
  35. Gastric tube
    Oral
    Rectal
    ENTERAL ROUTES
  36. Contain liquid, dry, or beaded medication in a soluble casing.
    *For max. effect: swallow whole
    CAPSULES
  37. Comprised of medicated powder.
    Compressed into a small, solid disk.
    *May be scored to permit breaking in half or quaters for smaller doses.
    TABLETS OR PILLS
  38. Releases drug gradually as layers of the capsule/table erode.
    *MUST be swallowed whole
    ENTERIC COATED / TIME-RELEASE CAPSULES AND TABLETS
  39. Liquid medications combined with alcohol or placed in a sweetened fluid.
    ELIXIRS
  40. Medications combined with fat or oil emulsifier.
    EMULSIONS
  41. Solid forms of medication that slowly dissolve in the mouth.
    Permitting gradual swallowing.
    LOZENGES
  42. A liquid that contains small particles of solid medication.
    SUSPENSIONS
  43. Concentrated solution of sugar in water or another liquid to which a medication is added.
    SYRUPS
  44. Change in a medications chemical composition that occurs in the liver.
    HEPATIC ALTERATION
  45. Medication packaged in a soft, pliable form for insertion into the rectum.
    SUPPOSITORY
  46. A liquid bolus of medication that is injected into the rectum.
    ENEMA
  47. Concentrated mass of medication.
    BOLUS
  48. Outside of the G.I. tract
    PARENTERAL
  49. Plastic tube with which liquid medications can be drawn up, stored, and injected.
    SYRINGE
  50. Hollow metal tube used with the syringe to administer medications.
    HYPODERMIC NEEDLE
  51. The size of a needles diameter
    GAUGE
  52. Breakable glass vessel containing liquid medication.
    AMPULE
  53. Plastic or glass container with a self-sealing rubber top.
    VIAL
  54. Vial with 2 containers, one holding a powdered medication and the other holding a liquid mixing solution.
    NON-CONSTITUTED DRUG VIAL / MIX-O-VIAL
  55. Syringe packed in a tamper-proof container with the medication already in the barrel.
    PRE-FILLED / PRE-LOADED SYRINGE
  56. Parenteral medication packaged in an IV bag and administered as an IV infusion.
    MEDICATED SOLUTION
  57. Liquid medication delivered through a vein.
    INFUSION
  58. Intravenous access
    Intraosseous infusion
    INJECTIONS:
    Intradermal
    Intramuscular
    Subcutaneous
    PARENTERAL ROUTES
  59. Within the dermal layer of skin.
    INTRADERMAL
  60. The layer of loose connective tissue between the skin and muscle.
    SUBCUTANEOUS
  61. Within the muscle
    INTRAMUSCULAR
  62. Deltoid
    Dorsal gluteal
    Vastus lateralis
    Rectus femoris
    INTRAMUSCULAR INJECTION SITES
  63. Surgical puncture of a vein to deliver medication or withdraw blood.
    *Also called cannulation.
    INTRAVENOUS (IV) ACCESS
  64. Surgical puncture of a vein in the arm, leg, or neck.
    PERIPHERAL VENOUS ACCESS
  65. Surgical puncture of the internal jugular, subclavian, or femoral vein.
    CENTRAL VENOUS ACCESS
  66. Line threaded into the central circulation via a peripheral site.
    PERIPHERALLY INSERTED CENTRAL CATHETER (PICC)
  67. Chemically prepared solution tailored to the body's specific needs.
    INTRAVENOUS FLUID
  68. IV solutions containing large proteins that cannot pass through capillary membranes.
    COLLOID
  69. IV solutions that contain electrolytes but lack the larger proteins associated with colloids.
    CRYSTALLOID
  70. State in which solutions on opposite sides of a semipermeable membrane are in equal concentrations.
    ISOTONIC
  71. State in which a solution has a higher solute concentration on one side of a semipermeable membrane than on the other side.
    HYPERTONIC
  72. State in which a solution has a lower solute concentration on one side of a semipermeable membrane than on the other side.
    HYPOTONIC
  73. Hypertonic
    Isotonic
    Hypotonic
    CRYSTALLOID CLASSES
  74. Flexible, clear plastic tubing that connects the solution bag to the IV cannula.
    ADMINISTRATION TUBING
  75. Hollow needle used to puncture a vein.
    CANNULA
  76. Administration tubing that delivers a relatively small amount of fluid.
    • MICRODRIP ADMINISTRATION TUBING
    • (60 gtt/min)
  77. Administration tubing that delivers a relatively large amount of fluid.
    MACRODRIP ADMINISTRATION TUBING
  78. Sharpened-pointed device inserted into the IV solution bag's administration set port.
    SPIKE
  79. Clear, plastic chamber that allows visulazation of the the drip rate.
    DRIP CHAMBER
  80. Pace at which the fluid moves from the bag into the patient.
    DRIP RATE
  81. Device that regulates the size of drops.
    DROP FORMER
  82. Self-sealing membrane into which a hypodermic needle is inserted for drug administration.
    MEDICATION INJECTION PORT
  83. Rigid, plastic device specifically constructed to fit into the hub of an intravenous cannula.
    NEEDLE ADAPTER
  84. IV tubing used to extend a macrodrip or microdrip setup.
    EXTENSION TUBING
  85. IV setup that delivers specific volumes of fluid.
    MEASURED VOLUME ADMINISTRATION SET
  86. Calibrated chamber of Berutol IV administration tubing that enables precise measurement and delivery of fluids and medicated solutions.
    BURRETTE CHAMBER
  87. Administration tubing that contains a filter to prevent clots or other debris from entering the patient.
    BLOOD TUBING
  88. Semi-flexible catheter enclosing a sharp metal stylet.
    OVER-THE-NEEDLE CATHETER / ANGIOCATHETER
  89. Stylet that does NOT have a Teflon tube, is itself inserted into the vein and secured there.
    HOLLOW NEEDLE CATHETER
  90. Teflon catheter inserted through the needle / intracatheter.
    CATHETER INSERTED THROUGH THE NEEDLES' / INTRACATHETER
  91. Flat, rubber band used to inpede venous return and make veins easier to see.
    VENOUS CONSTRICTING BAND
  92. Leakage of fluid or medication from the blood vessel that is commonly found with infiltrations.
    EXTRAVASATION
  93. IV TROUBLESHOOTING
    • Constricting band still in place?
    • Edema at puncture site?
    • Cannula abutting vein wall or valve?
    • Administration set control valves closed?
    • IV bag too low?
    • Completely filled drip chamber?
    • Catheter patient?
  94. IV ACCESS COMPLICATIONS
    • Pain
    • Local infection
    • Pyrogenic reaction
    • Allergic reaction
    • Catheter shear puncture
    • Circulatory overload
    • Thrombophlebitis
    • Thrombus formation
    • Air embolism
    • Necrosis
    • Anticoagulants
  95. Foreign protein capable of producing fever.
    PYROGEN
  96. Foreign particle in the blood.
    EMBOLUS
  97. An excess of intravascular fluid.
    CIRCULATORY OVERLOAD
  98. Inflammation of the vein.
    THROMBOPHLEBITIS
  99. Blood clot
    THROMBUS
  100. Air in the vein.
    AIR EMBOLISM
  101. The sloughing off of dead tissue.
    NECROSIS
  102. Drug that inhibits blood clotting.
    ANTICOAGULANT
  103. Peripheral IV cannula with a distal medication port used for intermittent fluid or medication infusions.
    Saline is injected into the device to maintain it's patency.
    SALINE LOCK
  104. Peripheral IV cannula with a distal medication port used for intermittent fluid or medication infusions.
    Flushes of heparin solution, which inhibit blood coagulation, are used to maintain patency of the device.
    HEPARIN LOCK
  105. Surgically implanted port that permits repeated access to central venous circulation.
    VENOUS ACCESS DEVICE
  106. Needle that has an opening on the side of the shaft instead of the tip.
    HUBER NEEDLE
  107. Gravity-flow device that regulates fluid's passage through an electrochemical pump.
    INFUSION CONTROLLER
  108. Outside the vein.
    EXTRAVASCULAR
  109. Device that delivers fluids and medications under positive pressure.
    INFUSION PUMP
  110. Glass container with color-coded, self-sealing rubber top.
    BLOOD TUBE
  111. Device that holds blood tubes.
    VACUTAINER
  112. Long, exposed needle that screws into the vacutainer and is inserted directly into the vein.
    MULTIDRAW NEEDLE
  113. Elevated numbers of red and white blood cells.
    HEMOCONCENTRATION
  114. The destruction of red blood cells.
    HEMOLYSIS
  115. Within the bone.
    INTRAOSSEOUS
  116. A sharp, pointed instrument.
    TROCAR
  117. INTRAOSSEOUS ACCESS COMPLICATIONS
    • Fracture
    • Infilltration
    • Growth plate damage
    • Complete insertion
    • Pulmonary embolism
    • Infection
  118. FUNDAMENTAL METRIC UNITS
    • Grams - mass
    • Meters - distance
    • Liters - volume
  119. METRIC PREFIXES
    • kilo - 1,000 - (k)
    • hecto - 100 - (h)
    • deka - 10 - (D)
    • deci - 1/10 or 0.1 - (d)
    • centi - 1/100 or 0.01 - (c)
    • milli - 1/1,000 or 0.001 - (m)
    • micro -1/1,000,000 or 0.000001 - (mcg)
  120. CONVERSION OF UNITS OF MEASURE
    • BIG to small (must get LARGER)
    • Move decimal 3 places to (R)
    • small to BIG (must get smaller)
    • Move decimal 3 places to (L)
  121. Predetermined amount of medication or fluid.
    UNIT

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