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History Final CRAM NOW!
Early Zhou monarchs justified thier rule by...
Claiming they had the Mandate of Heaven.
One of the earliest South American civilizations, it is likely that the Chavin located their capital in the Andes north of the modern city of Lima to...
Gain control of key trade routs.
What is NOT and indicatior of a civilazation?
Large, well equipped armies
The most important change that took place in the Neolithic Era was...
The development of agriculture.
What are the criteria for "civilization"?
Control of a geographic area as a means of power
The Neolithic era is associated with...
The rise of agriculture
Scholars feel that early domestication of animals provided....
milk, labor, wool and hides, meat, but NOT objects of worship
Metal working in the late Neolithic period was used for...
Decoration or in ceremonies
The Mandate of Heaven meant that the ruler retained the right to rule as long as...
He remained a wise and principled guardian of his people
The Chinese political system that relied primarily on strict laws and punishments to compel people to behave is called...
Why was Chavin de Huantar's location pivotal in its success?
The rich farmland produced enormous agricultural surpluses
The only domesticated beast of burden in the Andean region was the...
The Late Bronze Age in the Middle East was a "cosmopolitan era" because....
It was primarily an urban-based society
Transportation in western Asia was revolutionized in the Later Bronze Age by the introduction of the...
What is NOT a characteristic of Buddhism?
It demanded frequent sacrifices of small animals
What purpose did Ashoka's famous stone pillars serve?
They were inscribed with his belief in nonviolence, morality, moderation, and religious tolerance both in government and in private life
What best describes INdia's role in the global trade network prior to 600 C.E.?
India was the central crossroad of trade routes linking various areas of Asia
The region of Southeast Asia first rose to prominence and prosperity because....
Of its intermediary role in the trade between southern and eastern Asia
What goods did the Chinese want to import via the Silk Roads?
A variety of western goods, particulary horses
The monsoon winds that facilitate sailing across the Indian Ocean were said to be discoverd by...
The Greek Hippalus
Evidence for the south-to-north adoption of the camel use comes from...
What is NOT one of the Five Pillars of Islam?
Fighting in the Holy War, or Jihad
The competion among the states in the Warring States Period resulted in...
The creation of the first empire under the Qin state
What is NOT generally considered a contributing factor to the fall of the Han Empire?
The subversive ideas of Buddhism
Buddhism and Jainism gained popularity in the late Vedic period because...
They offered insight or enlightenment as a path to salvation instead of rituals
The Mauryan government united much of India after...
The death of Alexander the Great
The Mauryan leader Ashoka converted to Buddhism and became a unique leader because....
He was overwhelmed by the brutality of his early conquests
One of the most important contributions made by Gupta intellectuals was the...
concept of zero
There was a rivial of Hinduism including the emergence of the classical form of Hundu temples during which era?
The Gupta Empire collasped in 550 C.E when....
After invasions by the White Huns of Central Asia
Southeast Asia first rose to prominence because...
it was an intermediary in reginal trade
The first major Southeast Asian center, Funan, dominaed what key location for trade?
The ISthmus of Kra
The Indian Ocean Maritime System forged economic and social ties between....
East Africa, Arabia, India, China, and SE Asia
Ships in the Indian Ocean Maritime System were better prepared for long-distance travel than the Greeks because...
They could take advantage of monsoon winds to drive their ships
Which animal was most important to Saharan transportation?
The most convincing evieence indicates that camels were introduced to the Sahara from...
The importance of trans-Saharan trade was that it...
Connected North and South Africa
The Silk Road and Indian Ocean trade fostered the spread of which religions?
What was the Investiture controversy?
A conflict between popes and kings regarding control of ecclesiastical offices.
The term "investiture controversy" refers to the...
struggle for control of ecclesiastical appointments.
The Council of Clermount in 1095 brought
Pope Urban II's call for the First Crusade
What is NOT true about the Crusades?
Prior to the Crusades, Muslim leaders generally protected Christian pilgrims.
One early Russian chronicle reports that Vladimir I chose Orthodox Christianity over Islam because
he knew that Islams forbade alcohol consumption.
As time went on, armored knighthhood
was limited to those with revenue from land.
In western Europe, the primary centers for agricultural productioin were
self-sufficient framing estates known as manors.
Schisms, the foremost threat to the Christian church in the Middle Ages, were
formal divisions over differences in doctrine
To facilitate communication and trade between northern and southern China, the Sui bilt the
What was NOT one of the reasons for the fall of the Sui dynasty?
Adherence to Buddhism
What was the political influence of Buddhism in the Tang Empire?
It enchouraged the leader to weld the peol einmto a harmonious society.
The Tang Empire declined when
political decay and military decline underminded the social order
Among scientific observations by Song intellectuals was
the explosion o fthe Crab Nebula in 1054
Which are important technological innovations of the Song Empire?
The stern-mounted rudder, high quality steel, and gunpowder
Durint the Song period, women experienced subordination and social restriction, epitomized by
The great gift of Champa to Song China was
The benefit of Chinampas was:
year-round agriculture was possible
The Aztecs formed their empire by
ruthlessly conquering other peoples
Andean civilization was
isolated and mountainous
Llamas and alpacas were valued by the Incas for
wool, food, and transportation
How did the INca ensure the loyalty of defeated regions?
by forcing the heirs of defeated rulers to live in the royal court
The important family structure in Andean civilzation was the
Moche civilization was