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What major event happened in October, 1777?
Name this event:
-Turning point in the Revolutionary War
-Battle between Britain + Continental Army
Battle of Saratoga
Who won the battle of Saratoga?
America won over British army. Britain surrendered.
What was the battle of Yorktown?
French landed to help America in their battle with the British. Cornwallis surrendered to the French. Last major battle of RW.
Who was involved in the battle of Yorktown?
- General Cornwallis-US
- The French Army
When was the battle of Yorktown?
When was Shay's Rebellion?
1785, after the battle of Yorktown
What was Shay's Rebellion?
Loyalist didn't get paid money back from the government screwing them over for not paying them back.
Where was Shay's Rebellion?
When was the Annapolis convention?
Who was involved with the Annapolis Convention?
States and congress
States talking about trade issues but it all comes down to the failure of national authority. what is this?
The Annapolis Convention
What is one result of the Annapolis Convention?
Another meeting should take place in the summer with all the states to discuss ways to adjust Articles of Confederation.
The Annapolis Convention
WHo was involved in the Philadelphia Convention of 1787?
Congress, States, GW, HAM, MADI
Who was most important in the Philadelphia Convention?
-Adjusting the A of C
-Meeting for everyone to say w/e they want. no one hears about it.
-Start from scratch
What is this?
Philadelphia Convention of 1787
Bases on representation in Congress for states.
When was the Great Compromise?
After the Annapolis Convention when they started from scratch.
Cutting the government in half was a result of what?
What were the branches of the government after the Great Compromise?
House of Representatives and Senate
-Rep. chosen by people of the state
-2 yr terms
-States have power
House of Representatives
-Rep. chosen by state legislature
-6 yr terms
When was the Judiciary act?
What is the 3/5ths Compromise?
- Slave states-want to count slaves as population. if they do more people will vote and they will get more representation
- Non-slave states-don't want slaves to vote because slave states would have more people. and they would have less representation in Congress.
Who are Federalist?
People who support the New Constitution
People who DO NOT support the New Constitution. but they support the Articles of Confederation
What are the Federalist Papers?
Articles written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay. Based on comments, letters and articles from the people after the announcement of the Constitution.
First election for Congress under the Constitution.
Who was first president in 1788?
What was the purpose of the Bill of Rights?
To give individual rights, adding them to the Constitution.
When was the Bill of Rights added onto the Constitution?
What role did Jefferson have on the Bill of Rights?
Thomas Jefferson wanted the Bill of Rights because he believed the Constitution was too strict and we needed individual rights that CANNOT be questioned by the gov.
Who was in the first cabinet? and what were their positions?
- Jefferson-Sec. of State
- Knox-Sec. of War
Who was en-charge of handling the National Debt?
4 points of Hamiltons plan
- -Funding national debt
- -whisky tax
- -get congress to charter national bank
When was the Whisky Rebellion?
Why was there a Whisky Rebellion?
Farmers didn't want to pay taxes because they didn't want a tax on whisky.
Who did the whiskey rebellion involve?
What did the proposed National Bank have to offer?
Lender to regional banks, regulates money
List some powers of the Constitution.
- Enumerated Powers-the powers that actually listed in the const.
- Implied Powers-powers not written into the const. powers that were assumed in situations.
French and America fight against authorities. Wanted liberty and Freedom. Americans remain neutral and French say they can do carring trading instead of getting involved.
Rep. from France to persuade Washington to gain Alliance with the French. Who is this?
When was the French Revolution?
Describe the Jay Treaty
Americans wanted to confirm neutrality with the french so they send John Jay (first SC justice) to France.
When was the Jay Treaty?
2nd Election of 1796
3 French men approach James Monroe and say you cannot talk to our boss without a bribe. (this is disrespectful of France to US)
what does the XYZ affair lead to?
A number of laws, aka 'Alien & Sedition Acts' 1798
Describe the Louisiana Purchase
Jefferson sends Robert Livingston to see if Napoleon would sell New Orleans. Napoleon said they would have to buy New Orleans and Louisiana Purchase
When was the Louisiana Purchase?
2 Unknowns of the Louisiana Purchase
- -No one knows how big it really is
- -No one knows what's there
Lewis & Clark
L&C go accross the louisiana purchase to see what is out there. They go to Rocky's and back. 1804-1806
French navy was looking for desserters but instead they shot the Chessapeake (US navy ship) and stole 4 Americans and took them back to France.
Who were the most prominent WarHawks?
What purpose did the WarHawks serve?
WarHawks wanted war with Britain.
war of 1812
british tried to conquer New Orleans and America wouldn't let them
WHo was the Hero after the war of 1812? and why?
Andrew Jackson. The peace treaty had already been signed when the war ended so it looked like AJ was a hero because US won against the British.
John C. Calhoun
is a buzz kill for 1812 high feeling. says US wasn't ready for the war, 'we just got lucky'
3 Policies for the American System
- -Internal Improvement-roads, etc.
- - Protective Tariff-tax on imported manu. goods
- -National Representation-national bank
- -4th president
- -2nd national bank
- -5th president
- -creates 2 national banks
The first big economic down turn is...
Financial crisis of 1819
Missouri applies to become a state. (enough people and const. written up). Issues of it being a slave state or not because it could tip off the representative balance in Congress.
Says that a state that is below the lat line of 36/30 is to be a slave state, and the states above it are non-slave states. Missouri becomes a state.
states that GB want to redo Spanish colonies but America announces it first.
Trail of Tears
Fight over Cherokee in GA. they find gold in GA and they don't want Cherokee to have it so they send them away. Cherokee go to Oklahoma, they get there and they are dissappointed (trail of tears).
South Carolina Exposition & Protest
- Author-Slave owner
- states that:-a state has the power to nullify a law that is unconst.
- SC nullifies
- -force bill
Slave in VA that owns abolitionist literature. killed.
William Lloyd Garrison
Author of the Liberator. -abolitionist newpaper
-it's aimed @ slave owners to persuade them to think that Slavery is IMMORAL.
2nd Great Awakening
- 2nd great awakening Traveling Preacher
- -keeping sabbath day holy
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