Pharm final review
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therapeutic range for phenobarbitol
What drug is used to treat a systemic fungal infection?
What test is used to determine diabetic compliance over time?
normal range for HbA1c
Major adverse effects of lasix (ferosemide)
What is the test for PT/INR for?
What is a normal range for PT/INR?
2-3 x control
What is the test aPTT for?
what is the normal range for aPTT?
1.5-2.5 x control
What is tamoxifen for?
- breast cancer
- breast cancer risk reduction
- fertility therapy
Give a few examples of aminoglycosides
Adverse effects/effects of epinephrine
adverse effects of acyclovir
- visual abnormalities
What is the lab to determine the kind of pathogen is causing an infection?
adverse effects of glucocorticoids
- increased infection risk
- elevated blood sugar
- mood changes
What drug class addresses "irritability" of the heart muscle?
calcium channel blockers
adverse effects of flagyl (metronidazole)
- metallic taste
H&H, RBC, and platelet count all correspond to wanting to know what?
what are "statins"
HmG-CoA Reductase inhibitors
what do statins treat?
what are the normal digoxin levels?
Adverse effects of dilantin (phenytoin)
- decrease in atrial/ventricular conduction
- gingival hyperplasia
Give some examples of cephalosporins
what is the dilantin range?
what tests are often done to determine kidney function? Which is most definitive
- BUN and Creatinine
Adverse effects of beta blockers
- loss of sexual drive
MOA: beta blockers
- decrease HR
- Increase contractibility of heart
- dilate blood vessels
what are the uses for oxytocin
- initiate labor
- stimulate contractions to deliver placenta/stop uterine bleeding
- stimulates let down of milk
What are the two most common causes of hypothyroidism?
- underproduction of hormones
- surgical removal of thyroid
what kind of insulin can NEVER be mixed with any other?
What is the biggest advantage of using glargine (Lantis) over other insulins?
once a day at night provides all day control
normal values for potassium chloride?
Nursing considerations when giving potassium chloride?
- must be on a pump, bolus
- no more than 10 mEq/hr
- watch for dysrhythmias
Why might someone be getting TPN?
- can't have anything on stomach
- acute pancreatitis: to rest GI
nursing considerations when administering TPN
- central line is best
- monitor blood sugars and give insulin on sliding scale
what foods contain ferrous sulfate?
What vitamin is common to supplement when supplementing ferrous sulfate?
nursing considerations for a pt getting ferrous sulfate
- give on empty stomach
- black stool
- if IV: give test dose and keep epinephrine bedside
- conjunctival sac
pernicous anemia is what kind of deficiency?
Lithium is used to treat?
what should be monitored by nurse for a pt on lithium
- lithium levels
- sodium levels
Elovil (amitriptyline) is used to treat?
amitriptyline is in what class?
What is the major side effect of tricyclics?
what important teaching consideration should the nurse remember to tell pt when they start amitriptyline?
that it takes 2-3 weeks to reach therapeutic levels
dilantin is used to treat?
what are the nursing considerations for administering dilantin
- normal saline only: IV
- 15 mg/min max
- crystalizes in other solutions
Valium is used to treat?
- pre-op for conscious sedation
what is the most common side effect of valium?
what class is valium in?
how are glucocorticoids used to treat asthma?
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