Pharmacology.txt

Card Set Information

Author:
heatherrobinson444
ID:
124698
Filename:
Pharmacology.txt
Updated:
2011-12-21 23:21:51
Tags:
pharmacology
Folders:

Description:
everything for final
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user heatherrobinson444 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. 1 oz________=mL
    30mL
  2. 1 t__________=mL
    5mL
  3. 1 kg________= lb
    2.2 lb
  4. 1 in_________=cm
    2.5cm
  5. Write__________for unit
    unit
  6. Write_____________for international unit
    International Unit
  7. Write_________for daily
    daily
  8. Write____________for every other day
    every other day
  9. Which is correct 2.0 or 2?
    2
  10. Which is correct .5 or 0.5?
    0.5
  11. Write________for morphine sulfate
    Morphine sulfate
  12. Write____________for magnesium sulfate
    magnesium sulfate
  13. Write__________for greater than
    greater than
  14. Write_____________for less than
    Less than
  15. Should you use abbreviations for drug names or write them in full?
    Write them in full.
  16. True or false: It's okay to use apothecary units instead of metric.
    False: Always use metric units.
  17. Use at or @ in nursing notes?
    At
  18. Abbreviation for milliliters
    mL
  19. Notation for micrograms
    mcg or micrograms
  20. What is the correct way of of dilluting peroxide?
    Make it 1/2 strength with saline solution. One part peroxide 2 parts saline solution.
  21. What is the percentage of saline in normal saline solution
    0.9%
  22. Normal Saline can be shown as____________, as well, in nursing notes.
    • S
    • NS
    • NaCl

    Its also called sodium chloride
  23. LR, RL
    • Lactated Ringers
    • Ringers Lactated

    • same as isotonic solution
    • Also called sodium chloride, sodium lactate, potassium chloride
  24. D5NS
    5% dextrose in normal saline 0.9%
  25. D5 1/2 NS
    • 5% dextrose in 0.45% normal saline
    • Hypotonic solution
  26. D5 1/4 NS
    5% Dextrose in 0.225% normal saline

    Hypotonic solution
  27. D5 LR
    5% Dextrose with lactated ringers
  28. What is the highest percentage of potassium chloride given in IV?
    40% because it can be dangerous even fatal, & person needs to be monitored
  29. IV given for fluid replacement is called
    Primary or first IV
  30. Secondary tubing is given when?
    Administering meds
  31. Only IV solution that can be given with blood is?
    • 0.9% Normal Saline
    • Because anything else will clot up the blood
  32. Tonicity & osmolarity are terms to describe?
    • Serum concentrations for IV's
    • They are measured in milliOsmols per Liter or mOsm/L
  33. In terms of tonicity or osmolarity isotonic IV fluids can be described as having
    The same tonicity & osmolarity as blood and other body serum
  34. In terms of tonicity or osmolarity hypotonic IV fluids can be described as having
    Lower tonicity & osmolarity as blood & other body serum
  35. In terms of tonicity or osmolarity hypertonic IV fluids can be described as having
    More tonicity & osmolarity as blood & other body serum
  36. When blood is administered a standard blood set or ______________blood set is commonly used.
    Y type
  37. The "Y" in Y type blood set refers to the two spikes that are attached where?
    Above the drip chamber. One spike is attached to the blood container and the other spike is attached to the normal saline
  38. How is Normal Saline used when administering blood
    To dillute packed cells and to flush the IV tubing at the beginning & at the end of the transfusion
  39. Time conversion
    • 1am=0100 1pm=1300
    • 2am=0200 2pm=1400
    • 3am=0300 3pm=1500
    • 4am=0400 4pm=1600
    • 5am=0500 5pm=1700
    • 6am=0600 6pm=1800
    • 7am=0700 7pm=1900
    • 8am=0800 8pm=2000
    • 9am=0900 9pm=2100
    • 10am=1000 10pm=2200
    • 11am=1100 11pm=2300
    • 12pm=1200 12am=0000
  40. Pharmacokinetics
    Refers to activities within the body after a drug is administered. These activities include absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion. Another pharmacokinetic component is the half-life(a measure of the rate at which drugs are removed from the body)
  41. Pharmacogenomics
    the search for genetic variations associated with drug efficiency.
  42. Drug-Food interactions
    • Drugs needed to be taken on empty stomach are given 1 hr before or 2 hrs after a meal
    • Drugs causing nausea,vomitting or epigastric distress are best given with food
  43. The rights of drug administration
    • 1.Right patient
    • 2.Right drug
    • 3.Right dose
    • 4.Right route
    • 5.Right time
    • 6.Right documentation
  44. Schedule I Drugs
    • Drugs that have a high potential for abuse and no acceptible medical use
    • heroin mescaline
    • LSD peyote
    • Marijuana psilocybin
    • methaqualone
  45. Schedule II Drugs
    Drugs with high potential for abuse but accepted medical use.High risk of physical and psychological dependance

    • Opium,hydromorphone,
    • morphine,methadone hydrochloride,
    • hydromorphone hydrochloride,secobarbital,
    • meperidine hydrochloride,pentobarbital,
    • codeine,dextroamphetamine (phosphate or sulfate),
    • oxycodone,cocaine,
    • amphetamine (ADD/ADHD meds) (phosphate or sulfate)
  46. Schedule III Drugs
    Medically acceptable drugs that may cause dependency but are less prone to abuse than other schedules

    paregoric,proxyphene,testosterone,ethylestrenol,butabarbital, acetaminophen with codeine
  47. Schedule IV Drugs
    • Med. accep drugs that may cause mild phys & psych dep.
    • phenobarbital,diazepam,oxazepam,flurazepam hydrochloride,chloral hydrate,fenfluramine hydrochloride,chlodiazepoxide,lorazepam,
    • alprazolam,benzodiazepines,meprobamate,temazepam
  48. Schedule V Drugs
    Med. accep drugs with limited potential for causing mild phys or psych dependence.

    • OTC cough medications with codeine
    • antidiarrheal medications with paregoric
    • Lomotil (diphenoxylate hydrochloride with atropine sulfate)
  49. Pregnancy category A
    Adequate, well-controlled studies in pregnant women have not shown an increased risk of fetal abnormalities to the fetus in any trimester of pregnancy.
  50. Pregnancy Category B
    • Animal studies have revealed no evidence of harm to the fetus, however, there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.
    • OR
    • Animal studies have shown an adverse effect, but adequate and well-controlled studies in prenant women have failed to demonstrate a risk to the fetus in any trimester.
  51. Pregnancy Category C
    • Animal studies have shown an adverse effect and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.
    • OR
    • No animal studies have been conducted and there are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women.
  52. Pregnancy Category D
    • Adequate well-controlled or observational studies in pregnant women have demonstrated a risk to the fetus.
    • However, the benefits of therapy may outweigh the potential risk. For example, the drug may be acceptable if needed in a life-threatening situation or serious disease for which safer drugs cannot be used or are ineffective
  53. Pregnancy Category X
    Adequate well-controlled or observational studies in animals or pregnant women have demonstrated positive evidence of fetal abnormalities or risks. The use of the product is contraindicated in women who are or may become pregnant.
  54. IV solution tonicity
    • 0.9% Normal Saline
    • 0.25% Isotonic solution
    • 0.45% Hypotonic
  55. Chemical name of drug
    gives the exact chemical makeup of the drug and placing of the atoms or molecular structure; the chemical name is not capitalized
  56. Generic name of drug
    name given to a drug before it becomes official; may be used in all countries, by all manufacturers; the generic name is not capitalized
  57. Official name
    Name listed in The United States Pharmacopeia-National Formulary; may be the same as the generic name
  58. Trade Name (brand name)
    Name that is registered by the manufacturer and is followed by the trademark symbol; the name can be used only by the manufacturuer; a drug may have several trade names, depending on the number of mufacturers; the first letter of the trade name is capitalized.
  59. Half-Life
    refers to the time required for the body to eliminate 50% of a drug
  60. Onset of action
    time between administration of the drug and onset of its therapeutic effect
  61. Peak concentration
    When absorption rate equals the elimination rate (not always the time of peak response)
  62. Duration of action
    Length of time the drug produces a therapeutic effect
  63. IV solution formula
    Volume/Time x Drop factor

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview