Driver's Ed 1

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Driver's Ed 1
2011-12-22 15:24:01
Driver Ed

Unit 1
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  1. Wha are the 3 parts of the HTS?
    People- walking, driving, riding (also called roadway users)

    Vehicles- Mopeds, motorcycles, cars, tractor-semitrailer, buses, campers

    Radways- dirt lanes, complex multilane expressways, conditions: rain, nighttime, rough pavement
  2. What is the driving task?
    The driving task is all social, phiysical, and mental skills required to drive.
  3. What are the 3 skills necessary to complete the driving tas? (explain each)
    Social skills- interactions with other drivers

    Physical skills- the skill needed to manuever the car smoothly

    Mental skills- needed for making dcisions by using the IPDE process
  4. What does IPDE mean?



  5. What is Identify?
    Important information in the ongoing driving scene.
  6. What is Predict?
    When and where possible points of conflict will develop.
  7. What is Decide?
    When, where, and how to communicate, adjust speed, and/or change position to avoid conflict.
  8. What is Execute?
    The right actions to present conflict.
  9. What is the most important cause of traffic collisions?
    Driver error is the most important cause of traffic collisions.
  10. What are 3 other causes of collisions?
    *Following another vehicle too closely

    *Driving too fast for conditions

    *Not wearing safety belt
  11. What are the 8 shapes of roadway signs?
    1. circle

    2. rectangle

    3. octagon

    4. triangle

    5. diamond

    6. pennant

    7. square

    8. pentagon
  12. What are the 8 colors of roadway signs?
    1. red

    2. orange

    3. yellow green

    4. blue

    5. yellow

    6. black

    7. brown

    8. green
  13. What are the 3 types of roadway signs and what does each type mean?
    Warning sign- for traffic regulation

    Regulatory sign- for speed regulation

    Guide sign- for direction
  14. What does broken yellow lines mean?
    passing allowed
  15. What does solid yellow lines mean?
    no passing allowed
  16. What does broken white lines mean?
    Separate lanes of traffic that are moving in the same direction. You may cross these broken white lines when changing lanes.
  17. What does solid white lines mean?
    Restricts lane changing and means you should not cross them. It also helps you see at night and mark pedestrian crosswalks and stop lines.
  18. What does the basic speed law mean?
    The basic speed law means the law stating that you may not drive faster than is safe and prudent for existing conditions, regardless of posted speed limits.
  19. What is advisory speed limit?
    Speed limit set for special conditions such as sharp curves.
  20. List the 3 places that you would stop at an intersection marked by a stop sign?
    1. stop line

    2. before enterng the crosswalk

    3. before entering the intersection
  21. What does downshifting mean?
    Shifting from a higer to a lower gear.
  22. What does separating hazards mean?
    Process of adjusting the speed of a vehicle to handle one hazard at a time when two or more hazards threaten a driver.
  23. What does compromising hazards mean?
    Reduce risk by giving as much space as possisble to the greater of two or more hazards.
  24. What are the most important actions you execute as a safe driver?
    Controlling speed, steer, and communicate
  25. What does selective seeing mean?
    Identifying and selecting only those clues and events that restrict your line of sight or can change your intended path of travel.
  26. What does an orderly visual search pattern mean?
    Process of searching critical areas in a regular sequence.
  27. What does implied consent mean?
    States that anyone who recieves a driver's license automatically consents to be tested for blood-alcohol content and other drugs if stopped for suspicion of drug use while driving.
  28. What kind of task is safe, low-risk driving?
    Mental task
  29. Graduated driver licensing programs?
    *usually are completed in three licensing stages

    *are conducted worldwide

    *have resulted in fewer collisions among young drivers
  30. What is protectng yourself and others from dangerous and unexpected situations?
    Defensive driving
  31. When applied to driving, what is the term that means the possibility of having a conflict that result in a collision?
  32. Made of people, vehicles, and roadways.
    Highway transportation system
  33. Federal and state laws that regulate the HTS.
    Vehicle Code
  34. Contact between two or more objects, as when two vehicles hit each other.
  35. Organized method designed to help drivers develop good seeing habits.
    Smith System
  36. Method for managing the space around your vehicle.
    Zone control system
  37. Program requiring young drivers to progress through a series of licensing stages
    Graduated driver licensing program
  38. All the skills- social, physical, and mental - required to drive.
    Driving task
  39. What does a round traffic sign mean?
    Railroad crossing
  40. A construction zone sign is what color?
  41. What do two solid yellow center lines on a two-lane highway indicate?
    No passing from either way
  42. What signal is used at heavy traffic intersections to tell people who are walking whether they should proceed or wait?
    A pedestrian signal
  43. What do international signals use rather than words?
    International symbols
  44. What is a lane on a busy street that helps drivers make safer mid-block left turns called?
    Shared left-turn lane
  45. What sign controls traffic?
    A traffic sign
  46. Sign that alerts you to possible hazards and road coditions
    Warnin sign
  47. Signal that alerts drivers to dangerous conditions or tell them to stop
    Flashing signal
  48. Sign set on roadways like primary highways and expressways to keep traffic moving safely
    Minimum speed limit
  49. Signal, usually overhead, that tells whether a lane can or cannot be used at a specific time
    Lane signal
  50. Speed limits set for special conditions such as sharp curves
    Advisory speed limits
  51. Sign that gives directions
    Guide sign
  52. What are found on a vehicle's instrument panel?
  53. When entering a vehicle from the street side, you should...
    * be ready to unlock the door

    * walk around the front of the vehicle toward theback

    * get in quickly, then clse and lock the door
  54. When starting an automatic transmission vehicle, the selector level should be in...
    Park-P or Neutral-N
  55. The friction point is the point...
    Whre the vehicle starts to move
  56. The... pedal in a stickshift vehicle enables a driver to shift gears.
  57. Compartment mounted between front seats in a vehicle
  58. Device on the instrument panel indicating the total number of miles the vehicle has been driven
  59. Stationary object appearing in the distance in the center of your intended path of travel.
  60. Shifting from a higher to lower gear
  61. Device that shows the different driving gears and the one being used.
    Shift indicator
  62. Padded devices on the backs of front seats that help reduce whiplash injuries in a collision.
    Head restraints
  63. Which risk factor is contributed by the roadway and environment?
    Bright sun
  64. Six areas of space around a vehicle that are the width of a lane and extend as far as the driver can see
  65. Peripheral vision refers to the area you can see
    to the left an right of cenral vision
  66. Glancing continually and quickly through your orderly visual search pattern
  67. An open zone is space where you can drive without a restriction to your... or to your intended path of travel
    Line of sight
  68. Making quick glances to the roadway in front of your vehicle
    Ground viewing
  69. Almost every... you make as a driver will be related to anticipating zone changes and looking for alternative paths of travel.
  70. Area as far ahead as you can see a target in the center of your intended path, and to its right and left.
    Target area range
  71. Space where you can drive without restriction to your line of sight or intended path of travel
    Open zone
  72. Cone-shaped area of up to 10 degrees in which you can see clearly while looking straight ahead
    Central vision
  73. One of six areas of space around a vehicle that is the width of a lane and extends as far as the driver can see
  74. All the area a person can see while looking straight ahead
    Field of vision
  75. Side vision area to the left and right of central vision
    Peripheral vision
  76. Process of adjusting the speed of a vehicle to handle one hazard at a time when two or more hazards threaten a driver.
    Separate the hazards