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memory for specific information. the information may be autobiographical or refer to general knowledge
memory of how to perform tasks. memory that is suggested but no plainly expressed--people do know but don't state clearly.
repeating information until information activation of a memory is easly enough to make without making a huge effort.
the tendency to recall the first and last items in a series
grouping stimuli in a group that is percieved as a discrete piece of information. the average person is comfortable with chunking 7 numbers a clip
tip of the tongue phenomenon
- the feeling that information can be stored in memory althought it cannot be readily retrieved.
- reflects incomplete or imperfect learning
- often retrieve information that is closed to the actual information being sought--sound the same or look the same.
- an extension of context-dependent memory
- information that is retrieved in the physiological or emotional state in which it was encoded and stored or learned.
- we retrieve information when we are moods that are similar to the moods we were experiencing when we learned the information.
- easiest memory task
- realizing that you have experienced a piece of information before
retrieval or reconstruction of learned material
- a measure of information retention
- material usually relearned more quickly than it is learned
- learningspanish when your in high school may make relearning spanish when you are much older
- interference of new learning with the ability to retrieve material learned previously
- memorizing the leg bones make make it harder to recall the arm bones. (new info is blocking the old info being recalled)
- interference by old learning with the ability to retrieve information learned recently
- (old info is blocking new information from being learned)
- enhanced efficiency in synaptic transmission that follows brief, rapid stimulation
- when you are conditioned to a stimuli, you release more serotonin
- in effect, transmission at these synapses becomes more efficient as trials (learning) progress
- kinda like your weeding a path over and over again until the path becomes trodden down
hippocampus and memory
does not become mature until we are 2 yrs old. we cant remember things before then because our hippocampuses are not fully developed.
- studied memory
- tested himself to see how long he could remember lists.
- formulated a forgetting curve
- demonstrated that one could study memory scientifically
when we mentally represent information as a picture
representing stimuli in terms of their meaning
mentally representing information as a sequence of sounds
form of visual encoding
- the mood youre in affects the type of memories you are best able to recall
- i.e bad mood=bad memories