Foundation Spanish.csv

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Foundation Spanish.csv
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  1. Key endings: words ending in -ible and -able are pronounced differently but often have the same meaning.
  2. possible
    posible
  3. probable
    probable
  4. it is
    es
  5. It is possible.
    Es posible.
  6. It is probable.
    Es probable.
  7. It is terrible.
    Es terrible.
  8. It is acceptable.
    Es aceptable.
  9. for me
    para mí
  10. for you
    para usted
  11. It is for me.
    Es para mí.
  12. Use ‘no’ to make negative sentences.
  13. It is not.
    No es.
  14. It is not for you.
    No es para usted.
  15. It is not for you; it is for me.
    No es para usted; es para mí.
  16. It is not possible for me.
    No es posible para mí.
  17. It is possible for you.
    Es posible para usted.
  18. It is acceptable for me.
    Es aceptable para mí.
  19. You can ask a question using inflection.
  20. It is acceptable for you.
    Es aceptable para usted.
  21. Is it acceptable for you?
    ¿Es aceptable para usted?
  22. Isn’t it acceptable for you?
    ¿No es aceptable para usted?
  23. why
    ¿por qué?
  24. Why isn’t it acceptable for you?
    ¿Por qué no es aceptable para usted?
  25. Inflection is not necessary if you use a question word like ‘why’
    (¿por qué?).
  26. like that / that way
    así
  27. It is like that.
    Es así.
  28. It is not like that.
    No es así.
  29. It is not possible that way.
    No es posible así.
  30. It is not acceptable for me that way.
    No es aceptable para mí así.
  31. Why isn’t it acceptable for you that way?
    ¿Por qué no es aceptable para usted así?
  32. -o verb ending expresses ‘I’, so there’s no need to use the
  33. Spanish for ‘I’ (yo). If you do use ‘yo’, then it makes it more emphatic: ‘I am sorry’.
  34. I’m sorry (I feel it)
    lo siento
  35. I’m sorry but…
    Lo siento, pero…
  36. I’m sorry but it is not
    Lo siento, pero no es aceptable
  37. acceptable for me that way.
    para mí así.
  38. I’m sorry but it is not possible that way.
    Lo siento, pero no es posible así.
  39. Key endings: English -ent and -ant endings become -ente and -ante in Spanish.
  40. different
    diferente
  41. important
    importante
  42. It is important for me.
    Es importante para mí.
  43. It is not different that way.
    No es diferente así.
  44. It is very good.
    Es muy bueno.
  45. It is not very good.
    No es muy bueno.
  46. It is not very different that way.
    No es muy diferente así.
  47. But it is very important for me.
    Pero es muy importante para mí.
  48. There isonly one stressed syllable per word in Spanish. When a word ends in a vowel, the stress will usually be on the penultimate syllable, so ‘importante’.
  49. restaurant
    restaurante
  50. I have
    tengo
  51. Remember: -o verb ending expresses ‘I’
  52. I don’t have
    no tengo
  53. I have it.
    Lo tengo.
  54. I don’t have it.
    No lo tengo.
  55. I want
    quiero
  56. I want it.
    Lo quiero.
  57. I don’t want it that way.
    No lo quiero así.
  58. I need
    necesito
  59. I need it.
    Lo necesito.
  60. I don’t need it.
    No lo necesito.
  61. now
    ahora
  62. ‘h’ is not pronounced in Spanish.
  63. I want it but I don’t need it now.
    Lo quiero pero no lo necesito ahora.
  64. constant
    constante
  65. evident
    evidente
  66. urgent
    urgente
  67. ‘g’ before ‘e’ and ‘i’ is pronounced like ‘ch’, as in Scottish ‘loch’.
  68. It is very urgent.
    Es muy urgente.
  69. I need it now; it is very urgent.
    Lo necesito ahora; es muy urgente.
  70. you have
    tiene, Usted tiene
  71. What?
    ¿Qué?
  72. What do you have?
    ¿Qué tiene?
  73. meWhatnow?do you have for
    ¿Qué tiene para mí ahora?
  74. You have it.
    Lo tiene.
  75. Do you have it?
    ¿Lo tiene?
  76. You don’t have it.
    No lo tiene.
  77. Don’t you have it?
    ¿No lo tiene?
  78. Don’t you have it for me now?
    ¿No lo tiene para mí ahora?
  79. Why don’t you have it for me now, because I need it now?
    ¿Por qué no lo tiene para mí ahora, porque lo necesito ahora?
  80. because
    porque
  81. I want
    quiero
  82. I don’t want it.
    No lo quiero.
  83. you want
    quiere
  84. What do you want?
    ¿Qué quiere?
  85. You want it.
    Lo quiere.
  86. Do you want it?
    ¿Lo quiere?
  87. Why don’t you want it that way?
    ¿Por qué no lo quiere así?
  88. to know
    saber
  89. I want to know.
    Quiero saber.
  90. I don’t want to know.
    No quiero saber.
  91. I want to know why you don’t have it for me now.
    Quiero saber por qué no lo tiene para mí ahora.
  92. I can
    puedo
  93. you can
    puede
  94. to do / to make
    hacer
  95. to do like that
    hacer así
  96. ‘c’ before ‘e’ and ‘i’ (for example, hacer) is pronounced ‘th’ in Castilian Spanish, butin Latin America and someparts of in it is pronounced ‘s’.
  97. What do you want to do now?
    ¿Qué quiere hacer ahora?
  98. When a word ends in a consonant, the stress will be placed on the last syllable.
  99. to eat
    comer
  100. something
    algo
  101. I want something.
    Quiero algo.
  102. I have something for you.
    Tengo algo para usted.
  103. I want to eat.
    Quiero comer.
  104. I want to eat something now.
    Quiero comer algo ahora.
  105. I am hungry.
    Tengo hambre.
  106. I want to eat something now because I’m hungry.
    Quiero comer algo ahora porque
  107. What do you want to eat?
    ¿Qué quiere comer?
  108. You are hungry.
    Tiene hambre.
  109. Are you hungry?
    ¿Tiene hambre?
  110. Are you hungry? Do you want to eat something now?
    ¿Tiene hambre? ¿Quiere comer algo ahora?
  111. Why don’t you want to eat?
    ¿Por qué no quiere comer?
  112. Key ending: English words ending in -ary end in -ario in Spanish.
  113. necessary
    necesario
  114. It is not necessary for me now because I don’tneed it.
    No es necesario para mí ahora porque no lo necesito.
  115. I’m sorry but I don’t have it and I don’t want it because I don’t need it now.
    Lo siento, pero no lo tengo y no lo quiero porque no lo necesito ahora.
  116. and
    y
  117. contrary
    contrario
  118. on the contrary
    al contrario
  119. vocabulary
    vocabulario
  120. to see
    ver
  121. Pronunciation of Spanish ‘v’ is the same as ‘b’.
  122. to see it
    verlo
  123. I want to see it.
    Quiero verlo.
  124. I don’t want to see it.
    No quiero verlo.
  125. Do you want to see it?
    ¿Quiere verlo?
  126. Why don’t you want to see it?
    ¿Por qué no quiere verlo?
  127. I can
    puedo
  128. you can
    puede
  129. I cannot see it.
    No puedo verlo.
  130. If there are two or more consecutive verbs in a sentence, the second and subsequent verbs will be in the full form (the ‘to’ form in English, i.e. the infinitive).
  131. Can you see it?
    ¿Puede verlo?
  132. You can see it.
    Puede verlo.
  133. What can you see?
    ¿Qué puede ver?
  134. Why can’t you see it?
    ¿Por qué no puede verlo?
  135. to do / to make
    hacer
  136. to do it
    hacerlo
  137. I don’t want to do it that way.
    No quiero hacerlo así.
  138. Because I cannot do it.
    Porque no puedo hacerlo.
  139. Why can’t you do it?
    ¿Por qué no puede hacerlo?
  140. I want to know why you can’t do it that way.
    Quiero saber por qué no puede hacerlo así.
  141. Key endings: words in English ending in -ence and -ance end in -encia and -ancia in Spanish.
  142. difference
    diferencia
  143. importance
    importancia
  144. influence
    influencia
  145. preference
    preferencia
  146. the difference
    la diferencia
  147. a difference
    una diferencia
  148. What difference?
    ¿Qué diferencia?
  149. the preference
    la preferencia
  150. a preference
    una preferencia
  151. What preference?
    ¿Qué preferencia?
  152. Do you have a preference?
    ¿Tiene una preferencia?
  153. What preference do you have?
    ¿Que preferencia tiene?
  154. For what restaurant do you have a preference?
    ¿Para qué restaurante tiene una preferencia?
  155. tonight
    esta noche
  156. It is for tonight.
    Es para esta noche.
  157. For what restaurant do you have a preference tonight?
    ¿Para que restaurante tiene una preferencia esta noche?
  158. Where?
    ¿Dónde?
  159. Where do you want to eat?
    ¿Dónde quiere comer?
  160. the dinner
    la cena
  161. to dine
    cenar
  162. Where do you want to have dinner (to dine) tonight?
    ¿Dónde quiere cenar esta noche?
  163. Key ending: words ending in -tion in English end in -ción in Spanish.
  164. condition
    condición
  165. position
    posición
  166. reservation
    reservación
  167. the reservation
    la reservación
  168. a reservation
    una reservación
  169. Do you have a reservation for me for tonight?
    ¿Tiene una reservación para mí para esta noche?
  170. the condition
    la condición
  171. a condition
    una condición
  172. What condition?
    ¿Qué condición?
  173. Key ending: words ending in -ation in English end in -ación in Spanish.
  174. What reservation?
    ¿Qué reservación?
  175. of
    de
  176. the confirmation of the reservation
    la confirmación de la reservación
  177. Do you have the confirmation of the reservation for me for tonight?
    ¿Tiene la confirmación de la reservación para mí para esta noche?
  178. kind / type
    tipo
  179. What type (kind) of reservation do you have for me for tonight?
    ¿Qué tipo para de reservación tiene para esta noche?
  180. What kind of reservation do you want?
    ¿Qué tipo de reservación quiere?
  181. Key ending: nouns ending in -ion in English are the same in Spanish (-ión).There are nearly 12 of them. One exception is the word for ‘translation’.
  182. translation
    traducción
  183. I need a translation.
    Necesito una traducción.
  184. Can you make a translation for me?
    ¿Puede hacer una traducción para mí?
  185. Will you make a translation for me.
    Puede hacer una traducción para mí.
  186. ‘puede’ is used both for ‘can you?’ (question) and ‘will you please’
  187. please
    por favor
  188. Will you please do it for me.
    Puede hacerlo para mí por favor.
  189. Can you do it for me today?
    ¿Puede hacerlo para mí hoy?
  190. today
    hoy
  191. explanation
    explicación
  192. to give
    dar
  193. Will you give an explanation.
    Puede dar una explicación.
  194. Can you give an explanation?
    ¿Puede dar una explicación?
  195. Verbs that are derived from nouns that are similar in English and Spanish will also be similar. To make the verb in Spanish, you just add -ar to the English.
  196. formation
    formación
  197. to form
    formar
  198. to conform
    conformar
  199. to confirm
    confirmar
  200. The whole form of a verb, the infinitive, is expressed with ‘to’ in English (for example, to eat). In Spanish, it is expressed in an ending. There are three types of verbs: -ar (hablar), -er (comer),-ir (venir).
  201. to speak
    hablar
  202. to eat
    comer
  203. to come
    venir
  204. to leave
    salir
  205. All Spanish verbs have an -r at the end, so the stress is on the last syllable.
  206. Spanish words which end in a consonant are stressed on the last syllable. [See also the ‘NOSE’ rule, 4:13 and 4:53 below.]
  207. Spanish words which end in a vowel are stressed on the penultimate syllable: tengo, quiero, necesito, importante, restaurante.
  208. Two consonants are exceptions to the rule that words ending in a consonant are stressed on the last syllable: -n and -s. Words ending in -n and -s are stressed on the penultimate syllable, the same as for vowels.
  209. Michel’s ‘NOSE’ rule: words ending in -n, -s or any vowel are stressed on the penultimate syllable; words ending in any other consonant are stressed on the last syllable.
  210. Words that are stressed in defiance of the ‘NOSE’ rule have a written accent to show the stress: Mérida, México, reservación, condición, posición, situación, impresión.
  211. Merida
    Mérida
  212. Mexico
    México
  213. situation
    situación
  214. impression
    impresión
  215. What impression do you have of the situation?
    ¿Que impresión tiene de la situación?
  216. like that / that way
    así
  217. Words stressed in defiance of the ‘NOSE’ rule [continued]: así ‘like that’, aquí ‘here’.
  218. here
    aquí
  219. Will you make a reservation for me.
    Puede hacer una reservación para mí.
  220. Can you make a reservation for me?
    ¿Puede hacer una reservación para mí?
  221. Why can you not (can’t you) make a reservation for me?
    ¿Por qué no puede hacer una reservación para mí?
  222. to see
    ver
  223. to know
    saber
  224. I want to know it.
    Quiero saberlo.
  225. I want to see it.
    Quiero verlo.
  226. to see it
    verlo
  227. to see you
    verle
  228. to see them
    verlos
  229. to see them (feminine)
    verlas
  230. I want to see them.
    Quiero verlos.
  231. I want to see them. (all women)
    Quiero verlas.
  232. I want to see you.
    Quiero verle.
  233. to see me
    verme
  234. There are two types of ‘me’: ‘mí’ as in ‘para mí’ (for me) and ‘me’ as in ‘verme’ (to see me).
  235. to understand
    comprender
  236. to understand it
    comprenderlo
  237. to understand you
    comprenderle
  238. to understand them
    comprenderlos
  239. to understand them (all ladies)
    comprenderlas
  240. to understand me
    comprenderme
  241. Can you understand me?
    ¿Puede comprenderme?
  242. Why can’t youunderstand me?
    ¿Por qué no puede comprenderme?
  243. to say / to tell
    decir
  244. to tell it
    decirlo
  245. to tell you
    decirle
  246. to tell me
    decirme
  247. Will you tell me.
    Puede decirme.
  248. Why can’t you tell me now?
    ¿Por qué no puede decirme ahora?
  249. to buy
    comprar
  250. I want to buy something here.
    Quiero comprar algo aquí.
  251. What do you want to buy here?
    ¿Qué quiere comprar aquí?
  252. Why don’t you want to buy it?
    ¿Por qué no quiere comprarlo?
  253. expensive
    caro
  254. It is very expensive.
    Es muy caro.
  255. Do you have it?
    ¿Lo tiene?
  256. Why don’t you have it for me?
    ¿Por qué no lo tiene para mí?
  257. to have
    tener
  258. I want to have it because I need it.
    Quiero tenerlo porque lo necesito.
  259. I have to / I must
    tengo que
  260. Add ‘que’ to the verb ‘tener’ to make ‘must’ or ‘have to’.
  261. I have to do it.
    Tengo que hacerlo.
  262. to leave
    salir
  263. I have to leave.
    Tengo que salir.
  264. soon
    pronto
  265. I have to leave soon.
    Tengo que salir pronto.
  266. you have to / you must
    tiene que
  267. You have to do it.
    Tiene que hacerlo.
  268. When?
    ¿Cuándo?
  269. When do you have to do it?
    ¿Cuándo tiene que hacerlo?
  270. to tell it
    decirlo
  271. to tell you
    decirle
  272. to tell me
    decirme
  273. Will you tell me.
    Puede decirme.
  274. Can you tell me?
    ¿Puede decirme?
  275. Will you tell me why you cannot do it that way.
    Puede decirme por qué no puede hacerlo así.
  276. Key ending: words ending in -ical in English end in -ico in Spanish.
  277. political
    político
  278. economical
    económico
  279. philosophical
    filosófico
  280. logical
    lógico
  281. It is not logical butit is very practical that way.
    No es lógico pero es muy práctico así.
  282. To say ‘the political situation’ in Spanish, you say ‘the situation political’ (la situación política). ‘político’ changes to ‘política’ because situación is a ‘la’ word (feminine). In Spanish, you make a distinction between masculine (Roberto) and feminine (Roberta).
  283. the political situation
    la situación política
  284. the economical situation
    la situación económica
  285. in Spain
    en España
  286. in Mexico
    en México
  287. in Argentina
    en Argentina
  288. What impression do you have of the political and economical situation in Spain right now?
    ¿Qué impresión tiene de la situación política y económica en España ahora?
  289. How much?
    ¿Cuánto?
  290. Don’t confuse ‘cuánto’ (how much) with ‘cuándo’ (when).
  291. Will you tell me how much it is.
    Puede decirme cuánto es.
  292. because I need it
    porque lo necesito
  293. And I want to have it.
    Y quiero tenerlo.
  294. And I want to buy it.
    Y quiero comprarlo.
  295. if
    si
  296. if it is not very expensive
    si no es muy caro
  297. I am
    estoy
  298. occupied / busy
    ocupado
  299. I am busy. (masculine)
    Estoy ocupado.
  300. I am busy. (feminine)
    Estoy ocupada.
  301. tired
    cansado / cansada
  302. I am tired. (masculine)
    Estoy cansado.
  303. I am tired. (feminine)
    Estoy cansada.
  304. to be married
    casado
  305. I am not very busy today. (feminine)
    No estoy muy ocupada hoy.
  306. I am not very busy today. (masculine)
    No estoy muy ocupado hoy.
  307. you are
    está
  308. You are busy.
    Está ocupado.
  309. Are you busy now? (feminine)
    ¿Está ocupada ahora?
  310. Are you busy now? (masculine)
    ¿Está ocupado ahora?
  311. to be
    estar
  312. ‘está’ (with an accent) means ‘you are’ but ‘esta’ means ‘this’.
  313. this house
    esta casa
  314. table
    mesa
  315. this table
    esta mesa
  316. Where are you now?
    ¿Dónde está ahora?
  317. How?
    ¿Cómo?
  318. How are you?
    ¿Cómo está?
  319. Add ‘s’ to make plurals in Spanish: buenosdias.
  320. hello / good day (good days)
    buenos días
  321. Are you tired? (masculine)
    ¿Está cansado?
  322. Are you tired? (feminine)
    ¿Está cansada?
  323. I am going
    voy
  324. to
    a
  325. I am going to
    voy a
  326. I am going to eat now.
    Voy a comer ahora.
  327. I am going to buy it.
    Voy a comprarlo.
  328. I am not going to buy it because it’s very expensive.
    No voy a comprarlo porque
  329. I am going to tell you.
    Voy a decirle.
  330. late
    tarde
  331. very late
    muy tarde
  332. It is very late.
    Es muy tarde.
  333. more or less
    más o menos
  334. later (more late)
    más tarde
  335. to be
    estar
  336. I am going to be here later.
    Voy a estar aquí más tarde.
  337. I am going to do it.
    Voy a hacerlo.
  338. I am not going to do it now because I am going to be very busy today. (feminine)
    No voy a hacerlo ahora porque voy a estar muy ocupada hoy.
  339. I am going to be very busy today. (masculine)
    Voy a estar muy ocupado hoy.
  340. to call
    llamar
  341. I am going to call you later.
    Voy a llamarle más tarde.
  342. Can you/will you call me later.
    Puede llamarme más tarde.
  343. at what time (hour)
    ¿A qué hora?
  344. At what time can you call me?
    ¿A qué hora puede llamarme?
  345. I am going to call you.
    Voy a llamarle.
  346. you are going
    va
  347. you are going to
    va a
  348. At what time are you going to call me?
    ¿A qué hora va a llamarme?
  349. At what time are you going to be here tonight?
    ¿A qué hora va a estar aquí esta noche?
  350. Where are you going to be later?
    ¿Dónde va a estar más tarde?
  351. For all verbs, the form for ‘you’ is the same for ‘he/she/it’. For example: ‘you are going to’ (va a) also means ‘he/she/it is going to’.
  352. You are going to do it.
    Va a hacerlo.
  353. He is going to do it.
    Va a hacerlo.
  354. She isgoing to do it.
    Va a hacerlo.
  355. Use a clarifier if it is not clear whom you are talking about. For example, ‘¿Dónde está?’ could mean ‘Where are you?’ or ‘Where is he/she/it?’. You can add ‘él’ (he), ‘ella’ (she) or ‘usted’ (you) to make it clear (¿Dónde está el/ella/usted?).
  356. When are you going to do it?
    ¿Cuándo va a hacerlo?
  357. Where are you?
    ¿Dónde está usted?
  358. Where is he?
    ¿Dónde está él?
  359. Where is she?
    ¿Dónde está ella?
  360. He is going to be here soon.
    (Él) va a estar aquí pronto.
  361. She is going to be here soon.
    (Ella) va a estar aquí pronto.
  362. What do you want?
    ¿Qué quiere?
  363. What does he want?
    ¿Qué quiere él?
  364. What does she want?
    ¿Qué quiere ella?
  365. What do you have?
    ¿Qué tiene?
  366. What does he have?
    ¿Qué tiene él?
  367. What does she have?
    ¿Qué tiene ella?
  368. What do you have?
    ¿Qué tiene usted?
  369. Use ‘usted/él/ella’ either as a clarifier or for emphasis (What do you have? ¿Qué tiene usted?).
  370. ready
    listo
  371. I am ready.
    Estoy listo.
  372. I am ready. (feminine)
    Estoy lista.
  373. Are you ready? (feminine)
    ¿Está lista?
  374. Are you ready? (masculine)
    ¿Está listo?
  375. At what time (hour) are you going to be ready? (masculine)
    ¿A qué hora va a estar listo?
  376. At what time are you going to be ready? (feminine)
    ¿A qué hora va a estar lista?
  377. At what time is it going to be ready?
    ¿A qué hora va a estar listo?
  378. I want to know at what time it is going to be ready because I need it and I want to have it today if it is possible.
    Quiero saber a qué hora va a estar listo porque lo necesito y tengo que tenerlo hoy si es posible.
  379. all / everything
    todo
  380. Everything is going to be ready for you today.
    Todo va a estar listo para usted hoy.
  381. nothing
    nada
  382. tomorrow
    mañana
  383. Nothing is going to be ready for you today, but everything is going to be ready tomorrow.
    Nada va a estar listo para usted hoy, pero todo va a estar listo mañana.
  384. He is ready.
    Él está listo.
  385. She is ready.
    Ella está lista.
  386. Everything is ready.
    Todo está listo.
  387. It is possible.
    Es posible.
  388. It is ready.
    Está listo.
  389. There are two verbs in Spanish for ‘to be’ – ‘estar’ and ‘ser’.
  390. ‘estar’ expresses ‘to be’ as a state of being: how one is, where one is.
  391. The word ‘estado’ from ‘estar’ means ‘state’ (los Estados Unidos, United States).
  392. ‘ser’ can also be a noun: ‘el ser’ means ‘the being’ (el ser humano, the human being).
  393. ‘ser’ expresses the characteristics of who one is and what one is.
  394. I am
    estoy
  395. I am
    soy
  396. ‘estar’ expresses how one is or where one is, not permanent characteristics.
  397. ‘ser’ expresses permanent characteristics: who one is or what one is.
  398. How is he?
    ¿Cómo está él?
  399. How is she?
    ¿Cómo está ella?
  400. Where are you?
    ¿Dónde está (usted)?
  401. Where is he?
    ¿Dónde está él?
  402. Where is she?
    ¿Dónde está ella?
  403. Where is it?
    ¿Donde esta?
  404. I don’t know.
    No sé.
  405. I know
  406. I know it.
    Lo sé.
  407. I don’t know it.
    No lo sé.
  408. I don’t know.
    No sé.
  409. I don’t know where it is.
    No sé dónde está.
  410. How is Pablo today?
    ¿Cómo está Pablo hoy?
  411. sick
    enfermo
  412. He (Pablo) is sick today.
    Pablo está enfermo hoy.
  413. He (Pablo) is a sick person.
    Pablo es enfermo.
  414. Sunday
    domingo
  415. to arrive
    llegar
  416. drunk
    borracho
  417. to look
    mirar
  418. Pablo is drunk.
    Pablo está borracho.
  419. Pablo is a drunk.
    Pablo es borracho.
  420. dressed
    vestido
  421. well dressed
    bien vestido
  422. He (Pablo) is well dressed today.
    Pablo está bien vestido hoy.
  423. Notice the difference between es bien vestido 'he is always well dressed' and está bien vestido 'he is well dressed today'.
  424. I am a professor.
    Soy profesor.
  425. I am ready.
    Estoy listo.
  426. ‘listo’ has two meanings: ‘ready’ and ‘clever’. ‘ready’ is not a permanent characteristic, so you use ‘estar’. ‘clever’ is a permanent characteristic, so you use ‘ser’.
  427. clever
    listo
  428. I am clever.
    Soy listo.
  429. He is clever.
    Él es listo.
  430. She is clever.
    Ella es lista.
  431. to speak
    hablar
  432. to buy
    comprar
  433. to take
    tomar
  434. For verbs that are derived from nouns that are similar in Spanish and English, such as words ending in -ion, you just need to add -ar at the end.
  435. confirm
    confirmar
  436. Will you/can you confirm the reservation for me.
    Puede confirmar la reservación para mí.
  437. to prepare
    preparar
  438. Will you/can you prepare the dinner for me.
    Puede preparar la cena para mí.
  439. Will you/can you accept the condition.
    Puede aceptar la condición.
  440. much / very much
    mucho
  441. many thanks
    muchas gracias
  442. I want very much to accept the condition, but I am sorry I cannot accept it because it is not acceptable for me that way.
    Quiero mucho aceptar la condición, pero lo siento no puedo aceptarlo (aceptarla) porque no es aceptable para mí así
  443. Any word in front of which you can place the article ‘the’ is a noun: the happiness, the pride, the situation, the condition.
  444. Any word in front of which you can place ‘am’ or ‘is’ is an adjective: happy, proud.
  445. Any word in front of which you can place ‘to’ is a verb: to be, to have, to go, to see.
  446. There are three types of verbs in Spanish: -ar, -er and -ir. Most verbs end in -ar.
  447. All verbs end in ‘r’ in the ‘to’ form, which means that the one single stress will be at the end.
  448. to speak
    hablar
  449. to buy
    comprar
  450. to understand
    comprender
  451. to eat
    comer
  452. to do / to make
    hacer
  453. to say / to tell
    decir
  454. to prepare
    preparar
  455. to accept
    aceptar
  456. to come
    venir
  457. with me
    conmigo
  458. with you
    con usted
  459. with him
    con él
  460. with her
    con ella
  461. Will you/can you speak Spanish with me.
    Puede hablar español conmigo.
  462. Whenever there are two or three consecutive verbs, the second or third verb will be in the full form of the verb with the ‘r’ at the end (the infinitive). So ‘can you speak’ in Spanish is ‘can you to speak’ (puede hablar).
  463. Can you come with me.
    Puede venir conmigo.
  464. If another verb follows a verb of coming and going, use ‘a’ (as in ‘voy a’).
  465. Can you come see it with me tonight
    Puede venir a verlo conmigo esta noche.
  466. to go
    ir
  467. I want to go see it with you.
    Quiero ir a verlo con usted.
  468. I must go see it.
    Tengo que ir a verlo.
  469. I must speak with you.
    Tengo que hablar con usted.
  470. I am sorry but I cannot see you today because I am going to be very busy.
    Lo siento, pero no puedo verle hoy porque voy a estar muy ocupado.
  471. I must buy it.
    Tengo que comprarlo.
  472. I cannot buy it because it’s very expensive.
    No puedo comprarlo porque es muy caro.
  473. Where it is?
    ¿Dónde está?
  474. How much is it?
    ¿Cuánto es?
  475. to find
    encontrar
  476. I cannot find it.
    No puedo encontrarlo.
  477. I don’t know where it is.
    No sé dónde está.
  478. Will you/can you tell me where it is because I cannot find it.
    Puede decirme dónde está porque no puedo encontrarlo.
  479. Stress in the present tense is on the syllable before last (the penultimate syllable). If there are only two syllables, you stress the first syllable. What are the exceptions?
    Exceptions to the present tense rule: estoy, esta; voy, va.
  480. I buy / I am buying
    compro
  481. I buy it. / I am buying it.
    Lo compro.
  482. I am not buying it. / I don’t buy it.
    No lo compro.
  483. to sell
    vender
  484. I am selling it.
    Lo vendo.
  485. I am not sellingit.
    No lo vendo.
  486. to understand
    comprender
  487. I understand
    comprendo
  488. I understand it very well.
    Lo comprendo muy bien.
  489. I don’t understand it very well.
    No lo comprendo muy bien.
  490. I understand it.
    Lo comprendo.
  491. I don’t understand it.
    No lo comprendo.
  492. I don’t understand you.
    No le comprendo.
  493. you understand
    comprende
  494. You understand it.
    Lo comprende.
  495. Do you understand it?
    ¿Lo comprende?
  496. Why don’t you understand it?
    ¿Por qué no lo comprende?
  497. Do you understand me?
    ¿Me comprende?
  498. You understand me.
    Me comprende.
  499. Why don’t youunderstand me?
    ¿Por qué no me comprende?
  500. to sell
    vender
  501. I am selling it.
    Lo vendo.
  502. I am not selling it. / I don’t sell it.
    No lo vendo.
  503. You are selling it.
    Lo vende.
  504. Why don’t you sell it?
    ¿Por qué no lo vende?
  505. to write
    escribir
  506. I am writing
    escribo
  507. everyday (all the days)
    todos los días
  508. I am writing everyday.
    Escribo todos los días.
  509. I like (it pleases me)
    me gusta
  510. I like to see it.
    Me gusta verlo.
  511. But I don’t like to do it.
    Pero no me gusta hacerlo.
  512. I like to go see it.
    Me gusta ir a verlo.
  513. I like very much
    me gusta mucho
  514. I like very much to write.
    Me gusta mucho escribir.
  515. you like (it pleases you)
    le gusta
  516. Do you like?
    ¿Le gusta?
  517. I like to write.
    Me gusta escribir.
  518. I am writing / I write
    escribo
  519. you write / he writes / she writes
    escribe
  520. Why don’t you write to me?
    ¿Por qué no me escribe?
  521. to know
    saber
  522. you know
    sabe
  523. Do you know where it is?
    ¿Sabe dónde está?
  524. Why don’t you know it?
    ¿Por qué no lo sabe?
  525. to do / to make
    hacer
  526. Why don’t you do it?
    ¿Por qué no lo hace?
  527. to leave
    salir
  528. At what time (hour) are you leaving?
    ¿A qué hora sale?
  529. English ‘am/is + -ing’ is usually expressed with just the present tense in Spanish.
  530. At what time do you leave?
    ¿A qué hora sale?
  531. The Spanish -ing tense expresses what you are doing right now. -ing becomes -iendo (saliendo). ‘Estoy saliendo’ means ‘I am in the process of leaving right now’.
  532. I am leaving.
    Estoy saliendo.
  533. What are you doing today?
    ¿Qué hace hoy?
  534. What are you doing tonight?
    ¿Qué hace esta noche?
  535. What are you doing? (right now)
    ¿Qué está haciendo?
  536. What are you writing?
    ¿Qué escribe?
  537. What are you writing? (right there)
    ¿Qué está escribiendo?
  538. to say / to tell
    decir
  539. What are you saying?
    ¿Qué dice?
  540. For ‘you are saying’, ‘e’ in decir becomes ‘i’ in ‘dice’.
  541. ‘what’ at the beginning of a sentence is ‘qué’. In the middle of a sentence, ‘what’ is ‘lo que’.
  542. I am sorry but I don’t understand what you are saying
    Lo siento, pero no comprendo lo que dice.
  543. I don’t know what you want.
    No sé lo que quiere.
  544. That’s not what I want.
    No es lo que quiero.
  545. What do you want?
    ¿Qué quiere?
  546. What do you want to say?
    ¿Qué quiere decir?
  547. The combinationof ‘want’ and ‘say’ in Spanish means ‘to mean’.
  548. I don’t understand very well what you mean.
    No comprendo muy bien lo que quiere decir.
  549. You don’t understand what I mean.
    No comprende lo que quiero decir.
  550. because that’s not what I mean
    porque no es lo que quiero decir
  551. I speak
    hablo
  552. to prepare
    preparar
  553. I am preparing it.
    Lo preparo.
  554. But I don’t accept it.
    Pero no lo acepto.
  555. There are three types of verbs: -ar, -er and -ir. They are divided into two categories or ‘tracks’: the -ar track (hablar, comprar, preparar) and the -er/-ir track (comprender, escribir, hacer, salir). On both tracks for ‘I’, after you push down you will surface on -o.
  556. I am preparing
    preparo
  557. I am accepting it.
    Lo acepto.
  558. On the –er/-ir track for ‘you/he/she/it’, after you push down you will surface on -e.
  559. you are leaving
    sale
  560. you are doing
    hace
  561. you are writing
    escribe
  562. you are saying
    dice
  563. On the -ar track for ‘you/he/she/it’, after you push down you will surface on -a.
  564. you speak / he speaks / she speaks / it speaks
    habla
  565. Do you speak English?
    ¿Habla inglés?
  566. who / whom
    quien
  567. Who speaks English here?
    ¿Quién habla inglés aquí?
  568. nobody
    nadie
  569. Nobody speaks English here.
    Nadie habla inglés aquí.
  570. everybody (all the world)
    todo el mundo
  571. Everybody speaks Spanish.
    Todo el mundo habla español.
  572. Why don’t you speak Spanish with me?
    ¿Por qué no habla español conmigo?
  573. I am buying it.
    Lo compro.
  574. I don’t buy it.
    No lo compro.
  575. I am not buying it.
    No lo compro.
  576. Why don’t you buy it?
    ¿Por qué no lo compra?
  577. Endings in Spanish, even unstressed, need to be very clear.
  578. I don’t know why I am not buying it.
    No sé por qué no lo compro.
  579. Why don’t you sell it?
    ¿Por qué no lo vende?
  580. I am not sellingit because I don’t want to sell it.
    No lo vendo porque no quiero venderlo.
  581. I speak
    hablo
  582. you speak / he speaks /
    habla
  583. For ‘they’, you just add an ‘n’ after‘a’ or ‘e’ depending on which track you are on.
  584. they speak
    hablan
  585. they understand
    comprenden
  586. They are doing it.
    Lo hacen.
  587. They are buying it.
    Lo compran.
  588. They are selling it.
    Lo venden.
  589. The same ‘n’ you use for ‘they’ also goes for ‘you all’ (you plural).
  590. Why don’t you sell it?
    ¿Por qué no lo vende?
  591. Why don’t you sell it? (talking to several people)
    ¿Por qué no lo venden?
  592. Why don’t you do it?
    ¿Por qué no lo hace?
  593. Why don’t you all do it?
    ¿Por qué no lo hacen?
  594. Why don’t they do it?
    ¿Por qué no lo hacen?
  595. to speak
    hablar
  596. to eat
    comer
  597. to understand
    comprender
  598. to come
    venir
  599. to leave
    salir
  600. to do / to make
    hacer
  601. to say / to tell
    decir
  602. In the present tense, you push down on (stress) the penultimate syllable.
  603. I want
    quiero
  604. you want
    quiere
  605. I can
    puedo
  606. I speak
    hablo
  607. I don’t speak
    no hablo
  608. I understand
    comprendo
  609. I don’t understand
    no comprendo
  610. you understand
    comprende
  611. Do you understand it?
    ¿Lo comprende?
  612. Do you understand me?
    ¿Me comprende?
  613. Don’t you understand me?
    ¿No me comprende?
  614. Why don’t you understand me?
    ¿Por qué no me comprende?
  615. they understand
    comprenden
  616. In the present tense, for ‘they’ you add -an for the -ar track and -en for the -er/-ir track.
  617. you speak
    habla
  618. All vowel sounds, even unstressed, have to come out very clearly.
  619. a
  620. e
  621. i
  622. o (obey)
  623. u (food)
  624. For ‘I’ on both tracks you surface on ‘o’.
  625. There are only a few exceptions in the entire Spanish language where you don’t have a clear ‘o’ for the ‘I’ form. There are four where you don’t have a clear ‘o’ for the ‘I’ form. There are four exceptions where you have ‘oy’ instead of ‘o’.
  626. I am going
    voy
  627. I am
    estoy
  628. I am (from ‘ser’)
    soy
  629. I give
    doy
  630. One exception where there is no ‘o’ at all for the ‘I’ form is the verb ‘to know’.
  631. I know
  632. Why don’t you buy it?
    ¿Por qué no lo compra?
  633. I am selling it.
    Lo vendo.
  634. Why don’t you sell it?
    ¿Por qué no lo vende?
  635. Why don’t you sell it? (plural)
    ¿Por qué no lo venden?
  636. They are not selling it.
    No lo venden.
  637. Why don’t you buy it?
    ¿Por qué no lo compra?
  638. They are not buying it.
    No lo compran.
  639. Why don’t you (all) buy it?
    ¿Por qué no lo compran?
  640. In Spanish, you have two words for ‘you’. With family members and friends, you may switch from the use of ‘usted’ to ‘tú’.
  641. For ‘tú’ you hook on ‘s’ to ‘a’ or ‘e’ at the end of the verb.
  642. Do you speak English? (to Roberto or Roberta)
    ¿Hablas inglés?
  643. Why don’t you speak Spanish with me? (to Roberto)
    ¿Por qué no hablas español conmigo?
  644. If you switch tracks in the present tense (from ‘a’ to ‘e’ or ‘e’ to ‘a’), that gives you the imperative (the command).
  645. Speak Spanish with me!
    ¡Hable español conmigo!
  646. Buy the book!
    ¡Compre el libro!
  647. ‘this’ is ‘este’ for ‘el’ nouns (este libro) and ‘esta’ for ‘la’ nouns (esta noche).
  648. this book
    este libro
  649. this night (tonight)
    esta noche
  650. this house
    esta casa
  651. this table
    esta mesa
  652. If you take out the ‘t’ in ‘este’ and ‘esta’, then you have ‘that’.
  653. that book
    ese libro
  654. that table
    esa mesa
  655. If you want to say ‘this’ without a noun, use ‘esto’.
  656. I want to see this.
    Quiero ver esto.
  657. I am going to buy this.
    Voy a comprar esto.
  658. I want to see that.
    Quiero ver eso.
  659. Why don’t you buy this book?
    ¿Por qué no compra este libro?
  660. Buy that book!
    ¡Compre ese libro!
  661. He is not buying it.
    Él no lo compra.
  662. Don’t buy it!
    ¡No lo compre!
  663. Why don’t you sell it?
    ¿Por qué no lo vende?
  664. Don’t sell it.
    ¡No lo venda!
  665. Don’t sell it! (plural)
    ¡No lo vendan!
  666. Don’t sell it. (Roberto)
    ¡No lo vendas!
  667. Buy that book.
    ¡Compre ese libro!
  668. Don’t buy it; it’s not good.
    No lo compre; no es bueno.
  669. Don’t buy it. (plural)
    No lo compren.
  670. Don’t buy it. (Roberto)
    No lo compres.
  671. If you use the positive command with a pronoun (me, him, it), hook the pronoun onto the end of the verb.
  672. Buy it!
    ¡Cómprelo!
  673. Buy it! (plural)
    ¡Cómprenlo!
  674. Buy them!
    ¡Cómprenlos!
  675. Don’t hook the pronoun onto the verb in the negative command.
  676. Don’t buy them!
    No los compren.
  677. to take
    tomar
  678. Why don’t you take it?
    ¿Por qué no lo toma?
  679. Don’t take it!
    ¡No lo tome!
  680. Take it!
    ¡Tómelo!
  681. Eat it!It is very good.
    ¡Cómalo! Es muy bueno.
  682. delicious
    delicioso
  683. For ‘we’ the verb ending is -mos. Whenever you want to use ‘we’, go to the whole verb, drop the ‘r’ and add -mos.
  684. to speak
    hablar
  685. I want to speak with you.
    Quiero hablar contigo.
  686. we speak
    hablamos
  687. we eat
    comemos
  688. we are leaving
    salimos
  689. we are coming
    venimos
  690. we are selling
    vendemos
  691. we are writing
    escribimos
  692. we have
    tenemos
  693. We are doing it.
    Lo hacemos.
  694. We are not doing it.
    No lo hacemos.
  695. We do not do it that way.
    No lo hacemos así.
  696. We are telling you.
    Le decimos.
  697. The verb ‘ir’ (to go) is an exception: ‘we go’ is ‘vamos’.
  698. we go
    vamos
  699. they are going to / you all are going to
    van a
  700. you are going to (Roberto)
    vas a
  701. we are going to
    vamos a
  702. We are going to leave soon.
    Vamos a salir pronto.
  703. to arrive
    llegar
  704. At what time are we going to arrive in Madrid?
    ¿A qué hora vamos a llegar a Madrid?
  705. Why don’t you do it, Roberta?
    ¿Por qué no lo haces, Roberta?
  706. I have
    tengo
  707. go-go verbs: some verbs add a ‘g’before the ‘o’ in the ‘I’ form.
  708. I come
    vengo
  709. I’m leaving
    salgo
  710. to put
    poner
  711. Verbs in English with -pose will be formed with -poner in Spanish: ‘to oppose’ oponer, ‘to suppose’ suponer, ‘to compose’ componer.
  712. I put
    pongo
  713. I am putting it here.
    Lo pongo aquí.
  714. I suppose
    supongo
  715. ‘to do’ and ‘to say’ are short go-go verbs.
  716. to do
    hacer
  717. to say / to tell
    decir
  718. I do
    hago
  719. I tell
    digo
  720. I am doing it.
    Lo hago.
  721. I am telling you.
    Le digo.
  722. to bring
    traer
  723. I am bringing
    traigo
  724. I am bringing it.
    Lo traigo.
  725. I am putting it.
    Lo pongo.
  726. Where are you putting it?
    ¿Dónde lo pone?
  727. Where are you all putting it?
    ¿Dónde lo ponen?
  728. Where are you putting it? (Roberta)
    ¿Dónde lo pones?
  729. We are putting it here.
    Lo ponemos aquí.
  730. The go-go verbs turn ga-ga in the imperative.
  731. Come with me!
    ¡Venga conmigo!
  732. Don’t leave!
    ¡No salga!
  733. Don’t leave! (plural)
    ¡No salgan!
  734. Don’t leave! (Roberto)
    ¡No salgas!
  735. Don’t put it here.
    ¡No lo ponga aquí!
  736. Put it here!
    Póngalo aquí.
  737. Can you put it here.
    Puede ponerlo aquí.
  738. Review of go-go verbs:
    salgo, tengo, pongo, vengo, hago, digo, supongo, tengo, traigo.
  739. Bring it!
    ¡Tráigalo!
  740. Bring me something!
    ¡Tráigame algo!
  741. Don’t put it here.
    ¡No lo ponga aquí!
  742. there
    allí
  743. here
    aquí
  744. Put it there!
    ¡Póngalo allí!
  745. Don’t put it here; put it there.
    ¡No lo ponga aquí; póngalo allí!
  746. I am doing it.
    Lo hago.
  747. Do it!
    ¡Hágalo!
  748. Don’t do it!
    ¡No lo haga!
  749. Say it in Spanish!
    ¡Dígalo en español!
  750. Tell me!
    ¡Dígame!
  751. Don’t tell me now.
    ¡No me diga ahora!
  752. Don’t tell me. (Roberta)
    ¡No me digas!
  753. to call
    llamar
  754. Call me later.
    ¡Llámeme más tarde!
  755. Call me! (Roberto/Roberta)
    ¡Llámame!
  756. There is only one occasion when you don’t switch tracks in the imperative: in the positive imperative to Roberto or Roberta you don’t switch tracks and you don’t use the ‘s’.
  757. to have
    tener
  758. we have
    tenemos
  759. you have
    tiene
  760. they have
    tienen
  761. you have (Roberto)
    tienes
  762. I have
    tengo
  763. ‘e’ in the second syllable before last (tener) becomes ‘ie’ (tiene) when you push down in the present tense, except in the ‘I’ form (tengo).
  764. to come
    venir
  765. we are coming
    venimos
  766. he is coming
    viene
  767. they are coming
    vienen
  768. you are coming (Roberto)
    vienes
  769. I am coming
    vengo
  770. to begin
    comenzar
  771. I am starting
    comienzo
  772. You are starting/ he is starting / she is starting / it is starting
    comienza
  773. Start!
    ¡Comience!
  774. At what time are you starting?
    ¿A qué hora comienza?
  775. At what time are you all starting?
    ¿A qué hora comienzan?
  776. At what time are you starting? (Roberta)
    ¿A qué hora comienzas?
  777. At what time do we start?
    ¿A qué hora comenzamos?
  778. to begin / to start
    empezar
  779. I am starting
    empiezo
  780. At what time are you starting? / At what time isit starting?
    ¿A qué hora empieza?
  781. the film
    la película
  782. to think
    pensar
  783. I think
    pienso
  784. What do you think?
    ¿Qué piensa?
  785. What do you think of the situation?
    ¿Qué piensa de la situación?
  786. we think
    pensamos
  787. I plan on leaving soon. (in Spanish: I think to leave soon)
    Pienso salir pronto.
  788. When do you plan on leaving? ¿Cuándo piensa salir?
  789. to understand
    comprender
  790. In ‘comprender’, the e is locked between ‘r’ and ‘n’. This holds up the ‘e’ and it doesn’t cave in (comprende, notcompriende)
  791. to understand
    entender
  792. I understand
    entiendo
  793. I don’t understand it.
    No lo entiendo.
  794. I don’t understand you.
    No le entiendo.
  795. I don’t understand you. (Roberta)
    No te entiendo.
  796. Do you understand me? (Roberta)
    ¿Me entiendes?
  797. We don’t understand.
    No entendemos.
  798. If you see ‘ie’ in the present tense, you can deduce that the ‘to’ form is formed with ‘e’.
  799. I want
    quiero
  800. you want/ he wants
    quiere
  801. they want
    quieren
  802. you want(Roberto/Roberta)
    quieres
  803. you allwant
    quieren
  804. to want
    querer
  805. we want
    queremos
  806. ‘o’ inthe syllable before last becomes ‘ue’ when you push down in the present tense.
  807. I can
    puedo
  808. you can / he can
    puede
  809. they can / you all can
    pueden
  810. you can (Roberto/Roberta)
    puedes
  811. to be able (can)
    poder
  812. we can
    podemos
  813. the power
    el poder
  814. to find
    encontrar
  815. I find
    encuentro
  816. I don’t find it.
    No lo encuentro.
  817. to remember
    recordar
  818. I remember
    recuerdo
  819. to come back
    volver
  820. I am coming back soon.
    Vuelvo pronto.
  821. At what time are you coming back?
    ¿A qué hora vuelve?
  822. Are you all coming back?
    ¿Vuelven?
  823. At what time are you coming back, Roberta?
    ¿A qué hora vuelves, Roberta?
  824. We are coming back soon.
    Volvemos pronto.
  825. to regress
    regresar
  826. to lift up
    levantar
  827. I am lifting it up.
    Lo levanto.
  828. Why don’t you lift it up?
    ¿Por qué no lo levanta?
  829. I am lifting myself up. (I am getting up.)
    Me levanto.
  830. us
    nos
  831. We are getting up. (We lift ourselves up.)
    Nos levantamos.
  832. You are getting up. (Roberto)
    Te levantas.
  833. At what time are you getting up? (Roberta)
    ¿A qué hora te levantas?
  834. Use ‘se’ for ‘himself/herself/yourself/themselves’.
  835. He is getting up.
    Se levanta.
  836. At what time are you getting up?
    ¿A qué hora se levanta?
  837. At what time are you all getting up?
    ¿A qué hora se levantan?
  838. They are getting up soon.
    Se levantan pronto.
  839. I am going to get up soon.
    Voy a levantarme pronto.
  840. I have to get up.
    Tengo que levantarme.
  841. We are going to get up soon.
    Vamos a levantarnos pronto.
  842. We have to get up.
    Tenemos que levantarnos.
  843. At what time do we have to get up?
    ¿A qué hora tenemos que
  844. to remain
    quedar
  845. to give
    dar
  846. to stay (to remain oneself)
    quedarse
  847. I am staying
    me quedo
  848. I am not staying
    no me quedo
  849. How much time? / How long?
    ¿Cuánto tiempo?
  850. time
    tiempo
  851. I don’t know how long I am staying.
    No sé cuánto tiempo me quedo.
  852. I don’t know how long I am going to stay.
    No sé cuánto tiempo voy a quedarme
  853. I don’t know how long I can stay.
    No sé cuánto tiempo puedo quedarme.
  854. We are staying.
    Nos quedamos.
  855. We are going to stay a few days.
    Vamos a quedarnos unos días.
  856. a few days
    unos días
  857. Usually words ending in ‘a’ are ‘la’ words. ‘día’ is an exception (el día). Words ending in ‘o’ are ‘el’ words. ‘mano’ is an exception (la mano). Words ending in ‘ma’ are ‘el’ words (el problema).
  858. the hand
    la mano
  859. the problem
    el problema
  860. there is / thereare
    hay
  861. people
    gente
  862. the people
    la gente
  863. many people
    mucha gente
  864. There are many people here.
    Hay mucha gente aquí.
  865. There isno problem.
    No hay problema.
  866. I don’t know how long we are going to stay here.
    No sé cuánto tiempo vamos a quedarnos aquí.
  867. still (still more)
    todavía
  868. still a little more
    todavía un poco
  869. late
    tarde
  870. later
    más tarde
  871. a little later
    un poco más tarde
  872. ‘todavía’ is also used in the negative sense for ‘yet’.
  873. I don’t know yet. (Still I don’t know.)
    Todavía no sé.
  874. Still I don’t know how long I am going to stay.
    Todavía no sé cuánto tiempo voy a quedarme.
  875. we see
    vemos
  876. We see it.
    Lo vemos.
  877. He doesn’t see it. / You don’t see it.
    No lo ve.
  878. I see
    veo
  879. They see it.
    Lo ven.
  880. We see ourselves.
    Nos vemos.
  881. We don’t see ourselves.
    No nos vemos.
  882. ‘ourselves’ in Spanish has two meanings: it can mean ‘we see ourselves’ but it also means ‘we see each other’.
  883. We see each other.
    Nos vemos.
  884. At what time do we meet? (At what time do we see each other?)
    ¿A qué hora nos vemos?
  885. At what time do we meet tomorrow?
    ¿A qué hora nos vemos mañana?
  886. The present tense is widely used in Spanish to talk about the future.
  887. I call you later.
    Le llamo más tarde.
  888. If you use the present tense to talk about the future, you need to use words such as mañana, la semana que viene (next week), etc.
  889. I will call tomorrow
    Le llamo mañana.
  890. I am buying them.
    Los compro.
  891. I am saying it.
    Lo digo.
  892. I am telling you.
    Le digo.
  893. I am telling you. (Roberto/Roberta)
    Te digo.
  894. I am calling you.
    Le llamo.
  895. I am calling you. (Roberto)
    Te llamo.
  896. I call you tomorrow.
    Te llamo mañana. / Le llamo mañana.
  897. ‘going’ is also frequently used to talk about the future.
  898. I am going to call you tomorrow.
    Voy a llamarle mañana.
  899. We are staying a few days.
    Nos quedamos unos días.
  900. We are going to stay a few days.
    Vamos a quedarnos unos días.
  901. At what time do we meet tomorrow? (At what time do we see each other tomorrow?)
    ¿A qué hora nos vemos mañana?
  902. At what time are we going to see each other tomorrow? / At what time are we going to meet tomorrow?
    ¿A qué hora vamos a vernos mañana?
  903. How to construct the future tense: for ‘I will’ you use the whole verb and hit the ending of the verb with -ré.
  904. I will speak
    hablaré
  905. I will eat later.
    Comeré más tarde.
  906. I will buy it.
    Lo compraré.
  907. I will sell it.
    Lo venderé.
  908. to take
    tomar
  909. I will take it.
    Lo tomaré.
  910. For ‘I will’ you add -ré, and for ‘we will’ you add -remos.
  911. We will take it.
    Lo tomaremos.
  912. I will start (commence)
    comenzaré
  913. we will start
    comenzaremos
  914. I will eat
    comeré
  915. we will eat
    comeremos
  916. I will speak with you.
    Hablaré con usted.
  917. we will speak
    hablaremos
  918. to wait / to hope
    esperar
  919. I will wait
    esperaré
  920. we will wait
    esperaremos
  921. I am staying
    me quedo
  922. I am staying here tomorrow.
    Me quedo aquí mañana.
  923. I will stay
    me quedaré
  924. I am going to stay.
    Voy a quedarme.
  925. I am going to start.
    Voy a comenzar. / Voy a empezar.
  926. I am going to buy it.
    Voy a comprarlo.
  927. We are going to buy it.
    Vamos a comprarlo.
  928. I am going to call you later.
    Voy a llamarle más tarde.
  929. We will call you later.
    Vamos a llamarle más tarde.
  930. At what time will you call me?
    ¿A qué hora va a llamarme?
  931. At what time are you going to call me? (to a couple)
    ¿A qué hora van a llamarme?
  932. They are going to call me later. Van a llamarme más tarde.
  933. At what time will you call me? (Roberta)
    ¿A qué hora vas a llamarme?
  934. You are going to call me.
    Va a llamarme.
  935. You are going to call me. (to several people)
    Van a llamarme.
  936. You are going to call me. (Roberto)
    Vas a llamarme.
  937. They are going to call me.
    Van a llamarme.
  938. We are going to call you.
    Vamos a llamarle.
  939. I am staying
    me quedo
  940. we are staying
    nos quedamos
  941. they are staying
    se quedan
  942. she is staying
    ella se queda
  943. I am not staying
    no me quedo
  944. I am going to stay.
    Voy a quedarme.
  945. How long are you going to stay? (señor)
    ¿Cuánto tiempo va a quedarse?
  946. How long are you going to stay? (to a couple)
    ¿Cuánto tiempo van a quedarse?
  947. I don’t know yet how long we are going to stay.
    Todavía no sé cuánto tiempo vamos a quedarnos.
  948. I will stay
    me quedaré
  949. we will stay
    nos quedaremos
  950. We are going to stay.
    Vamos a quedarnos.
  951. For ‘he/she/it will’ and ‘you will’ add -rá. For ‘they will’ add -rán and for ‘you will’ (Roberto) add -rás.
  952. I will buy it.
    Lo compraré.
  953. We will buy it.
    Lo compraremos.
  954. He will buy it.
    Lo comprará.
  955. You will buy it. (señor)
    Lo comprará.
  956. Where will you buy it? (to several people)
    ¿Dónde lo comprarán?
  957. Where will you buy it? (Roberto)
    ¿Dónde lo comprarás?
  958. They won’tbuy it because it is too expensive.
    No lo comprarán porque es demasiado caro.
  959. too / too much
    demasiado
  960. I will be here.
    Estaré aquí.
  961. We will be here tomorrow.
    Estaremos aquí mañana.
  962. He will be here.
    Estará aquí.
  963. It will be ready for you tomorrow.
    Estará listo para usted mañana.
  964. They will be here soon.
    Estarán aquí pronto.
  965. They are going to be here soon.
    Van a estar aquí pronto.
  966. it will be
    será
  967. It won’t be possible.
    No será posible.
  968. I will go see it.
    Iré a verlo.
  969. We will go see it.
    Vamos a ir a verlo.
  970. we will go
    iremos
  971. We will go see it.
    Iremos a verlo.
  972. Go-go verbs in the future tense need a ‘d’ before -re (-dre).
  973. I will have
    tendré
  974. we will have
    tendremos
  975. he will have / you will have (señor)
    tendrá
  976. they will have / you all will have
    tendrán
  977. you will have (Roberto)
    tendrás
  978. I will leave
    saldré
  979. we will leave
    saldremos
  980. he will leave
    saldrá
  981. they will leave / you all will leave
    saldrán
  982. you will leave (Roberto)
    saldrás
  983. I will put
    pondré
  984. we will put
    pondremos
  985. they will put / you all will put
    pondrán
  986. you will put (Roberto)
    pondrás
  987. For ‘digo’ and ‘hago’ drop the ‘go’ and add -ré.
  988. I will do
    haré
  989. we will do
    haremos
  990. he will do
    hará
  991. they will do
    harán
  992. you will do (Roberto)
    harás
  993. I will tell
    diré
  994. I will tell it.
    Lo diré.
  995. I will tell you.
    Le diré.
  996. I will tell you later. (Roberto)
    Te diré más tarde.
  997. We will tell you.
    Le diremos.
  998. He will tell you.
    Le dirá.
  999. He will tell me.
    Me dirá.
  1000. When will you tell me? (señor)
    ¿Cuándo me dirá?
  1001. When will you tell me? (Roberto)
    ¿Cuándo me dirás?
  1002. When will you all tell me?
    ¿Cuándo me dirán?
  1003. The conditional (would) follows the same pattern as ‘will’, but the ending is -ría.
  1004. It will be necessary.
    Será necesario.
  1005. It would be necessary.
    Sería necesario.
  1006. It wouldn’t be necessary.
    No sería necesario.
  1007. It wouldn’t be possible that way.
    No sería posible así.
  1008. I will do it.
    Lo haré.
  1009. I would do it.
    Lo haría.
  1010. I wouldn’t do it that way.
    No lo haría así.
  1011. They wouldn’t do it.
    No lo harían.
  1012. Why wouldn’t you do it, Roberto?
    ¿Por qué no lo harías, Roberto?
  1013. I will tell you.
    Te diré./ Le diré.
  1014. I wouldn’t tell you.
    No le diría.
  1015. He wouldn’t tell me.
    No me diría.
  1016. He won’t leave today.
    Él no saldrá hoy.
  1017. He wouldn’t leave.
    Él no saldría.
  1018. He will have it for you.
    Él lo tendrá para usted.
  1019. But he wouldn’t have it today.
    Pero él no lo tendría hoy.
  1020. I like (it pleases me)
    me gusta
  1021. I don’t like to stay here.
    No me gusta quedarme aquí.
  1022. you like (it pleases you)
    te gusta / le gusta
  1023. You like? (Do you like?)
    ¿Le gusta?
  1024. we like (it pleases us)
    nos gusta
  1025. I would like (it would please me)
    me gustaría
  1026. I would like to see you.
    Me gustaría verle.
  1027. I would like to go see it with you.
    Me gustaría ir a verlo contigo. / Me gustaría ir a verlo con usted.
  1028. to send
    mandar
  1029. He is sending it.
    Lo manda.
  1030. Whenever you have two pronouns, the personal pronoun comes first.
  1031. He is sending it to me.
    Me lo manda.
  1032. He is not sending it to me today.
    No me lo manda hoy.
  1033. But he will send it to me tomorrow.
    Pero me lo mandará mañana.
  1034. He is going to send it to me tomorrow.
    Va a mandármelomañana.
  1035. You can also use the present tense to talk about the future.
  1036. He is sending it to me tomorrow.
    Me lo manda mañana.
  1037. He wouldn’t send it to me today.
    No me lo mandaría hoy.
  1038. I am sending it.
    Lo mando.
  1039. I am sending you something.
    Le mando algo.
  1040. I am sending you something. (Roberta)
    Te mando algo.
  1041. I am sending it to you. (Roberta)
    Te lo mando.
  1042. I am sending them to you. (Roberta)
    Te los mando.
  1043. Whenever‘l’ of ‘le’youto anhave‘s’ theandcombinationyou make it ‘seof ‘le’lo’.andThe‘lo’,‘se’ youdoesn’tchange
  1044. I am sending it to you. (señor) Se lo mando.
  1045. I am going to send it to you. (señor)
    Voy a mandárselo.
  1046. ‘Voy a mandárselo’ means ‘I am going to send it to you señor/him/her/them’.
  1047. Sometimes you need a clarifier: Voy a mandárselo a usted, a él, a ella mañana
  1048. Will you/can you send it to me. Puede mandármelo.
  1049. Can you send it to him.
    Puede mandárselo.
  1050. I would like to see it.
    Me gustaría verlo.
  1051. Another expression for ‘I would like’ is ‘quisiera’ (I may/I might want).
  1052. I might want to see it.
    Quisiera verlo.
  1053. Different ways to express the same thought: quiero verlo, me gusta verlo, me gustaría verlo, quisiera verlo.
  1054. It won’t be necessary.
    No será necesario.
  1055. It wouldn’t be necessary.
    No sería necesario.
  1056. How to form the past tense (I have bought something). The past participle depends on which track you are on. On the -ar track, you dive into -ado (hablar – hablado). On the -er track, you dive into -ido (salir – salido). For example: comer – comido, vender – vendido, comprar – comprado, tomar – tomado.
  1057. to live
    vivir
  1058. lived
    vivido
  1059. In Spanish, there are twoverbs for ‘to have’. The verb ‘to have’ is the diving board you need to dive into the past, which in this case is ‘haber’ and not ‘tener’.
  1060. To obtain the different forms of ‘haber’, take the future tense ending, drop the r and add a silent ‘h’. In the future you have: -ré, -remos, -rá, -rán, -rás. For ‘haber’ you will have: he, hemos, ha, han, has.
  1061. I have bought something.
    He comprado algo.
  1062. We have bought.
    Hemos comprado.
  1063. If you want to say ‘we have bought it’, the ‘it’ comes first.
  1064. We have bought it.
    Lo hemos comprado.
  1065. He has bought it.
    Lo ha comprado.
  1066. He has not bought it.
    No lo ha comprado.
  1067. Where have you bought it?
    ¿Dónde lo ha comprado?
  1068. He has sold it.
    Lo ha vendido.
  1069. There are a few exceptions when you’re ‘diving’. For example, the diving part of ‘hacer’ is ‘hecho’.
  1070. I have done it.
    Lo he hecho.
  1071. We have done it.
    Lo hemos hecho.
  1072. He has told me.
    Me ha dicho.
  1073. You have not told me.
    No me ha dicho.
  1074. I have told you.
    Le he dicho.
  1075. to wait
    esperar
  1076. I am waiting
    espero
  1077. I want to find out where it is.
    Quiero informarme dónde está.
  1078. you are waiting / he is waiting / she is waiting
    espera
  1079. Why are you waiting?
    ¿Por qué espera?
  1080. Why don’t you wait?
    ¿Por qué no espera?
  1081. I am awaiting you.
    Le espero.
  1082. I am awaiting you. (Roberto/Roberta)
    Te espero.
  1083. He is waiting for you. / She is waiting for you.
    Él le espera. / Ella le espera.
  1084. They are waiting for me. (They are awaiting me.)
    Me esperan.
  1085. Why are you all waiting?
    ¿Por qué esperan?
  1086. (Roberto/Roberta)Why are you waiting for me?
    ¿Por qué me esperas?
  1087. we are waiting
    esperamos
  1088. Why don’t you wait for me? (señor)
    ¿Por qué no me espera?
  1089. Why don’t you wait for me? (Roberto)
    ¿Por qué no me esperas?
  1090. Why don’t you wait for me? (to several people)
    ¿Por qué no me esperan?
  1091. Wait!
    ¡Espere!
  1092. a little moment
    momentito
  1093. Wait for me here! (Await me here!)
    ¡Espéreme aquí!
  1094. We are waiting for you.
    Le esperamos.
  1095. To say ‘shall we wait for you?’ just use the inflection to a question.
  1096. Shall we wait for you?
    ¿Le esperamos?
  1097. ‘let’s’ (let us) expresses a command. If you want to say ‘let's wait’ in Spanish, you have to change track from -amos to -emos.
  1098. we are waiting
    esperamos
  1099. Let’s wait!
    ¡Esperemos!
  1100. Let’s wait here.
    Esperemos aquí.
  1101. We are buying it.
    Lo compramos.
  1102. We are not buying it.
    No lo compramos.
  1103. Let’s notbuy it.
    No lo compremos.
  1104. We are selling it.
    Lo vendemos.
  1105. Let’s sell the house.
    Vendamos la casa.
  1106. Don’t wait for me.
    No me espere.
  1107. Wait for me!
    ¡Espéreme!
  1108. I have waited
    he esperado
  1109. I have left
    he salido
  1110. I am waiting. (right now)
    Estoy esperando.
  1111. I am waiting for you. (I am right now in the process of waiting for you.)
    Le estoy esperando.
  1112. I am doing it.
    Lo hago.
  1113. I am doing it. (I am right now in the process of doing it.)
    Lo estoy haciendo.
  1114. Past tense with -ing: I was doing it, I was waiting. Whenever you have -ing preceded by ‘was’ or ‘were’, it’s the past tense with -ing.
  1115. The w-ing tense: to express was/were +-ing you use -abaon the -ar track.
  1116. I was waiting
    esperaba
  1117. I was speaking
    hablaba
  1118. I was buying it.
    Lo compraba.
  1119. I was preparing it.
    Lo preparaba.
  1120. On the other track (-er/-ir), you use -ía.
  1121. I was leaving
    salía
  1122. I was eating
    comía
  1123. I was doing it.
    Lo hacía.
  1124. I was buying it.
    Lo compraba.
  1125. I was selling it.
    Lo vendía.
  1126. He was preparing it.
    Lo preparaba.
  1127. You were preparing it. (señor)
    Lo preparaba.
  1128. You were preparing it. (Roberto)
    Lo preparabas.
  1129. They were preparing it.
    Lo preparaban.
  1130. I was doing it.
    Lo hacía.
  1131. He was doing it.
    Lo hacía.
  1132. You were doing it. (señor)
    Lo hacía.
  1133. You were doing it. (Roberto)
    Lo hacías.
  1134. They were doing it.
    Lo hacían.
  1135. He was telling me.
    Me decía.
  1136. I have not understood what you were saying.
    No he entendido lo que decía.
  1137. The w-ing tense (-aba, -ía) in Spanish expresses a straight line in the past. It isused for short and long periods in the past.
  1138. ‘ITheusedw-ingto dotenseit’ oralso‘I didexpressesit very oftena broken/ alllinethe time’.in the past, such as
  1139. He did it everyday.
    Lo hacía todos los días.
  1140. done / made
    hecho
  1141. You can also dive after‘to be’.
  1142. It is done.
    Está hecho.
  1143. I have done it.
    Lo he hecho.
  1144. I have prepared it.
    Lo he preparado.
  1145. Dinner is prepared.
    La cena está preparada.
  1146. I have accepted the condition.
    He aceptado la condición.
  1147. I have told you.
    Le he dicho.
  1148. You haven’t told me.
    No me ha dicho.
  1149. Why haven’t you told me?
    ¿Por qué no me ha dicho?
  1150. Another exception in diving is the verb ‘to see’: ‘ver’ becomes ‘visto’.
  1151. I have seen it.
    Lo he visto.
  1152. I haven’t seen it yet.
    Todavía no lo he visto.
  1153. Another exception is the go-go verb ‘to put’: ‘poner’becomes ‘puesto’.
  1154. Where have you put it? (Roberto)
    ¿Dónde lo has puesto?
  1155. We have put it here.
    Lo hemos puesto aquí.
  1156. to forget
    olvidar
  1157. I won’t forget it.
    No lo olvidaré.
  1158. sure
    seguro
  1159. I am sure.
    Estoy seguro/segura.
  1160. I am sure that we won’t forget it.
    Estoy seguro que no lo
  1161. I didn’t forget it.
    No lo he olvidado.
  1162. to leave
    salir
  1163. to leave something behind
    dejar
  1164. message
    recado
  1165. I have left a message for you.
    He dejado un recado para usted.
  1166. to spend time
    pasar el tiempo
  1167. We have spent much time.
    Hemos pasado mucho tiempo.
  1168. We have not spent much time. No hemos pasado mucho tiempo.
  1169. That is a very good idea.
    Eso es una buena idea.
  1170. It is not a bad idea.
    No es una mala idea.
  1171. How much time did you spend? (Roberto)
    ¿Cuánto tiempo has pasado?
  1172. to prefer
    preferir
  1173. I prefer
    prefiero
  1174. I prefer staying here.
    Prefiero quedarme aquí.
  1175. to feel like
    tener ganas
  1176. I feel like staying here.
    Tengo ganas de quedarme aquí.
  1177. I feel like being here with all of you.
    Tengo ganas de estar aquí con ustedes.
  1178. I would like to see it.
    Me gustaría verlo.
  1179. I would like to make a reservation.
    Me gustaría hacer una reservación.
  1180. How long do you plan on staying?
    ¿Cuánto tiempo piensa quedarse?
  1181. to ask
    preguntar
  1182. I would like to ask you.
    Me gustaría preguntarle.
  1183. I would ask you later.
    Le preguntaría más tarde.
  1184. I will ask you later.
    Le preguntaré más tarde.
  1185. I am going to ask you later.
    Voy a preguntarle más tarde.
  1186. I will call you later.
    Le llamaré más tarde.
  1187. ‘para’ means ‘for’, butin front of a verb it means ‘in order to’. For example: ‘in order to know’ is ‘para saber’.
  1188. I am going to call you later to ask you if you can come see it with us tonight.
    Voy a llamarle más tarde para preguntarle si puede venir a verlo con nosotros esta noche.
  1189. At what time do we arrive tomorrow?
    ¿A qué hora llegamos mañana?
  1190. ‘acabo de’ + infinitive means ‘Ihave just …’. For example, ‘I have just seen it’ is ‘acabo de verlo’.
  1191. I’ve just left.
    Acabo de salir.
  1192. ‘acaba de’ means ‘he has just ...’.
  1193. He has just left.
    Acaba de salir.
  1194. ‘hace’ (it makes) is also used for ‘ago’. For example, ‘acaba de salir hace diez minutos’ is ‘he has just left ten minutes ago’.
  1195. I have just seen it.
    Acabo de verlo.
  1196. I have just arrived here two days ago.
    Acabo de llegar aquí hace dos días.
  1197. I have just arrived here two weeks ago.
    Acabo de llegar aquí hace dos semanas.

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