8. Relate the major events of the Diet of Worms.
11.8A: The diet convened in Jan1521, and drafted and edict against Luther on Feb 17. The diet determined that no one should be placed under the ban without a hearing, and therewith issued a new invitation to Luther guaranteeing safe conduct. Luther arrived Apr 16 with 2,000 people escorting him through the city streets. The first hearing (Apr 17) posed two questions to Luther: did he author the numerous books assembled on the tables, and would he recant? Luther replied “yes” to the first, and requested time to answer the second “without loops and holes.” The next day at nightfall Luther gave his answer: “Unless I can be instructed and convinced from the Holy Scriptures or with open, clear, and distinct grounds and reasoning—and my conscience is captive to the Word of God—then I cannot and will not recant, because it is neither safe nor wise to act against conscience. Here I stand. I can do no other. God help me! Amen.”
The diet, wielding the power of the Empire, would have had Luther executed were it not for the complication of the co-indictment of many others including Hutten, who possessed the military power to attack Worms with his forces. They desired a new bull from the pope isolating Luther. Luther thereby gained time and represented himself. On Apr 26, Luther left Worms and was hijacked and arrived at Wartburg castle where he resided for 10 months under the name Junker George. On May 26 the Edict of Worms was finally issued, by which Luther was declared an outlaw. Charles V was thus officially against the monk and Luther’s life was under constant threat.