Ch. 13 Social Psychology
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Diffusion of Responsibility
reduced feeling of personal responsibility in the presence of others
More people = less responsibility
individuals become less productive in groups
E.g. group projects in school
error of assuming that no one in group percieves things as we do.
"It must just be me"
happens when groups of people fail to aid someone in obvious need.
a way to guard against cult-like thinking. Involves introducing an idea as valid and then debunking it.
adherence to instructions from higher authority
emphasis on group unanimity at the expense of critical thinking and sound decision making
tendency to engage in uncharacteristic behavior when stripped of usual identity
(stanford prison study)
tendency to alter behavior as a result of group pressure
Social Comparison Theory
we seek to evaluate our beliefs, atitudes and abilites by comparing ourselves with others
Fundamental Attribution Error
tendency to overestimate the impact of internal factors on other peoples behavior
occur when we attribute an individuals behavior to his/her circumstances or other conditions
occur when we assign causes to specific characteristics of an individual
process of assigning causes to behavior
disruption of difficlut tasks in presence of others
enhancement of tasks elicited by mere presence of others
track and field?
Need to Belong Theory
biologically based need for interpersonal connections
A trait reflecting the process of comparing beliefs to behaviors
Cognitive Dissonance Theory
mental distress resulting from two conflicting thoughts or beliefs
Our attitudes are built on our won observations of behaviors
Impression Management Theory
We're lying about our changed attitudes to maintain others perception of us
Foot in the Door Persuasion
make a small request before making a bigger one
Door in the Face Persuasion
make unreasonably large request before making a reasonable smal request that we were really hoping for
Low Ball Persuasion
Obtain an agreement, then change the deal
making assumptions about a person, group of people or situation before evaluating evidence
negative behavior towards members of a group other then your own
evolutionarily adaptive trait based on distrust of the unfamiliar
favor individuals inside our group relative to those outside
belief that people outsied the group are all highly similar
belief (positive or negative) about the characteristics of a group that is applied to most of the individual members of the group
Ultimate Attribution Error
attributing behavior of entire groups to their dispositions
deep need to believe that the world is fair
What would you like to do?
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