Principles Chapter 37 Perioperative Nursing Terms

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Principles Chapter 37 Perioperative Nursing Terms
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Principles Chapter 37 Perioperative Nursing Terms
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Chapter 37: Perioperative Nursing Terms
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  1. collapse of the air sacs
    Atelectasis
  2. coordinates activities and manages client care by continually assessing client safety, aseptic practice, and the environment (e.g., temperature, humidity, and lighting); with the scrub nurse, is responsible for accounting for all sponges, needles, and instruments at the close of surgery
    Circulating nurse
  3. consists of a drain connected to either an electric suction or a portable drainage suction
    Closed wound drainage system
  4. a minimal depression of level of consciousness during which the client retains the ability to consciously maintain a patent airway and respond appropriately to verbal and physical stimuli
    Conscious Sedation
  5. performed when surgical intervention is the preferred treatment for a condition that is not imminently life threatening or to improve the client's life
    Elective Surgery
  6. surgery that is performed immediately to preserve function or the life of the client
    Emergency surgery
  7. the injection of an anesthetic agent into the epidural space
    Epidural anesthesia
  8. the induced loss of all sensation and consciousness
    General anesthesia
  9. the phase of surgery that begins when the client is transferred to the operating room and ends when the client is admitted to the postanesthesia care unit
    Intraoperative phase
  10. surgery that involves a high degree of risk for a variety of reasons; it may be complicated or prolonged; large losses of blood may occur; vital organs may be involved; postoperative complications may occur
    Major surgery
  11. surgery that involves little risk, produces few complications, and is often performed in a "day surgery" facility
    Minor surgery
  12. chemical interruption of a nerve pathway effected by injecting a local anesthetic
    Nerve Block
  13. a flat, thin, rubber tube inserted into a wound to allow for fluid to flow from the wound; it has an open end that drains onto a dressing
    Penrose drain
  14. a flat, thin, rubber tube inserted into a wound to allow for fluid to flow from the wound; it has an open end that drains onto a dressing
    Peridural anesthesia
  15. refers to the three phases of surgery: preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative
    Perioperative period
  16. the period of surgery that begins with the admission of the client to the postanesthesia area and ends when healing is complete
    • Postoperative phase
    • or
    • Postanesthesia room (PAR)
  17. the period of surgery that begins when the decision for surgery has been made and ends when the client is transferred to the operating room bed
    Preoperative phase
  18. the temporary interruption of the transmission of nerve impulses to and from a specific area or region of the body; the client loses sensation in an area of the body but remains conscious
    Regional anesthesia
  19. usually UAP but can be a registered nurse (RN) or LPN; assists the surgeons by draping the client with sterile drapes and handling sterile instruments and supplies; with the circulating nurse, is responsible for accounting for all sponges, needles, and instruments at the close of surgery
    Scrub person
  20. anesthesia produced by injecting an anesthetic agent into the subarachnoid space surrounding the spinal cord; also referred to as a subarachnoid block (SAB)
    • Spinal anesthesia
    • or
    • Subarachnoid block (SAB)
  21. (surface anesthesia) applied directly to the skin and mucous membranes, open skin surfaces, wounds, and burns
    • Surface anesthesia
    • or
    • Topical anesthesia
  22. a thread used to sew body tissues together
    Suture
  23. inflammation of a vein followed by formation of a blood clot
    Thrombophlebitis
  24. a solid mass of blood constituents in the circulatory system; a clot (plural: thrombi)
    Thrombus
  25. passage of fluid (e.g., blood) through a specific organ or body part
    Tissue Perfusion

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