Final Psych Ch. 1

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  1. Psychology
    • -the study of behavior that is tested through scientific research
    • -goals of psychology- describe, explain, predict, and influence behavior
  2. Hypothesis
    • an assumption about behavior
    • that is tested through scientific research
  3. Theory
    a set of assumptions used to explain a phenomena and offered for scientific study
  4. Wilhelm Wundt
    • 1879- credited w/ setting up the first psychology laboratory in Leipzig, Germany (Laboratory of Psychology)
    • Said psychololgy has 2 kinds of elements- sensations and feelings
    • followed procedure known as introspection
    • Focused on structure of the mind
  5. Phrenology
    • the practice of examining bumps on a person's skull
    • used to determine that persons intellect and character traits
  6. Behaviorist
    psychologist who analyzes how organisms learn/modify their behavior based on their response to events in the environment
  7. Cognitivist
    psychologist who studies how we process, store, retrieve, & use info, & how cognitive processes influence our behavior
  8. Psychiatry
    a branch of medicine that deals w/ mental, emotional, or behavioral disorders
  9. Psychologist
    a scientist who studies the mind & behavior of humans & animals
  10. American Psychological Association (APA)
    a scientific & professional society of psychologists & educators
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Final Psych Ch. 1
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