Chapter 6 Bones and Joints_2

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Chapter 6 Bones and Joints_2
2011-12-30 17:34:27
Bones Joints

Barron's Anatomy and Physiology
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  1. Flat bones help protect the delicate tissues of the
    a) abdoment and appentages
    b) thorax and brain
    c) spinal cord and appendages
    d) abdoment and spinal cord
  2. All the following are functions of the skeletal system except
    a) storing lipid and calcium
    b) serving as sites for blood cell formation
    c) supporting the body
    d) coordinating the body activities
  3. The irregular bones of the body include the
    a) patellae of the knee caps and Wormian bones of the skull joints
    b) carpals and tarsals
    c) scapulae and ribs
    d) humerus of the upper arm and femur of the upper leg
  4. All the following are bones of the axial skeleton except
    a) bones of the ribcage
    b) the vertebrae
    c) bones of the skull
    d) arm and leg bones
  5. The hydroxyapatite of bone is composed mostly of
    a) calcium phosphate
    b) collagen and calcium carbonate
    c) ligaments and tendons
    d) fibrinogen and sodium phosphate
  6. Blood cell formation occurs in
    a) red bone marrow
    b) yellow bone marrow
    c) osteons
    d) trabeculae
  7. The diaphysis and epiphysis are portions of a
    a) rib bone
    b) flat bone
    c) pelvic bone
    d) long bone
  8. The periosteum is a connective tissue membrane that
    a) found withing the marrow
    b) makes up part of the ligament
    c) covers portions of bones
    d) synthesizes the collagen of bone
  9. Perforating canals connect the central canals with one another in the
    a) epiphyseal plate
    b) periosteum
    c) osteons
    d) yellow bone marrow
  10. The principal bone-forming cell of the body are
    a) osteoclasts
    b) osteocytes
    c) osteoblasts
    d) pericytes
  11. Intramembranous ossification is a type of bone formation occuring in the
    a) femur and humerus
    b) radius and ulna
    c) phalanges
    d) skull bones
  12. Endochondral ossification occurs at the
    a) yellow bone marrow
    b) epiphyseal plate
    c) periosteal membranes
    d) synovial cavity
  13. Bones ceases to lenghten when the
    a) red marrow becomes yellow
    b) epiphyseal plate turns to yellow bone marrow
    c) end of puberty is reached
    d) patella forms
  14. Cells that destroy bone and provide calcium for the body are known as
    a) calcicytes
    b) histiocytes
    c) osteoclasts
    d) periclasts
  15. A synarthrosis is a type of joint found
    a) in the arms and legs
    b) in the skull
    c) where the radius meets the humerus
    d) between the vertebrae
  16. Both a gomphosis and syndesmosis are types of
    a) slightly movable joints
    b) freely movable joints
    c) immovable joints
    d) disjoints
  17. Where the two pubic bones come together, the joint that forms is
    a) amphiarthrotic
    b) diarthrotic
    c) gomphotic
    d) synarthrotic
  18. A diarthrotic joint occurs at all the following locations except
    a) the knee
    b) the elbow
    c) the wrist
    d) the skull
  19. The function of synovial fluid is to
    a) regulate the calcium content at the joint
    b) lubricate a diarthrotic joint
    c) synthesize the proteins of ligaments
    d) manufacture red blood cells
  20. An example of a hinged joint is found at the
    a) vertebral column
    b) junction of atlas and axis
    c) knee
    d) glenoid cavity
  21. Where the concave surface of one bone fits the convex surface of another bone, the joint is known as a
    a) gliding joint
    b) ball-and-socket joint
    c) hinged joint
    d) saddle joint
  22. When the joint moves and reduces the angle between two bones at the joint, the movement is called a
    a) protraction
    b) flexion
    c) pronation
    d) supination
  23. Moving a body part away from the body's midline and back to the midline represent two movements known as
    a) pronation and supination
    b) elevation and depression
    c) abduction and adduction
    d) flexion and extension
  24. Pronation is a joint movement in which
    a) the forearm is rotated so the palm is backward
    b) the forearm is rotated so the palm faces forward
    c) a body part such as the shoulders is raised
    d) a body part such as the shoulders is lowered
  25. Turning the foot so that the sole faces outward is a movement called
    a) extension
    b) protraction
    c) eversion
    d) abduction