Chapter 6 Bones and Joints_1

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Author:
Tomlearning
ID:
125128
Filename:
Chapter 6 Bones and Joints_1
Updated:
2011-12-30 17:28:09
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Bones Joints
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Description:
Review question from Barron's Anatomy and Physiology
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  1. Flat bones provide protection for the brain and the organs of the abdomen.
    thorax
  2. The end portions of long bones are known as diaphyses
    epiphyses
  3. Irregular bones of the body include the Wormian bones found in the skull.
    TRUE
  4. "The appendicular skeleton includes bones that form the skull, vertebral column and ribcages."
    axial skeleton
  5. The matrix of protein fibers found in the bone is composed of albumin.
    collagen
  6. "The place within the bone where red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets are produced is called the osteon."
    red bone marrow
  7. "In places where a cartilage cover is lacking, the long bone is covered with a connective tissue membrane called the epiosteum."
    periosteum
  8. The fundamental anatomical unit of compact bone is called the osteon.
    TRUE
  9. "Bone formation is carried on the osteoblasts, which later become inactive cells called osteoclasts."
    osteocytes
  10. Spaces within the rings of an osteon contain the osteocytes and are known as lamellae.
    lacunae
  11. Intramembranous ossification is a type of bone formation that occurs in bones of legs.
    skull
  12. Endochondral ossification takes place at the diaphysis plate.
    epiphyseal plate
  13. The lengthening of a long bone comes to an end when the epiphyseal plate turns to cartilage.
    bone
  14. Osteoclasts dissove bone and supply the body with phosphate and calcium.
    TRUE
  15. Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by excessive buildup of bone.
    breakdown
  16. Those joints that are freely movable are known as synarthroses.
    diarthroses
  17. "Where the frontal bone of the skull meets the two parietal bones, the joint is called a suture."
    TRUE
  18. A fibrous membrane connects the shafts of two adjacent long bones in a joint known as a gomphosis.
    syndesmosis
  19. "The pubic symphysis, the place where the two bubic bones come together is an example of a diarthrosis."
    amphiarthrosis
  20. The synovial fluid lubricates the joint where two flat bones articulate.
    long bones
  21. Fluid-filled sacs called bursae are found in the patella of the knee and between the skin and bony prominences lying beneath the skin.
    TRUE
  22. "Where the femur articulates with the acetabulum, the joint is known as a ball-and-socket joint."
    TRUE
  23. A condyloid joint is a type of diarthotic joint in which movement occurs in one plane only.
    hinge joint
  24. A flexion refers to the movement taking place at a joint to increase the angle between two bones.
    reduce
  25. An abduction is a joint movement in which a body part moves away from the midline, while a supination is a movement in which the body part moves toward the midline.
    adduction

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