Latin American Basic Positions.txt

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Author:
Markaich
ID:
125182
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Latin American Basic Positions.txt
Updated:
2012-12-11 08:11:20
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Latin Dance Theory Positions laird Exam1
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Latin American Basic Positions
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  1. CLOSE HOLD - Rumba, Samba & Cha Cha Cha
    • Stand approximately 6" (15cm) apart, lady slightly to man's right;
    • Weight on either foot, lady normally opposite;
    • Man's Right Hand placed on lady's back 'cupping' the lower part of her Left shoulder blade;
    • His Right Arm held in a soft curve with elbow at approximately chest level;
    • Man's Left Arm is held in a soft curve, matching the Right but with the forearm raised;
    • His Left Hand is held, with wrist straight, approximately level with his nose;
    • Lady's Right Hand is held lightly by the man in his Left Hand on an imaginary line through the centre of the two bodies
    • Lady's Left Arm rests lightly on man's Right Arm, following the same curve;
    • Her Left Hand rests lightly on man's Right Shoulder;
  2. CLOSE HOLD - Jive
    • Stand approximately 6" (15cm) apart, lady slightly to man's right;
    • Weight on either foot, lady normally opposite;
    • Man's Right Hand placed on lady's back 'cupping' the lower part of her Left shoulder blade;
    • His Right Arm held in a soft curve with elbow at slightly below chest level;
    • Man's Left Arm is held in a soft curve, matching the Right but with the forearm raised;
    • His Left Hand is held, with wrist straight, approximately level with his chin;
    • Lady's Right Hand is held lightly by the man in his Left Hand on an imaginary line through the centre of the two bodies
    • Lady's Left Arm rests lightly on man's Right Arm, following the same curve;
    • Her Left Hand rests lightly on man's Right Shoulder;
  3. CLOSE HOLD - Paso Doble
    • Stand in close contact from thigh to chest, lady slightly to man's right;
    • Weight on either foot, lady normally opposite;
    • Man's Right Hand placed on lady's back 'cupping' the lower part of her Left shoulder blade;
    • His Right Arm held in a soft curve with elbow at approximately chest level;
    • Man's Left Arm is held in a soft curve, matching the Right but with the forearm raised;
    • His Left Hand is held, with wrist straight, approximately level with the top of his head;
    • Lady's Right Hand is held lightly by the man in his Left Hand on an imaginary line through the centre of the two bodies
    • Lady's Left Arm rests lightly on man's Right Arm, following the same curve;
    • Her Left Hand rests lightly on man's Right Shoulder;Similar to the above but:
  4. PROMENADE POSITION - Samba, Jive & Paso Doble
    • Starting in Close Hold, Promenade Position is achieved by:
    • man and lady turning 1/8 outward (Man L, Lady R);
    • man's Left Hand (lady's Right) is lowered to just below shoulder height;
    • up to 1/4 turn to Left (to Right for lady) can be made for figures that require pelvic action (e.g. Promenade Samba Walks); the turn in shoulders is slightly less in this instance;
    • man's Right (Lady's Left) hip will be either in contact or, up 6in (15cm) apart depending on figure to be danced, weight on either foot;
    • if hips are in contact or in close proximity, man's Right hand moves to just below lady's Right shoulder blade and lady's Left arm rests across man's back at approximately shoulder blade height.
  5. COUNTER PROMENADE POSITION - Samba & Paso Doble
    • Starting in Close Hold, Counter Promenade Position is achieved by:
    • man turns 1/8 to Right, Lady to Left;
    • the bodies are approximately 10in (25cm) apart;
    • man's Left Hand (lady's Right) is raised above head level with elbow slightly retracted;
    • man's Right Arm is forward, slightly retracted just below shoulder level and hand slipped from lady's left shoulder to a position at the top of her left arm;
    • lady's Left Arm will rest lightly on man's right, following the same curve.
  6. FALLAWAY POSITION - Jive & Paso Doble
    • Similar to Promenade Position except:
    • man takes a step back with his Left Foot (Lady Right);
    • the turn between bodies does not normally exceed 1/4 (man 1/8 L, lady 1/8 Right).
  7. CONTRA PROMENADE POSITION - Samba
    • Similar to Close Hold, except:
    • both man and lady have their weight on the Left foot;
    • both have turned 1/8 Left from Close Hold position
  8. CONTRA COUNTER PROMENADE POSITION - Samba
    • Similar to Close Hold, except:
    • both man and lady have their weight on the Right foot;
    • both have turned 1/8 Right from Close Hold position
  9. OPEN POSITION
    • Man and lady are approximately arms length apart, facing each other (sometimes slightly closer in figures that are finished 'to side in open position, such as spot turn);
    • Weight on either foot, lady normally opposite (the actual position of the feet depends on figures used to achieve open position)
    • Hand hold will depend on the following figure and can be:
    • man's Left to lady's Right Hand (L-R),
    • man's Right to lady's Left Hand (R-L),
    • man's Left to lady's Left Hand (L-L),
    • man's Right to lady's Right Hand (R-R),
    • Double Hand Hold (L-R & R-L), or
    • no hold
    • When hand hold is used, the arm of the hand(s) being used is held forward, slightly retracted just below breast bone level; the free hand is held to the side, slightly retracted (retracted in Jive) in a soft curve from the shoulder
    • When no hold is used, both arms are held forward and retracted with elbows close to body.
  10. OPEN PROMENADE POSITION - Rumba, Samba & Cha Cha Cha
    • R-L Hand Hold
    • Similar to Open Position (R-L) with man's weight on Left Foot, lady's on Right with the following differences:
    • the man's Right Arm, lady's Left, is diagonally forward, slightly retracted;
    • man turns up to a 1/4 to the Left, lady up to a 1/4 to the Right;
    • where there is a 1/4 turn difference (man & lady turn 1/8 each), foot position is Side in Open Promenade Position;
    • where there is a 1/2 turn difference (man & lady turn 1/4 each), foot position is Forward in Open Promenade Position.
    • L-R Hand Hold
    • Similar to Open Position (L-R) with man's weight on Left Foot, lady's on Right with the following differences:
    • man turns 1/8 to the Left, lady to the Right;
    • foot position is Side in Open Promenade Position.
  11. OPEN COUNTER PROMENADE POSITION - Rumba, Samba & Cha Cha Cha
    • Similar to Open Position (L-R) with man's weight on Right Foot, lady's on Left with the following differences:
    • the man's Left Arm, lady's Right, is diagonally forward, slightly retracted;
    • man turns up to a 1/4 to the Right, lady up to a 1/4 to the Left;
    • where there is a 1/4 turn difference (man & lady turn 1/8 each), foot position is Side in Open Counter Promenade Position;
    • where there is a 1/2 turn difference (man & lady turn 1/4 each), foot position is Forward in Open Counter Promenade Position.
  12. OPEN FALLAWAY POSITION - Rumba & Cha Cha Cha
    • L-R Hand Hold
    • from Open Position (L-R), man and lady turn 1/4 turn outward (man to Right, lady to Left) taking a backward walk;
    • man's Left Arm, lady's Right are diagonally forward, slightly retracted just below breast bone level;
    • man's Right Arm, lady's Left are extended to the side at shoulder level;
    • due to the body shaping caused by hip action, the man's Right Arm, lady's Left appears higher than the other arm.
    • R-L Hand Hold
    • from Open Position (L-R), man and lady turn 1/4 turn outward (man to Left, lady to Right) taking a backward walk;
    • man's Right Arm, lady's Left are diagonally forward, slightly retracted just below breast bone level;
    • man's Left Arm, lady's Right are extended to the side at shoulder level;
    • due to the body shaping caused by hip action, the man's Left Arm, lady's Right appears higher than the other arm.
  13. OPEN CONTRA PROMENADE POSITION - Samba
    • Similar to Open Position (R-R) except:
    • both man and lady have their weight on the Left foot;
    • both have turned 1/8 Left from Open Position
    • Arm positions are as for Open Position.
    • Hand holds used are R-R or double hand hold
  14. OPEN CONTRA COUNTER PROMENADE POSITION - Samba
    • Similar to Open Position except:
    • both man and lady have their weight on the Right foot;
    • both have turned 1/8 Right from Open position
    • Arm positions are as for Open Position.
    • Hand holds used are L-L or double hand hold
  15. FAN POSITION - Rumba & Cha Cha Cha
    • Lady is almost at arm's length on man's Left side with her body at right angles to his;
    • Lady's Left Foot is back, supporting her whole weight following a backward walk;
    • Man's Right Foot is to the side and slightly forward, supporting his whole weight
    • An imaginary line from the lady's Right Foot would pass approximately 6" (15cm) in from of the man's body;
    • Man's Left Hand, palm upward is held beneath the lady's Right Hand (palm down) with his thumb closed on the back of her hand;
    • Lady's Right Arm is held forward, slightly retracted just below shoulder level;
    • Man's Left Arm is to the side, slightly retracted just below shoulder level;
    • Man's Right and lady's Left Arm are to the side, slightly retracted making a soft curve from the shoulder;
    • Heads are held naturally, looking forward.
  16. SHADOW POSITION WITH L TO R AND R TO L HAND HOLD - Rumba, Samba & Cha Cha Cha
    • Lady is positioned on the man's Right Side slightly in advance of his body, facing the same direction;
    • Her weight can be either on normally opposite or the same foot as the man depending on figure to be danced;
    • Man's Right Hand holds the lady's Left, with her Left Arm being held across the front of her body;
    • Man's Left Hand holds the lady's Right; with her Right Arm held across the front of the body and above the Left Arm;
    • Arms are forward, slightly retracted across the body at chest level;
    • Weight is on the normal, opposite foot;
    • An Alternative
    • Man's Right Hand on lady's shoulder blade with the arm to the side and slightly retracted;
    • Lady's Left Arm remains forward, slightly retracted across her body but held above her Right Arm.
    • Either of the holds can be used for Forward Walks in Shadow Position.
  17. SHADOW POSITION WITH L TO L HAND AND R TO R SHOULDER HOLD - Rumba, Samba & Cha Cha Cha
    • Lady is positioned on the man's Right Side slightly in advance of his body, facing the same direction;
    • Her weight can be either on normally opposite or the same foot as the man depending on figure to be danced;
    • Lady's Left Arm is to the side, slightly retracted just below shoulder level;
    • Man's Left Hand holds the lady's Left Wrist, his arm making a similar curve to the lady's Left Arm;
    • Man's Right Hand placed just below lady's Right Shoulder blade with the arm slightly retracted;
    • Lady's Right Arm is to side, slightly retracted making a soft curve from her shoulder.
    • This is called the Same Hand Hold Shadow Position and is used in Rumba on the normal opposite foot
  18. SPANISH LINE - Paso Doble
    • Is both a shape and basic position, described in detail in the Spanish Line tab
    • Basically:
    • Supporting foot is back with toe turned out
    • Other foot has no weight and:
    • is stepped across body
    • heel is raised (high)
    • knee is bent

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