Structural Steel Detailing pt. 9

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Structural Steel Detailing pt. 9
2011-12-28 14:06:10
Construction Structural Steel Detailing

From the glossary of Detailing For Steel Construction Second Edition
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  1. a load that is distributed uniformly over a portion or full length of the beam or girder.
    Uniform load
  2. A plate rolled between horizontal and vertical rolls and trimmed (sheared or gas cut) on ends only, as distinguished from a sheared plate.
    Universal Mill (UM) plate
  3. To enlarge the end of a rod by hammering or pressing into a die while hot.
  4. The intersection of two roofs where drainage is toward the intersection as distinguished from a hip.
  5. A system of shear walls, braced frames or both extending through one or more floors of a building.
    Vertical bracing system
  6. In orthographic projection a view is the projection of an object upon a plane by means of parallel lines.
  7. A rod or a pair of angles used to anchor a wall bearing beam to a masonry wall.
    Wall anchor
  8. A bearing plate on a wall used to distribute the load from a steel beam or girder. Also, a plate along the top of a beam to furnish bearing for a superimposed wall.
    Wall plate
  9. Usually a flat disc with a central hole placed under the head or the nut of a bolt. Also, may be a square bar with a central or eccentric hole.
  10. The minor principal axis of a cross section denoted as the Y-Y axis.
    Weak axis
  11. The web plate of a built-up girder or a column. Also, the corresponding thin portion between the flanges of a rolled W, M, S, HP, C or MC shape.
  12. The buckling of a web or web plate.
    Web buckling
  13. The angles at the end of a beam or girder used to connect to another member.
    Web connection angles
  14. The local failure of a web plate in the immediate vicinity of a concentrated load or reaction.
    Web crippling
  15. An intermediate member of a truss between the chords.
    Web member
  16. A splice in the web of a rolled shape or in a web plate.
    Web splice
  17. To connect metal parts by fusion of the parts, with or without additional metal, the necessary heat being supplied by electric arc or otherwise.
  18. The exposed surface of a weld on the side from which welding was done.
    Weld face
  19. A single progression of welding along a joint, the result of which is a weld bead or layer.
  20. Weld pass
  21. The point at which the root surface intersects the base metal surfaces. In a fillet weld the root is the point at which the legs intersect.
    Weld root
  22. The metal particles expelled during fusion welding that do not form a part of the weld. These particles stick to the surrounding metal.
    Weld splatter
  23. The shortest distance between the root and face of a fillet weld.
    Weld throat
  24. Necessary working space around a welded joint so that the electrode can be used to the best advantage.
    Welding clearance
  25. A common, rolled structural steel shape used principally as a beam of column and referred to as a W shape.
    Wide-flange beam
  26. A system of bracing which resists loads induced by the wind.
    Wind bracing
  27. A bracket used to stiffen a joint to resist loads caused by the wind.
    Wind bracket
  28. A detailed drawing prepared for the workers who fabricate the members or parts represented.
    Working drawing
  29. A reference line to which the dimensions of a member are referred. Used in conjunction with the working lines of other members to form a system of working lines of a truss or a bracing system. Tlso, used at the site as a reference to locate, for example, foundation walls, piers, shear walls, embedments, edges of floor slabe and equipment.
    Working line
  30. Also called service load. The actual load assumed to be acting on the structure.
    Working load
  31. The intersection of two or more working lines.
    Working point
  32. A connection in which the end of the web of a beam or girder is connected to the inside face of a single-angle.
    Wrapped connection
  33. The first stress in a material at which an increase in strain occurs whithout an increase in stress, the yield point being less than the maximum attainable (ultimate) stress.
    Yield point
  34. The strength at which a material exhibits a specified limiting deviation from the proportionality of stress to strain. Deviation is expressed in terms of strain.
    Yield strength
  35. Yield point, yield strength as defined.
    Yield stress