Cardiopulmonary Anatomy Respiratory Des Jardins

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Cardiopulmonary Anatomy Respiratory Des Jardins
2012-01-01 00:25:19
Respiratory anatomy Des Jardin Unit1

Chapter 1 Anatomy and Physiology of the Respiratory System Objectives
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  1. 3 major componets upper airway
    • Nose
    • Oral Cavity
    • Pharynx
  2. 4 Primary functions of Upper Airway
    • Conductor of Air
    • Humidify Air
    • Prevent Aspiration
    • Area for Speech and Smell
  3. 5 Primary Functions of Nose
    • Filter
    • Humidify
    • Warm
    • Smell
    • Resonates in Phonation
  4. Identify these 7 structures that form the outer portion of the nose:
    • Nasal Bones
    • Frontal process of the maxilla
    • Lateral nasal cartilage
    • Greater alar cartilage
    • Lesser alar cartilages
    • Septal cartilage
    • Fibrous fatty tissue
  5. Be able to identify the structures that form the internal portion of the nose:
    • -Nasal Septum- perpendicular plae of the ethmoid,Vomer,Septal catilage
    • -Nasal Bones-Frontal process for the maxilla-Cribriform plate of the ethmoid-Palatine processs of the maxilla-Palatine bones-Soft palate-Nares-Vestibule-Vibrssae-Stratified squamous epithelium-Pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium -Turbinates(conchae)Superior,Middle,Inferior-Paranasal sinuses,Maillary,Frontal,Ethmoid,Sphenoid-Olfactory Region-Choanae
  6. Identify structures of Oral cavity
    • Vestibule-Hard Palate,Palatine process of the maxilla,Palatine bones
    • - Soft palate-Uvula-Levator veli palatinum muscle-Palatopharyngeal muscles-Stratified squamous epithelium-Palatine arches,Palatoglossal arch,Palatopharyngeal arch-Palatine tonsils
  7. Where are and what is the job of the Conducting Airway
    Conducting airway is passageway between ambient environment and the alveoli of the lungs important to overall ventilation no gas exchange occurs it this area
  8. Outer portion of the Nose is composed of...
    Bone & Cartilage
  9. The upper third of the nose or bridge is made of these two...
    • Nasal Bones
    • Frontal process of the Maxilla
  10. The lower 2/3rds of the Nose consists of these 4 cartilages and one tissue...
    • Lateral nasal caritlage
    • Greater alar cartilage
    • Lesser alar cartilage
    • Septal cartialge
    • Fibrous fatty tissue
  11. What 2 bones form the posterior nasal septum
    Perpendicular plate of the Ethmoid bone and the Vomer
  12. What seperates the nasal cavity into 2 equal parts?
    Nasal Septum
  13. The anterior of the septum is formed by...
    Septal Cartilage
  14. The roof of the nasal cavity is formed by these 3 bones
    • Nasal Bones
    • Frontal process of the maxilla
    • Cribriform of the ethmoid plate
  15. The floor of the nasal cavity also forms the roodf of the mouth hard palate and is composed of 2 bones..
    • Palantine process of the maxilla
    • The Palantine bones
  16. The posterior section of the nasal cavity floor is formed by the superior portion of the Soft Palate of the oral cavity and is composed of..
    soft palate consists of a flexible mass of densely packed collagen fibers
  17. Air enters the nasal cavity through the two openings formed by the septal cartilage and the alae nasi called the..
    Nares or Nostrils
  18. What is the Vestibule of the nose
    Vestibule is the slightly dilated area where air initally passes through
  19. Vibrissae are what and where?
    Contained in the vestibule the vibrissae are hair follicles that function as a filter and is the first line of defense for the tracheobronchial tree
  20. What lines the anterior one-third of the nasal cavity
    Noncilitated Stratified Squamous epthelium lines the anterior one third of the nasal cavity
  21. The posterior two-thirds of the nasal cavity arelined with
    Ciliated Pseudostratified columnar epithelium-the cilia porpel mucus toward the nasopharynx
  22. Name the 3 boney protrusions on the lateral wall of the nasal cavity
    superior, middle and inferior nasal turbinates or conchae-the turbinates seperate inspired gas into several different airstreams which increases contact of inspired air to the warm moist surface of the nasal mucosa for humidification and warming
  23. Where are the Paranasal sinuses located
    Paranasla sinuses are the air filled cavities openings located immediatley below the superior and middle turbinates (conchae) in the bones of the skull that communicate with the nasal cavity
  24. Name the 4 sinuses that comprise the Paranasla sinus
    • Maxillary
    • Frontal
    • Ethmoid
    • Sphenoid sinuses
  25. role of the Paranasla sinus
    • produce mucus
    • act as resonating chambers
    • receptors for sense of smell
  26. Location of the Olafactory receptors
    sense of smell receptors located in the olfactory region which is near the superior and middle turbinate (chonchae)
  27. Choanae are ...
    The two nasal passageways between the nares and the nasopharnyx are called the Chonanae
  28. m