IDTA Associate Theory - PASO DOBLE.txt

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Markaich
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125321
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IDTA Associate Theory - PASO DOBLE.txt
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2012-12-11 08:10:59
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Latin Dance Paso Doble Laird Theory Exam3
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IDTA Associate Theory - PASO DOBLE
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  1. Basic Movement, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 2: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 4: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 6: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 7: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 8: LEFT foot forward
  2. Basic Movement, Men's Footwork
    Ball throughout
  3. Basic Movement, Men's Action Used
    Very short steps forward on balls of feet with strong pressure into the floor
  4. Basic Movement, Men's Body Turn
    • 1/2 turn to Left
    • Can be danced without turn or curved to Right or Left, moving forward or back.
    • May be used in place of Sur Place to achieve desired alighnment
  5. Basic Movement, Shaping
    Close hold throughout
  6. Basic Movement, Lady's Foot Position
    • Step 1: LEFT foot back
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 3: LEFT foot back
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 5: LEFT foot back
    • Step 6: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 7: LEFT foot back
    • Step 8: RIGHT foot back
  7. Basic Movement, Lady's footwork
    Ball throughout
  8. Basic Movement, Lady's Action Used
    Very short steps backward on balls of feet with strong pressure into the floor
  9. Basic Movement, Lady's body turn
    • 1/2 turn to Left
    • Can be danced without turn or curved to Right or Left, moving forward or back.
    • May be used in place of Sur Place to achieve desired alighnment
  10. Basic Movement, Precedes
    Sur Place
  11. Basic Movement, Follows
    Sur Place
  12. Basic Movement, Alignment
    • Man: commence facing wall, finish facing centre
    • Lady: commence backing wall, finish backing centre
  13. Describe the Appel
    • The Appel is a preparation step used to commence a movement during which Close Hold is NOT maintained
    • It's commenced from Close Hold but with pelvis rotated to the Right (lady Left); feet together, on Toes and weight on Left Foot (Lady Right)
    • Is a strong lowering through the Right foot and leg accompanied by the approprppriate lead for figure being danced
    • Footwork is Ball Flat
    • To indicate a turn to PP, the man's left arm is tracked: lowered to chest level and Left wrist rotated right (clockwise); this is commenced during preceeding beat
  14. Describe the March
    • The basic walk forward in Paso Doble.
    • It can be used to move forward on either the right or the left foot, by the man or the woman
    • The timing is usually one beat of the music
    • Footwork is Heel Flat
    • Transfer of full weight occurs after the foot has arrived in position and is controlled by tension in the other leg
  15. Sur Place, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT in place
    • Step 2: LEFT in place
    • Step 3: RIGHT in place
    • Step 4: LEFT in place
  16. Sur Place, Men's Footwork
    Ball throughout
  17. Sur Place, Men's Action Used
    A change of weight from one foot to the other using strong pressure into the floor
  18. Sur Place, Men's Body Turn
    • Normally danced without turn but can be turned up 1/4 turn to Left or Right
    • If turned, the partner on the outside of the turn will take very short steps to the side on alternate counts
  19. Sur Place, Shaping
    Commence and finish in Close Hold
  20. Sur Place, Lady's Foot Position
    • Step 1: LEFT in place
    • Step 2: RIGHT in place
    • Step 3: LEFT in place
    • Step 4: RIGHT in place
  21. Sur Place, Lady's footwork
    Ball throughout
  22. Sur Place, Lady's Action Used
    A change of weight from one foot to the other using strong pressure into the floor
  23. Sur Place, Lady's body turn
    • Normally danced without turn but can be turned up 1/4 turn to Left or Right
    • If turned, the partner on the outside of the turn will take very short steps to the side on alternate counts
  24. Sur Place, Precedes
    • Sur Place is a linking movement, used to join one figure to the next
    • Two counts (one bar) may be used to enable the next figure to start on the first beat of a musical phrase
    • If the preceding figure is finished with man's weight on Right Foot, the Sur Place will commence on the man's Left Foot
  25. Sur Place, Follows
    • Sur Place is a linking movement, used to join one figure to the next
    • Two counts (one bar) may be used to enable the next figure to start on the first beat of a musical phrase
    • If the preceding figure is finished with man's weight on Right Foot, the Sur Place will commence on the man's Left Foot
  26. Sur Place, Alignment
    Man & Lady: Depends on finishing position of the previous figure
  27. Sur Place, Notes
    • Note 1:
    • Provides and opportunityy to build up kinetic energy in preparation for the following figure, particularly one started with an Appel
    • in this instance, a rotation of the pelvis to the man's right (lady's left) will occur without changing foot or shoulder position
    • This pelvic rotation is started on the firts step and continued on each step of the Sur Place (usually over 4 or 8 beats)
    • Note 2:
    • Sur Place can also be danced on Toe (e.g. if followed by an Appel) or Flat (e.g. during Huit)
  28. Chasses to Right, Man's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot to side
    • Step 2: LEFT foot closed to Right
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot to side
    • Step 4: LEFT foot closed to Right
  29. Chasses to Right, Man's Footwork
    Ball throughout
  30. Chasses to Right, Man's Action Used
    • Step 1: Side Step
    • Step 2: Foot Close with Weight Change
    • Step 3: Side Step
    • Step 4: Foot Close with Weight Change
  31. Chasses to Right, Man's Body Turn
    • No turn
    • But, can be curved up to 1/4 turn to the Left
  32. Chasses to Right, Shaping
    Commence and Finish in Close Hold
  33. Chasses to Right, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot to side
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot closed to Right
    • Step 3: LEFT foot to side
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot closed to Right
  34. Chasses to Right, Lady's Footwork
    Ball throughout
  35. Chasses to Right, Lady's Action Used
    • Step 1: Side Step
    • Step 2: Foot Close with Weight Change
    • Step 3: Side Step
    • Step 4: Foot Close with Weight Change
  36. Chasses to Right, Lady's Body Turn
    • No turn
    • But, can be curved up to 1/4 turn to the Left
  37. Chasses to Right, Precedes
    • Sur Place
    • Promenade
    • Sixteen
  38. Chasses to Right, Follows
    • Sur Place
    • Attack
    • if finished facing against LoD, Separation
  39. Chasses to Right, Alignments
    • Man: Commence and finish facing centre
    • Lady: Commence and Finish backing centre
  40. Elevations to Right, Description
    • Are Chasses to Right with height changes
    • Combinations are:
    • 1: Steps 1 & 2 danced with feet flat & knees compressed, Steps 3 & 4 high on Toes, knees straight
    • 2: Steps 1 & 2 danced high on Toes, knees straight, Steps 3 & 4 with feet flat & knees compressed
    • 3: Steps 1-4 danced with feet flat & knees compressed, followed by Steps 1-4 repeated high on Toes, knees straight
    • 4: Steps 1-4 danced high on Toes, knees straight, followed by Steps 1-4 repeated with feet flat & knees compressed
  41. Elevations to Right, Precedes
    • Sur Place
    • Promenade
    • Sixteen
  42. Elevations to Right, Follows
    • Sur Place
    • Attack
    • if finished facing against LoD, Separation
  43. Chasses to Left, Man's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot in Place
    • Step 2: LEFT foot to Side
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot closed to Left
    • Step 4: LEFT foot to side
  44. Chasses to Left, Man's Footwork
    Ball throughout
  45. Chasses to Left, Man's Action Used
    • Step 1: Sur Place
    • Step 2: Side Step
    • Step 3: Foot Close with Weight Change
    • Step 4: Side Step
  46. Chasses to Left, Man's Body Turn
    • No turn
    • But, can be curved up to 1/4 turn to the Right
  47. Chasses to Left, Shaping
    Commence and Finish in Close Hold
  48. Chasses to Left, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot in Place
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot to Side
    • Step 3: LEFT foot closed to Left
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot to side
  49. Chasses to Left, Lady's Footwork
    Ball throughout
  50. Chasses to Left, Lady's Action Used
    • Step 1: Sur Place
    • Step 2: Side Step
    • Step 3: Foot Close with Weight Change
    • Step 4: Side Step
  51. Chasses to Left, Lady's Body Turn
    • No turn
    • But, can be curved up to 1/4 turn to the Right
  52. Chasses to Left, Precedes
    • Sur Place
    • Chasses to Left
  53. Chasses to Left, Follows
    • Sur Place or Appel closing Right Foot to Left on Step 1
    • If Step 4 taken to side in PP, Huit or Promenade Close
  54. Chasses to Left, Alignments
    • Man: Commence and finish facing Wall
    • Lady: Commence and Finish backing Wall
  55. Elevations to Left, Description
    • Are Chasses to Left with height changes
    • Combinations are:
    • 1: Steps 1 & 2 danced with feet flat & knees compressed, Steps 3 & 4 high on Toes, knees straight
    • 2: Steps 1 & 2 danced high on Toes, knees straight, Steps 3 & 4 with feet flat & knees compressed
    • 3: Steps 1-4 danced with feet flat & knees compressed, followed by Steps 1-4 repeated high on Toes, knees straight
    • 4: Steps 1-4 danced high on Toes, knees straight, followed by Steps 1-4 repeated with feet flat & knees compressed
  56. Elevations to Left, Precedes
    • Sur Place
    • Chasses to Left
  57. Elevations to Left, Follows
    • Sur Place or Appel closing Right Foot to Left on Step 1
    • If Step 4 taken to side in PP, Huit or Promenade Close
  58. Expalin Time Signature
    • The Paso Doble time signature is 2/4
    • where the first number denotes the number of beats in a bar, and
    • the second number denotes the value of those beats (i.e. 4 = 4 quarters of a note = crotchet)
  59. Explain Rhythm
    • Rhythm is the regular occurence of an accented beat or beats in the music
    • it gives character to the music and dance
    • its signature, how we recognise the dance
    • in Paso Doble there are no percussive accents but there is a musical accent on beat 1
  60. Explain Tempo
    • tempo is the speed at which the music is played
    • defined in bars per minute (sometimes beats per minute)
    • for Paso Doble this is 60/62 bars per minute (= 120/124 beats)
  61. Explain Timing and Beat Value
    • Timing is the way we count the passing of the music to ourselves and our pupils
    • Helps us identify and control when things happen in the dance
    • For Paso Doble the timing is 1, 2 where we step on each number
    • However, most figures in Paso Doble consist of more than two steps, which can lead to overly complicated counting
    • To overcome this, an acceptable alternative is to count the number of steps in the figure (i.e 1-4, 1-8 or 1-16)
  62. Describe the Paso Doble Poise
    • Stand naturally with feet together and shoulders relaxed and level
    • Straighten the spine and raise the rib cage without raising the shoulders
    • The pelvis is tilted forward
    • The weight is collected well over the balls of the feet
    • Knees are straightened but not locked
  63. Describe Close Hold
    • Dancers stand facing one another in close contact from thigh to chest
    • The lady is slightly to the right of the man
    • The man's right hand is placed on the lady's back, cupping just below her left shoulder blade
    • His right arm is held in a gentle curve with his elbow at approximately chest height
    • The left arm is raised with the left hand, wrist straight, is held at approximately head height
    • His left hand gently holds the lady's right hand on an imaginary line between the two bodies
    • The ladys left hand is placed gently on the man's right shoulder
    • Her left arm rests lightly on the man's right arm, following the same curve.
  64. Describe Promenade Position
    • From Close Hold both dancers turn outward, man to left, lady to right
    • Man's left hand, lady's right, is lowered to just below shoulder height
    • Man's right arm is forward, slightly retracted just below shoulder level and hand positioned at the top of the lady's left arm
    • When both dancers are moving in PP, body contact is lost and the couple are approximately 10" (25cm) apart
    • There are some figures where man and lady do not use normally opposite foot positions, although the couple do not move together in PP, foot positions are given as "in PP"
  65. Describe Counter Promenade Position
    • From Close Hold both dancers turn outward, man to right, lady to left
    • Man's left hand, lady's right, is raised above the head, elbow slightly retracted
    • Man's right arm is forward, sligtly retracted just below shoulder level and hand positioned at the top of the lady's left arm
    • Bodies are approximately 10" (25cm) apart
    • There are some figures where man and lady do not use normally opposite foot positions, although the couple do not move together in CPP, foot positions are given as "in CPP"
  66. Describe Fallaway Position
    From promenade position, both dancers step backward, man on left foot, lady on right
  67. Describe Open Position
    • Dancers stand facing one another at approximately arms' length
    • Weight is on either foot with lady standing normally opposite
    • Hand hold in open position will depend on the following figure and can be
    • - no hold
    • - man's left to lady's right
    • - man's right to lady's left
    • - man's right to lady's right
    • - man's left to lady's left
    • - both hands
  68. Huit, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot forward and across in PP
    • Step 2: LEFT foot closed to Right
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot in place
    • Step 4: LEFT foot in place
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot in place
    • Step 6: LEFT foot in place
    • Step 7: RIGHT foot in place
    • Step 8: LEFT foot in place
  69. Huit, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Flat
    • Step 2: Ball Flat
    • Step 3: Flat
    • Step 4: Flat
    • Step 5: Flat
    • Step 6: Flat
    • Step 7: Flat
    • Step 8: Flat
  70. Huit, Men's Action Used
    • Step 1: March
    • Step 2: Foot Close with Weight Change
    • Step 3: Sur Place
    • Step 4: Sur Place
    • Step 5: Sur Place
    • Step 6: Sur Place
    • Step 7: Sur Place
    • Step 8: Sur Place
  71. Huit, Men's Body Turn
    No turn except Step 2 when there is a 1/8 turn to the Right
  72. Huit, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot forward and across in PP
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot to side
    • Step 3: LEFT foot in place, in CPP
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot forward and across in CPP
    • Step 5: LEFT foot to side
    • Step 6: RIGHT foot in place, in PP
    • Step 7: LEFT foot forward towards partner
    • Step 8: RIGHT foot closed to Left
  73. Huit, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Flat
    • Step 2: Ball
    • Step 3: Ball Flat
    • Step 4: Heel Flat
    • Step 5: Ball
    • Step 6: Ball Flat
    • Step 7: Heel Flat
    • Step 8: Ball Flat
  74. Huit, Lady's Action Used
    • Step 1: March
    • Step 2: Forward Step Turning
    • Step 3: Weight Transfer in Place
    • Step 4: March
    • Step 5: Forward Step Turning
    • Step 6: Weight Transfer in Place
    • Step 7: March
    • Step 8: Foot Close with Weight Change
  75. Huit, Lady's Body Turn
    • Step 1: No turn
    • Step 2 & 3: 1/4 turn to Left
    • Step 4: No Turn
    • Step 5 & 6: 1/4 turn to Right
    • Step 7 & 8: 1/8 turn to Left
  76. Huit, Sway
    • Man: Right on Steps 2 & 3, Left on Steps 5 & 6
    • Lady: no sway
  77. Huit, Shaping
    • Step 1: Commence in PP
    • Step 3: Achieve CPP Hold
    • Step 6: Achieve PP Hold
    • Step 8: Finish in Close Hold
  78. Huit, Precedes
    • Sur Place
    • Chasses to Left with last step taken to side in PP
  79. Huit, Follows
    • Sur Place
    • Promenade
    • Sixteen
    • Twist Turn
  80. Huit, Alignment
    Both start on LoD in PP. Finish with Man facing Wall and Lady backing Wall
  81. Attack, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT in Place
    • Step 2: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot to side
    • Step 4: LEFT foot closed to Right
  82. Attack, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Heel Flat
    • Step 3: Ball
    • Step 4: Ball Flat
  83. Attack, Men's Action Used
    • Step 1: Appel
    • Step 2: March
    • Step 3: Side step
    • Step 4: Foot close with weight change
  84. Attack, Men's Body Turn
    • Step 1: no turn
    • Step 2 & 3: 1/4 turn to Left
    • Step 4: no turn
  85. Attack, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot in place
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 3: LEFT foot to side
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot closed to Left
  86. Attack, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Ball Flat
    • Step 3: Ball
    • Step 4: Ball Flat
  87. Attack, Lady's Action Used
    • Step 1: Appel
    • Step 2: Backward Step
    • Step 3: Side step
    • Step 4: Foot close with weight change
  88. Attack, Lady's Body Turn
    • Step 1: No turn
    • Step 2 & 3: 1/4 turn to Left
    • Step 4: No Turn
  89. Attack, Sway
    • Man: LEFT over Steps 2, 3 & 4
    • Lady: RIGHT over Steps 2, 3 & 4
  90. Attack, Rise & Fall
    Compress knees at the end of the first step the stay down for the remainder of the figure
  91. Attack, Shaping
    • Step 1: Commence in Close Hold
    • Step 2 to 4: lower Left arm with outward circling movement to waist level
    • Close Hold is regained during the following movement, normally Sur Place
  92. Attack, Precedes
    • Sur Place
    • Promenade
    • Sixteen
  93. Attack, Follows
    Sur Place regaining normal height and achieving alighnment required for next figure
  94. Attack, Alignment
    • Man: Commence facing Centre, Finish facing against LoD
    • Lady: Commence backing Centre, Finish backing against LoD
  95. Separation, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot in place
    • Step 2: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot closed to Left
    • Step 4: LEFT foot in place
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot in place
    • Step 6: LEFT foot in place
    • Step 7: RIGHT foot in place
    • Step 8: LEFT foot in place
  96. Separation, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Heel Flat
    • Step 3: Ball
    • Step 4: Ball
    • Step 5: Ball
    • Step 6: Ball
    • Step 7: Ball
    • Step 8: Ball Flat
  97. Separation, Men's Action
    • Step 1: Appel
    • Step 2: March
    • Step 3: Foot close with weight change
    • Step 4: Sur Place
    • Step 5: Sur Place
    • Step 6: Sur Place
    • Step 7: Sur Place
    • Step 8: Sur Place
  98. Separation, Men's Body Turn
    No turn
  99. Separation, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot in place
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot back
    • Step 3: LEFT foot back
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot closed to Left
    • Step 5: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 6: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 7: LEFT foot forward
    • Step 8: RIGHT foot forward
  100. Separation, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Ball Flat
    • Step 3: Ball
    • Step 4: Toe
    • Step 5: Toe
    • Step 6: Ball
    • Step 7: Ball
    • Step 8: Ball Flat
  101. Separation, Lady's Action
    • Step 1: Appel
    • Step 2: Backward Step
    • Step 3: Backward Step
    • Step 4: Foot close with weight change
    • Step 5: Basic Movement
    • Step 6: Basic Movement
    • Step 7: Basic Movement
    • Step 8: Basic Movement
  102. Separation, Lady's Body Turn
    No turn
  103. Separation, Rise & Fall
    • Man:
    • none
    • Lady:
    • Down on steps 1 & 2,
    • Rise up at end of Step 3 and up on 4
    • Gradually lower during Steps 5 - 8 to finish normal height
  104. Separation, Shaping
    • Step 1: Commence Close Hold
    • Step 3: Release hold with Right Hand
    • Step 4: Achieve Open Position (L-R)
    • Step 8: Finish in Close Hold
  105. Separation, Precedes
    • Sur Place
    • Chasses to Right curved to face against LoD
    • Separation
  106. Separation, Follows
    • Sur Place
    • Separation
  107. Separation, Alignment
    • Man: commence and finish facing against LoD
    • Lady: commence and finish backing against LoD
  108. Sixteen, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot in place
    • Step 2: LEFT foot to side in PP
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot forward and across in PP
    • Step 4: LEFT foot to the side and slightly back
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot back, Right shoulder leading
    • Step 6: LEFT foot back, partner outside
    • Step 7: RIGHT foot closed to Left
    • Step 8: LEFT foot in place
    • Step 9: RIGHT foot in place
    • Step 10: LEFT foot in place
    • Step 11: RIGHT foot in place
    • Steps 12 - 16: Continue same pattern of LF then RF in place
  109. Sixteen, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Heel Flat
    • Step 3: Heel Flat
    • Step 4: Ball Flat
    • Step 5: Ball Flat
    • Step 6: Ball Flat
    • Step 7: Ball Flat
    • Steps 8 - 16: Flat
  110. Sixteen, Men's Action Used
    • Step 1: Appel
    • Step 2: March
    • Step 3: March
    • Step 4: Forward Step Turning
    • Step 5: Backward Step
    • Step 6: Backward Step
    • Step 7: Foot close with weight change
    • Steps 8 - 16: Sur Place
  111. Sixteen, Men's Body Turn
    • Step 1: no turn
    • Step 2: 1/8 turn to Left
    • Step 3: No turn
    • Step 4 & 5: 3/8 turn to Right
    • Step 6: No turn
    • Step 7: 1/4 turn to Right
    • Steps 8 - 16: no turn
  112. Sixteen, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot in place
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot to side in PP
    • Step 3: LEFT foot forward and across in PP
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 5: LEFT foot forward, Left shoulder leading
    • Step 6: RIGHT foot forward, Outside Partner
    • Step 7: LEFT foot to side
    • Step 8: RIGHT foot in place in PP
    • Step 9: LEFT foot forward and across in PP
    • Step 10: RIGHT foot to side
    • Step 11: LEFT foot in place in CPP
    • Step 12:RIGHT foot forward and across in CPP
    • Step 13: LEFT foot to side
    • Step 14: RIGHT foot in place in PP
    • Step 15: LEFT foot forward towards partner
    • Step 16: RIGHT foot close to left
  113. Sixteen, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Heel Flat
    • Step 3: Heel Flat
    • Step 4: Heel Flat
    • Step 5: Ball Flat
    • Step 6: Heel Flat
    • Step 7: Ball
    • Step 8: Ball Flat
    • Step 9: Heel Flat
    • Step 10: Ball
    • Step 11: Ball Flat
    • Step 12: Heel Flat
    • Step 13: Ball
    • Step 14: Ball Flat
    • Step 15: Heel Flat
    • Step 16: Ball Flat
  114. Sixteen, Lady's Action Used
    • Step 1: Appel
    • Step 2: March
    • Step 3: March
    • Step 4: March
    • Step 5: Forward Step
    • Step 6: March
    • Step 7: Forward Step Turning
    • Step 8: Weight Transfer in Place
    • Step 9: March
    • Step 10: Forward Step Turning
    • Step 11: Weight Transfer in Place
    • Step 12: March
    • Step 13: Forward Step Turning
    • Step 14: Weight Transfer in Place
    • Step 15: March
    • Step 16: Foot Close with Weight Change
  115. Sixteen, Lady's Body Turn
    • Step 1: no turn
    • Step 2: 1/8 turn to Right
    • Step 3: No turn
    • Step 4 & 5: 1/8 turn to Right
    • Step 6: No turn
    • Step 7 & 8: 3/8 turn to Right
    • Steps 9: No turn:
    • Step 10 & 11: 1/4 turn to Left
    • Step 12: Not turn
    • Step 13 & 14: 1/4 Turn to Right
    • Step 15: No turn
    • Step 16: 1/8 turn to Left
  116. Sixteen, Sway
    • Man: RIGHT on Steps 4 & 5 and 10 & 11, LEFT on Steps 7 & 8 and 13 & 14
    • Lady: LEFT on Steps 4 & 5
  117. Sixteen, Shaping
    • Step 1: Commence in Close Hold
    • Step 2: Achieve PP
    • Step 4: Recover Close Hold
    • Step 8: Recover PP hold
    • Step 11: Achieve CPP hold
    • Step 14: Recover PP hold
    • Step 16: Finish in Close Hold
  118. Sixteen, Precedes
    • Sur Place
    • Chasses to Left
    • Elevations to Left
    • Huit
    • Promenade Close
  119. Sixteen, Follows
    • Sur Place
    • Chasses to Right
    • Elevations to Right
    • Attack
  120. Sixteen, Alignment
    • Man: Commence facing Wall, Finish facing Centre
    • Lady: Commence backing Wall; Step 8 facing Diagonal to Wall against LoD; Finish backing Centre
  121. Twist Turn, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot in place
    • Step 2: LEFT foot to side in PP
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot forward and across in PP
    • Step 4: LEFT foot to side and slightly back
    • Step 5: RIGHT foot crossed behind Left
    • Step 6: Untwist to Right to finish LEFT foot to side and slightly back
    • Step 7: RIGHT foot in place, still turning to finish RIGHT foot forward and across body
    • Step 8: LEFT foot closed to Right
  122. Twist Turn, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Heel Flat
    • Step 3: Heel Flat
    • Step 4: Ball Flat
    • Step 5: Toe
    • Step 6: Left Foot, Ball; Right Foot, Toe Ball
    • Step 7: Ball Flat (Right Foot)
    • Step 8: Ball Flat
  123. Twist Turn, Men's Action Used
    • Step 1: Appel
    • Step 2: March
    • Step 3: March
    • Step 4: Forward Step Turning
    • Step 5: Latin Cross
    • Step 6 & 7: Untwist to Right
    • Step 8: Foot close with weight change
  124. Twist Turn, Men's Body Turn
    • Step 1: no turn
    • Step 2: 1/8 turn to Left
    • Step 3: No turn
    • Step 4 & 5: 3/8 turn to Right
    • Step 6 - 8: 3/4 turn to Right
  125. Twist Turn, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot in place
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot to side in PP
    • Step 3: LEFT foot forward and across in PP
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 5: LEFT foot forward, Left shoulder leading
    • Step 6: RIGHT foot forward, Outside Partner
    • Step 7: LEFT foot forward, Outside Partner
    • Step 8: RIGHT foot closed to Left
  126. Twist Turn, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Heel Flat
    • Step 3: Heel Flat
    • Step 4: Heel Flat
    • Step 5: Ball
    • Step 6: Ball
    • Step 7: Ball
    • Step 8: Ball Flat
  127. Twist Turn, Lady's Action Used
    • Step 1: Appel
    • Step 2: March
    • Step 3: March
    • Step 4: March
    • Step 5: Basic Movement
    • Step 6: Basic Movement
    • Step 7: Basic Movement
    • Step 8: Foot Close with Weight Change
  128. Twist Turn, Lady's Body Turn
    • Step 1: No turn
    • Step 2: 1/8 turn to Right
    • Step 3: No turn
    • Step 4 & 5: 1/8 turn to Right
    • Step 6: 1/4 turn to Right
    • Step 7: 3/8 turn to Right
    • Step 8: 1/8 turn to Right
  129. Twist Turn, Sway
    • Man: Right on Steps 4 & 5
    • lady: Left on Steps 4 & 5
  130. Twist Turn, Shaping
    • Step 1: Commence in Close Hold
    • Step 2: Achieve PP
    • Step 4: Recover Close Hold
    • Step 8: Finish in Close Hold
  131. Twist Turn, Precedes
    • Sur Place
    • Chasses to Left
    • Elevations to Left
    • Huit
    • Promenade Close
  132. Twist Turn, Follows
    • Sur Place
    • Chasses to Left
    • Sixteen
    • Promenade
    • At corner finish facing new Wall (1/4 turn less over steps 6 & 7), Follows as above
  133. Twist Turn, Alignment
    • Man: Commence and Finish facing Wall; At corner finish facing new Wall (1/4 turn less over steps 6 & 7)
    • Lady: Commence and Finish Backing Wall; At corner finish backing new Wall
  134. Promenade, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot in place
    • Step 2: LEFT foot to side in PP
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot forward and across in PP
    • Step 4: LEFT foot to the side and slightly back
    • Step 5: RIGHT back, Right shoulder leading
    • Step 6: LEFT foot back, partner outside
    • Step 7: RIGHT foot to side
    • Step 8: LEFT foot closed to Right
  135. Promenade, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Heel Flat
    • Step 3: Heel Flat
    • Step 4: Ball Flat
    • Step 5: Ball Flat
    • Step 6: Ball Flat
    • Step 7: Ball Flat
    • Step 8: Ball Flat
  136. Promenade, Men's Action Used
    • Step 1: Appel
    • Step 2: March
    • Step 3: March
    • Step 4: Forward Step Turning
    • Step 5: Backward Step
    • Step 6: Backward Step
    • Step 7: Side Step
    • Step 8: Foot close with weight change
  137. Promenade, Men's Body Turn
    • Step 1: No turn
    • Step 2: 1/8 turn to Left
    • Step 3: No turn
    • Step 4 & 5: 3/8 Turn to Right
    • Step 6 - 8: 1/4 turn to Right
  138. Promenade, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot in place
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot to side in PP
    • Step 3: LEFT foot forward and across in PP
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot forward
    • Step 5: LEFT foot forward, Left shoulder leading
    • Step 6: RIGHT foot forward Outside Partner
    • Step 7: LEFT foot to side
    • Step 8: RIGHT foot closed to Left
  139. Promenade, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Ball Flat
    • Step 2: Heel Flat
    • Step 3: Heel Flat
    • Step 4: Heel Flat
    • Step 5: Ball Ball
    • Step 6: Heel Flat
    • Step 7: Ball Flat
    • Step 8: Ball Flat
  140. Promenade, Lady's Action Used
    • Step 1: Appel
    • Step 2: March
    • Step 3: March
    • Step 4: March
    • Step 5: Forward Step
    • Step 6: March
    • Step 7: Side Step
    • Step 8: Foot Close with Weight Change
  141. Promenade, Lady's Body Turn
    • Step 1: No turn
    • Step 2: 1/8 turn to Right
    • Step 3: No turn
    • Step 4 & 5: 1/8 Turn to Right
    • Step 6 - 8: 1/4 turn to Right
  142. Promenade, Sway
    • Man: Right on Steps 4 & 5
    • lady: Left on Steps 4 & 5
  143. Promenade, Shaping
    • Step 1: Commence in Close Hold
    • Step 2: Achieve PP
    • Step 4: Recover Close Hold
    • Step 8: Finish in Close Hold
  144. Promenade, Precedes
    • Sur Place
    • Chasses to Left
    • Elevations to Left
    • Huit
    • Promenade Close
  145. Promenade, Follows
    • Sur Place
    • Chasses to Right
    • Elevations to Right
    • Attack
  146. Promenade, Alignment
    • Man: Commence facing Wall, Finish facing Centre
    • Lady: Commence backing Wall, Finish backing Centre
  147. Promenade Close, Men's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: RIGHT foot forward and across in PP
    • Step 2: LEFT foot closed to Right
    • Step 3: RIGHT foot to side
    • Step 4: LEFT foot closed to Right
  148. Promenade Close, Men's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Flat
    • Step 2: Ball Flat
    • Step 3: Ball
    • Step 4: Ball
  149. Promenade Close, Men's Action Used
    • Step 1: March
    • Step 2: Foot close with weight change
    • Step 3: Side step
    • Step 4: Foot close with weight change
  150. Promenade Close, Men's Body Turn
    • Step 1: no turn
    • Step 2: 1/8 turn to Right
    • Step 3 & 4: no turn
  151. Promenade Close, Lady's Foot Positions
    • Step 1: LEFT foot forward and across in PP
    • Step 2: RIGHT foot Closed to Left
    • Step 3: LEFT foot to side
    • Step 4: RIGHT foot closed to Left
  152. Promenade Close, Lady's Footwork
    • Step 1: Heel Flat
    • Step 2: Ball Flat
    • Step 3: Ball
    • Step 4: Ball
  153. Promenade Close, Lady's Action Used
    • Step 1: March
    • Step 2: Foot close with weight change
    • Step 3: Side step
    • Step 4: Foot close with weight change
  154. Promenade Close, Lady's Body Turn
    • Step 1: no turn
    • Step 2: 1/8 turn to Left
    • Step 3 & 4: no turn
  155. Promenade Close, Shaping
    • Step 1: Commence in Promenade Position
    • Step 2: Achieve Close Hold
    • Step 4: Finish in Close Hold
  156. Promenade Close, Precedes
    • Sur Place
    • Chasses to Left with last step taken to side in PP
  157. Promenade Close, Follows
    • Sur Place
    • Chasses to left
    • Promenade
    • Sixteen
    • Twist Turn
  158. Promenade Close, Alignment
    • Man: Commence on LoD in PP, Finish facing Wall
    • Lady: Commence on LoD in PP, Finish backing Wall

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