Card Set Information

2011-12-29 14:55:45
Notes like friggin all em

too manyyyyyyyyyyy
Show Answers:

  1. Descision making
    Steps that enable you to make decisions protecting your rights and health of others.
  2. Descision making...
    Helps you be healthy and promotes individual, family and community health
  3. Steps of the Decision Making Process
    • 1. State the situation
    • 2. List the options
    • 3. Weigh possible outcomes
    • 4. Consider values
    • 5. Make desicion and act on it
  4. What is the first step of the Decision Making Process?
    • State the situation
    • -Examine; consider all health information
  5. What is the second step in the Decision Making Process?
    • List the options
    • -What are the possible choices you could make?
  6. What is the third step in the Decision Making Process?
    • Weigh the possible outcomes
    • -H(Health) what health risks are involved?
    • -E(Ethical) reflect core beliefs
    • -L(Legal) Is the option legal?
    • -P(Parent approval) Would your parents approve
  7. What is the fourth step in the Decision Making Process?
    • Consider values
    • -Responsible decision making will reflect values
  8. What is the fifth step in the Decision Making Process?
    Use everything you know ath this point and make a responsible decision
  9. Goal
    Something that you aim for that takes planning and work.
  10. Good things about goals...
    • Can help positively shape your life
    • Effective way to build self confidence
    • Increase self-esteem
    • Improve overal health.
  11. Short term goals
    A goal that you reach in a short period of time
  12. Long term goals
    A goal that you plan over an extended period of time.
  13. What is SMART?
    • An action plan that helps you achieve your goals:
    • Specfic- who what where when how
    • Measurable- How much , how often
    • Attainable- Non-impossible goals
    • Relevant- It will make you better
    • Time-When are you going to achieve this goal?
  14. Character
    Qualities that can describe how a person thinks, feels and behaves.
  15. Good charcter
    A person who demonstrates care, ethical values such as responsiblity, honesty, integrity and respect for self and others; also someone who can effectively express needs, wants and feelings
  16. Traits of Good charcter
    • Trustworthiness- honest, reliable
    • Respect- Considerate to others and self
    • Fairness- takes turns, plays fair
    • Caring-gratitude, forgiving and helpful
    • Citizenship- respectm authority, obey rules
  17. Other good charcter traits
    • Loving
    • selfless
    • compassionate
    • positive
  18. Good charcter traits Physically
    Be responsible about choices
  19. Good charcter traits mentally
    Have a positive attitude
  20. Good chacter traits intellectually
    Responsible with school work
  21. Good charcter traits socially
    Trustworthy friends
  22. Good charcter traits spiritually
    Loving, selfless, gives to others
  23. Developing good charcter
    Character and core values are learned throughout your life
  24. How to take a more active role in developing/maintaining good charcter
    • Stand up for beliefs
    • Learn from people who demonstrate good charcter
    • Ask family members for tips on strengthening values
  25. Role models
    • Someone whose suscess/behavior serves as an example for others
    • Inspire, encourage values, like hard work, focus, planning ahead, being honest and engaging in safe behaviors
  26. Health consumer
    Anyone who purchases or uses health products or services
  27. Advertising
    A written or spoken media message designed to interest consumers in purchasing a product or service.
  28. Influences on consumer products
    Internal and external factors
  29. Internal factor
    Habit and personal taste
  30. External factor
    Opinions of family, friends, cost adn media
  31. Five techniques of hidden advertising
    • 1. Bandwagon
    • 2. Rich and famous
    • 3. Free Gifts
    • 4. Great outdoors
    • 5. Good times
  32. Good times
    People smiling
  33. Great outdoors
    Scenes of nature; product is associated with nature, it must be healthy
  34. Bandwagon
    Group of people using product; everyone is doing it, you should too
  35. Rich and famous
    Displayed in a rich home or by a famous person, make you feel rich and famous
  36. Free gifts
    Coupons; too good of a deal to pass up
  37. Comparision shopping
    Method of judging the benefits of different products by comparing serveral factors
  38. What factors should you compare when comparison shopping?
    • Quality
    • Features
    • Costs
    • Warrenty
    • Safety
    • Recommendations.
  39. Consumer Rights
    • Yourr rights as a consumer (before and after purchasing) are:
    • Safety
    • Choice
    • Be informed
    • Be heard
    • Have problems corrected
    • Consumer education
  40. What to do if you buy a defectice product
    • Keep all recipts
    • Check product warranties
    • Request refund, exchange or product repair depending on store policy.
    • When returning take to store you purchased from an calmly ask for an exchange or a manager if necessisary.
    • Take complaint to special consumer rights group of request is denied
  41. Important information found on product labels
    • Name and intended use
    • Directions for use
    • Precautions and warnings
    • Manufacturer's information
    • Ingrediants
    • -Active ingrediants (the ones that make the product effective)
  42. Online shopping
    • Pros:
    • Price: Sometimes lower cost
    • Convenience: Delivered right to your door
    • Cons:
    • Product information: Only view a picture, can't try on or examine.
  43. Safeguards for online shopping
    • Permission
    • Make sure site is secure
    • Check the organization's return policy
    • Write down any confirmation numbers
  44. Health care system
    All the health care available to a nation's people and the way they recieve that care and the method of payment
  45. General care
    Includes primary care physicians: medical doctors who provide physical checkups and general care.
  46. Specialized care
    Includes specialists medical doctors trained to handle particular kinds of patients or medical conditions
  47. Preventive care
    Actions that pre vent the onset of disease or injury
  48. Inpatient care
    Patients with illness or injury who have to stay at the hospital
  49. Outpatient care
    Allows the patient to return home the same day
  50. Private practices
    Physcians who work for themselves. Usually associated with a hospital for outpaient care
  51. Clinics
    Physicians who provide outpatient care in a community clinic rather than an office
  52. Group practices
    Like private practices, but in a group setting
  53. Hospitals
    Offer both in and out patient care. Some physicians work at hospitals, private/ group physicians come only when necessisary
  54. Emergency room
    In hospitals for potentially life threatening illnesses or injuries
  55. Urgent care centers
    Emergencies that are not life threatening
  56. Health insurance
    A plan in which a private or a government programs pay for part or all of a person's medical costs
  57. Health Maintenance Organizations (HMO)
    Memebers pay a monthly preimium but recieve most or all medical services with few or no out of pocket expenses. Some HMOs require a small co-payment for an office visit. HMO members can only see doctors who have signed an agreement with the HMO.
  58. Preferred Provider Organiztion (PPOs)
    Agreement to charge the organization less than their regular fees for member usage. Pay a monthly fee for plan, but can choose an outside provider. Outside provider resut in higher our of pocket expenses.
  59. Point of Serive (POS)
    Members plan can choose in or outside providers
  60. Medical History
    Complete and comprehensive information about your immunizations and any health problems
  61. Managed care
    Emphasize preventive care and offer reduced physician charges for members
  62. Trends in Health care
    • Birthing center
    • Drug treatment centers
    • Continuing Care and Assisted Living
    • Hospices
    • Telemedicine
  63. Telemedicine
    Medical specialists located far away brought into exam rooms through a live interactive electronic system
  64. Birthing Centers
    • Home like setting
    • less expensive
    • Low risk pregancies only
  65. Drug treatment Centers
    Treat people with drug and alchol addiction problems outside of the hospital setting
  66. Continuing care and Assisted Living
    Short adn long term care for those who need help with daily tasks who don't require medical help
  67. Hospices
    Care for the terminally ill
  68. Patient skills
    • Before you go to the doctor write down reasons for seeing the doctor
    • Ask questions about any diagnose, medications, or precedures that you don't understand or are unsure about
    • Inform the staff of any allergies you have or any medications your taking
  69. Fraud
    Deliberate deciet or trickery
  70. Health Fraud
    A scale of worthless products or services that claims to prevent diseases or cure other health problems
  71. Malpractice
    Failure by a health professional to meet accepted standards
  72. Fradulent products
    • Weight loss products (Diet pills, fad diets, exercise equipment)
    • Beauty and anitaging products (tooth whiteners, wrinkle creams)
  73. Fraudelent treatments
    Clinic specializing in "mircale" cures for ailments like arthtirthis or that feature a remarkable and unusual treatment.
  74. Methods for addressing consumer problems
    • Going to business organizations
    • -Better Businss Bureau (BBB)
    • Going to consumer advocates
    • -Local, state and federal government agencies will ensure that consumer rights are protected
  75. Sedentary life linked to
    • Obesity
    • Diabetes
    • Other cronic diseases
  76. Physical Activity
    Bodily movements that involves muscle contractions and an increase in metabolism
  77. Exercise
    Planned, structured, repetitve bodily movements
  78. Physical fitness
    The ablity to perform regular moderate to vigorous levels of activity without excessive fatigue
  79. Components of Physical Fitness
    • Cardio Respiratory endurance
    • Muscular strength
    • Muscular endurance
    • Flexiblity
    • Body composition
  80. Cardio Respiratory endurance
    Ablitiy to sustain aerobic whole body activity for a prolonged period of time
  81. Muscluar strength
    Maximum force able to be exerted by single contractions of a muscle of a group of muscles
  82. Muschlar endurance
    Ability to perform high intensity mucsle contractions repeatively without fatigue
  83. Flexiblity
    Ability to move joints freely thorugh their full range of motion
  84. Body compostion
    Amount of relative proportions and distribution of fat mass and fat free mass in the body.
  85. Benefits of regular physical activity
    • Improved Cardiorespiratory Fitness
    • Reduced Cancer Risk
    • Improved Bone Mass
    • Improved Weight Control
    • Prevention of Diabetes
    • Improved Immunity
    • Improved Mental Health and Streass Mangament
    • Longer Life Span
  86. Aerobic
    Exercise performed at moderate levels of intensity for extended periods of time increasing your hearth rate
  87. Aerobic capacity (VO2 max)
    The maximum volume of oxygen consumed by the molcules during exercise
  88. Components of an aerobic exercise program (FITT)
    • Frequency (3-5 days)
    • Intensity/ target heart rate (220-age, times .6, 220-age times .8, creates range)
    • Time (30-60 minutes)
    • Type of activity
  89. Caridorespiratory endurance FITT
    • 3-5 days a week
    • 55/65-90% of maximum heart rate
    • 30-60 minutes
    • Continuous aerobic activity that uses large muscle groups
  90. Strength FITT
    • 2-3 non consecutive days a week
    • 70-85% of maximum resistance
    • 1 or more sets of 8 rep
    • Resistance exercises in a full range of motion for all major muscle groups
  91. Flexiblity FITT
    • 2-7 days
    • Develop/maintain range of motion
    • 2-4 reps, hold 15-30 seconds
    • Streching all major joints and muscle groups
  92. Benefits of strength training
    • Reduce lover back, joint and muscle pain
    • Postpones osteoporosis
    • Enhances muscle definition and personal appearance
    • Boosts metabolism
  93. Principles of strength development
    • Overload
    • Specificity of training
    • Variation
    • Reversibility
  94. Mehods of providing resistance
    • Body weght resistance (calistenics)
    • Fixed weight resistance
    • Variable resistance
    • Acconodating resistance
  95. Women
    • Paricipate in less regular exercise then men
    • Have lower VO2 then men
    • Have 25% body fat
    • Have greater flexiblity then men
    • Have lower levels of blood hemoglobin
  96. Men
    • Participate in more regular exercise then women
    • Have higher VO2 levels then women
    • Have 15% body fat
    • Are less flexible then women
    • Have higher levels of blood hemoglobin
  97. Strength training elements
    • Exercise selection
    • Exercise order
    • Sets and repetitions
    • Rest periods
    • Exercise frequentcy
  98. Core Strenght Training
    • Strengthens muscles of the deep back and abdominal muscles that attatch to the spine and pelvis
    • Recommended 3 times a week
  99. Types of stretching
    • Static stretching
    • Dynamic stretching
    • Recommended at leasst two or three times a week, but daily stretching is optimal
  100. Training Program
    A program of formalized physical preparation for involvment in a sport or other physical activity
  101. Hydratoin
    Taking fluids so the body functions properly
  102. Anabolic steroids
    Synthetic substances that are similar to the male hormone testosterone
  103. Health screening
    Search or check for disorders/diseases that an indivigual wouldn't have noticed or known about before
  104. Overexertion
    Overwhelming the body
  105. Heat cramps
    Muscle spasms that result from a loss of large amounts of salt and water through perspiration
  106. Heatstroke
    Condition in which the body loses the ability to ride itself of excessice heat through sweat
  107. Frostbite
    Condition that results when body tissues become forzen
  108. Hypothermia
    Condition in which body temperature becomes dangerously low
  109. Muscle cramps
    Spasm or sudden tightening of a muscle
  110. Strain
    A condition resulting from damaging a muscle or tendon
  111. Sprain
    An injury to the ligament surrounding a joint
  112. Nutrition
    The process by which the body takes in and uses food
  113. Calories (kilocalories)
    Units of heat that measure the energy used by the body and the energy that foods supply to the body
  114. Nutrients
    Substances in food tha your body needs to grow, repair itself and supply you with energy
  115. Hunger
    A natural physical drive that protects you from starvation
  116. Appetite
    A desire to eat, rather then a physical need
  117. Carbohydrates
    the starches and sugars present in foods
  118. Fiber
    Indigestible complex carbohydrate
  119. Proteins
    Nutrients that help build and maintain body cells and tissues
  120. Lipid
    A fatty substance that does not dissolve in water
  121. Vitamins
    compounds that help regulate many vital body processes , including the digestion, absorbtion and metabolism of other nutrients
  122. Minerals
    Substances that the body needs for forming healthy bones and teeth adn for regulating many vital body processes, but can't manufacture
  123. Nutrition
    The science of the relationship between physiological functions and essential elements of food.
  124. Charcteristics of a healthy diet
    • Adequate
    • Moderate
    • Balanced
    • Varied
    • Nutrient dense
  125. Female calorie intake
    1800(sedantary) to 2400(active)
  126. Digestive process
    Sequence of functions by which the body breaks down larger food particles into smaller more usable forms
  127. Water is
    • 50-60% of your body
    • Too little causes dehydration an abnormal depletion of body fluids
    • Too much causes hyponatremia, a decreased concentration of salt in the blood
  128. We need water for
    • Electrolyte and pH balance
    • Tansporting cells and molecules
    • Recomended amount is 64 ounces
  129. Proteins
    • Second most abundant source in the body after water
    • Key to all cells, antibodies, enzymes adn hormones
    • Transport oxygen and nutrients
    • Important role in developing, reapairing bone, muscles and skin
    • Vital for human life
    • -May need additional protein when recovering from blood loss, surgery, or burns
  130. Compelte protein
    Supplies all essential amino acids (all 20 of them)
  131. Incomplete protein
    May lack some amino acids, but these can be obtained from different sources
  132. Simple carbs
    Brokedown and used quickly and simply
  133. Complex carbs
    Supply longer lasing carbs
  134. Fats (lipids)
    • Misunerstood but a vital group of basic nutrients
    • Maintains healthy skin
    • Insulates body organs
    • Maintains body temperature
    • Promotes healthy cell functions
    • Carry fat soluable vitamins A, D, E, and K
    • A concentrated form of energy
  135. Types of dietary fat
    • Saturated are ainly form animal sources and are solid at room temperature
    • Unsaturated generally comes from planst and usually are liquid at room temperature
  136. Food additives
    Substances intentionally added to food to produce a desired effect
  137. Food allergy
    A condition in which the body's immune system reacts to substances in some foods
  138. Food intolerance
    A negitive reaction to a food or part of food caused by a metabolic problem, such as the inability to digest parts of certain foods or food components
  139. Food borne illness
    Food posining
  140. Paseurization
    The process of treating a substance with heat to destroy or slow the growth of pathogens
  141. Cross contamination
    The spreading of bacteria or other pathogens from one food to another
  142. Male calorie intake
    2200(sedentary) 3200(active)