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Mitral Regurgitation: How it Happens
- Mitral Valve allows BACKFLOW INTO LEFT ATRIUM
- During VENTRICULAR CONTRACTION
If regurgitation exists for a long time, heart will compensate by dilating to accommodate increased blood volume
Mitral Regurgitation: Causes
- Mitral valve prolapse
- Rheumatic Fever
- Ischemic Heart Disease
Mitral Regurgitation: Where does blood go?
Regurgitated blood BACKFLOWS into LEFT ATRIUM
- can lead to atrial dilation
- can casue SOB
Mitral Regurgitation: MURMUR
- SYSTOLIC MURMUR
- BETWEEN S1-S2
LACKS crescendo-decrescendo pattern
heard over cardiac apex
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