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Name five functions of the skeletal system.
- Production of blood cells
- Storage of minerals and lipids
Name the number of cranial bones present in the skull.
Name the cranial bones.
- Parietal- 2
- Ethmoid- 1
- Temporal- 2
- Sphenoid- 1
- Occipital- 1
- Frontal- 1
Name the number of facial bones present in the skull.
Name the facial bones.
(Z VoMaN LIP Max)
- Zygomatic- 2
- Vomer- 1
- Mandible- 1
- Nasal- 2
- Lacrimal- 2
- Inferior Nasal Concha- 2
- Palatine- 2
- Maxillary- 2
Name the number of associated bones present in the skull.
Name the associated bones of the skull.
- Auditory ossicles- 6
- Hyoid- 1
Name the largest facial bone.
Name the depression that separates the condylar and coronoid processes.
Name the four major sutures of the skull.
- Coronal suture
- Sagittal suture
- Lambdoid suture
- Squamous suture
Name the location of the coronal suture.
Goes across the frontal bone.
Name the location of the sagittal suture.
Goes between the parietal bones; runs from the coronal suture to the lambdoid suture.
Name the location of the lambdoid suture.
Goes around the occipital bone.
Name the location of the squamous suture.
Goes around the temporal bones.
Name three functions of the sphenoid bone.
- Forms the cranium floor
- Connects the cranial and facial bones
- Acts as a cross-brace and strengthens the sides of the skull
Name the fossa that is the depression within the sella turcica.
Name the gland that lies within the hypophyseal fossa.
Name the bone that is the location of the crista galli.
Name the canal that provides passage for the carotid artery.
Name the foramen between the occipital and temporal bones that provides passage for a very large vessel.
Name the attachment site for muscles that extend or rotate the head.
Name the attachment site for ligaments that support the hyoid bone to the pharynx and tongue.
Name the foramen that provides passage for facial nerves that control facial muscles.
Name the gland that is responsible for lubricating the surface of the eyes.
Name the depression of the frontal bone that marks the location of the lacrimal gland.
Name the connection between the cranial cavity and the spinal cavity.
Name the number of cervical vertebrae.
Name the number of thoracic vertebrae.
Name the number of lumbar vertebrae.
Name the vertebras that consist of five bones which begin fusing after puberty.
Name the vertebras that consist of three-five bones which usually begin fusing about age twenty-six.
Name the bone created by the fusion of the atlas (C1) and axis (C2).
Name the vertebras that are considered primary curves because they appear late in fetal development.
- Thoracic vertebras
- Sacral vertebras
Name the vertebras that are considered secondary curves because they appear several months after birth.
- Cervical vertebras
- Lumbar vertebras
Disease that is an exaggerated thoracic curvature.
Disease that is an exaggerated lumbar curvature
Disease that is an abnormal lateral curvature
Name the three processes of the sternum.
Name the number of pairs of ribs.
What bones make up the Calvaria or skullcap?
fontanel closes at age 2
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