Intro to Drugs

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Intro to Drugs
2011-12-31 14:13:10
Intro drugs

Chapter 1. Karch
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  1. Adverse Effects
    drug effects that are not the desired therapeutic effects; may be unpleasant or even dangerous
  2. Brand Name
    name given to a drug by the pharmaceutical company that developed it; also called a trade name
  3. Chemical Name
    name that reflects the chemical structure of a drug
  4. Drugs
    chemicals that are introduced into the body to bring about some sort of change
  5. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
    federal agency responsible for the regulation and enforcement of drug evaluation and distribution policies
  6. Generic drugs
    drugs sold by their chemical name; not brand (or trade) name products
  7. Genetic engineering
    process of altering DNA, usually of bacteria, to produce a chemical to be used as a drug
  8. Orphan Drugs
    drugs that have been discovered but would not be profitable for a drug company to develop; usually drugs that would treat only a small number of people; these orphans can be adopted by drug companies to develop
  9. Over-the-Counter (OTC) drugs
    drugs that are available without a prescription for self-treatment of a variety of complaints; deemed to be safe when used as directed
  10. Pharmacology
    the study of the biological effects of chemicals
  11. Pharmacotherapeutics
    clinical pharmacology -- the branch of pharmacology that deals with drugs; chemicals that are used in medicine for the treatment, prevention, and diagnosis of disease in humans
  12. Phase I Study
    a pilot study of a potential drug done with a small number of selected, healthy human volunteers
  13. Phase II Study
    a clinical study of a proposed drug by selected physicians using actual patients who have the disorder the drug is designed to treat; patients must provide informed consent
  14. Phase III Study
    use of a proposed drug on a wide scale in the clinical setting with patients who have the disease the drug is though to treat
  15. Phase IV Study
    continual evaluation of a drug after it has been released for marketing
  16. Preclinical trials
    initial trial of a chemical thought to have therapeutic potential; uses laboratory animals, not human subjects
  17. Tetratogenic
    having adverse effects on the fetus