Orthopaedics

Card Set Information

Author:
annahecklaw
ID:
125553
Filename:
Orthopaedics
Updated:
2012-01-01 17:38:37
Tags:
Clinical conditions ortho orthopaedics osteoarthritis osteoporosis fractures
Folders:

Description:
Ortho: OA, osteoporosis, fracture
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  1. orthopaedic conditions involve......
    • injury
    • disease of bones
    • disease of joints
  2. conditins can be caused by....
    • injury
    • disease
    • osteoarthritis or osteoporosis
  3. osteoarthritis is also known as....
    degenerative joint disease
  4. osteoarthritis involves (3)....
    • deterioration of cartilage
    • formation of bony deposits
    • pain, joint edema, impaired function
  5. OA causes the most disability when located where
    knee
  6. osteoporosis is common among
    • women
    • postmenapausal due to loss of estrogen
  7. osteoporosis is caused by
    low bone density
  8. what are the most common location of fractures from a fall
    • humerus
    • wrist
    • pelvis
    • hip
  9. signs and symptoms of fracture (4)
    • localized pain
    • deformity
    • edema
    • ecchymosis 24-48 hrs later (skin discoloration)
  10. 11 types of fractures
    • closed
    • open
    • comminuted
    • displaced
    • greenstick
    • complete
    • incomplete
    • transverse
    • oblique
    • spiral
    • compression
  11. closed fracture
    skin not broken
  12. open fracture
    • compound fracture
    • thru skin
  13. comminuted
    2 or more fragments
  14. displaced
    when segments have shifted or seperated
  15. greenstick fracture
    bone breaks on only one side
  16. hip fracture is usually located where
    proximal femur
  17. colles fracture
    • wrist
    • most common
    • palms down
  18. smith fracture
    • wrist
    • palms up
  19. how long for a fracture to heal
    6-12 weeks
  20. THP
    • no adduction
    • no rotation
    • no flexon past 90°
  21. total knee percautions
    • pillow under knee when in bed
    • both feet on floor when sitting
    • wear immobilizer
    • avoid kneeling
    • avoid running, driving, jumping

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