Meteorology Group 5

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Meteorology Group 5
2012-01-02 21:27:57
Meteorology Group

weather terms
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  1. horse latitudes
    A belt of calm air and sea occurring in both the northern and southern hemispheres between the trade winds and the westerlies
  2. leeward
    On or toward the side sheltered from the wind or toward which the wind is blowing; downwind
  3. Gust
    A brief, strong rush of wind
  4. drizzle
    Light rain falling in very fine drops
  5. humidity
    A quantity representing the amount of water vapor in the atmosphere or a gas.
  6. fujita scale
    System developed by Dr. Theodore Fujita to classify tornadoes based on wind damage. Scale is from F0 for weakest to F5 for strongest...
  7. lake effect
    Lake-effect snow is produced in the winter when cold winds move across long expanses of warmer lake water, providing energy and picking...
  8. dust devil
    A small whirlwind over land, visible as a column of dust and debris.
  9. indian summer
    A period of unusually dry, warm weather occurring in late autumn.
  10. eddy
    A movement of water, counter to a main current, causing a small whirlpool.
  11. frog storm
    The first bad weather in spring after a warm period. Also known as whippoorwill
  12. inversion
    In meteorology, an inversion is a deviation from the normal change of an atmospheric property with altitude. It almost always refers to a temperature inversion, i.e., an increase in temperature with height, or to the layer (inversion layer) within which such an increase occurs.
  13. glaze
    Glaze ice is a smooth, transparent and homogenous ice coating occurring when freezing rain or drizzle hits a surface. It is similar in appearance to clear ice, which forms from supercooled water droplets.
  14. haze
    A slight obscuration of the lower atmosphere, typically caused by fine suspended particles
  15. eye
    The calm region at the center of a storm or hurricane
  16. heat index
    A quantity expressing the discomfort felt as a result of the combined effects of the temperature and humidity of the air
  17. foehn
    A hot southerly wind on the northern slopes of the Alps
  18. lifting
    Raise to a higher position or level
  19. fog
    A thick cloud of tiny water droplets suspended in the atmosphere at or near the earth's surface that obscures or restricts visibility (to a greater extent than mist; strictly, reducing visibility to below 1 km)
  20. heat lightning
    A flash or flashes of light seen near the horizon, esp. on warm evenings, believed to be the reflection of distant lightning on high clouds
  21. microburst
    A sudden, powerful, localized air current, esp. a downdraft
  22. NEXRAD
    A system of Doppler radars across the US that is used to track the location and movement of storm systems--Next-generation Radar
  23. mist
    A cloud of tiny water droplets suspended in the atmosphere at or near the earth's surface limiting visibility, but to a lesser extent than fog; strictly, with visibility remaining above 1.5 miles (1 km)
  24. nor'easter
    A cyclonic storm occurring off the east coast of North America. These winter weather events are notorious for producing heavy snow, rain, and tremendous waves that crash onto Atlantic beaches, often causing beach erosion and structural damage. ...
  25. orography
    The branch of physical geography dealing with mountains
  26. windward
    Facing the wind or on the side facing the wind
  27. zonal flow
    meteorological term meaning that the general flow pattern is west to east, or east to west, along the Earth's latitude lines
  28. wind shear
    Variation in wind velocity occurring along a direction at right angles to the wind's direction and tending to exert a turning force