NURS1930 Exam I: Fluid and Electrolytes
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What is the normal reference range for SODIUM?
What are the functions of SODIUM in the body?
- Maintenance of Concentration and Volume of ECF: Where Na+ goes, H2O follows.
- Acid-Base Balance: Combines with Chloride & Bicarb.
- Neuromuscular Conduction: Na+ imbalance effects muscles.
How much SODIUM is needed by the body per day?
How much SODIUM does 1 tsp. of salt contain?
How can blood osmolarity be estimated?
Double the sodium levels
What type of patient would exhibit hypernatremia in addition to fluid volume excess?
Kidney Failure - decreased urine output. Unable to excrete fluid and soduim with the amount of sodium intake remaining the same.
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