Medical-Surgical Nursing

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Medical-Surgical Nursing
2012-01-06 02:00:16
Vocabulary Chapter Three

Critical Thinking, Ethical Decision Making, and the Nursing Process
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  1. Assessment
    The systematic collection of data to determine the patient’s health status and any actual or potential health problems
  2. Collaborative problems
    Specific pathophysiologic manifestations that nurses monitor to detect onset or changes in status
  3. Critical Thinking
    A process of insightful thinking that utilizes multiple dimensions of one’s cognition to develop conclusions, solutions, and alternatives that are appropriate for the given situation
  4. Deontologic or formalist theory
    An ethical theory maintaining that ethical standards or principles exist independently of the ends or consequences
  5. Ethics
    The formal, systematic study of moral beliefs
  6. Evaluation
    Determination of the patient’s responses to the nursing interventions and the extent to which the outcomes have been achieved
  7. Implementation
    Actualization or carrying out of the plan of care through nursing interventions
  8. Moral dilemma
    Situation in which a clear conflict exists between two or more moral principles or competing moral claims
  9. Moral distress
    Conflict that arises within oneself when a person is aware of the correct course of action but institutional constraints stand in the way of pursuing the correct action
  10. Moral problem
    Competing moral claim or principle; one claim or principle is clearly dominant
  11. Moral uncertainty
    Conflict that arises within a person when he or she cannot accurately define what the moral situation is or what moral principles apply but has a strong feeling that something is not right
  12. Morality
    The adherence to informal personal values
  13. Nursing Diagnoses
    Actual or potential health problems that can be managed by independent nursing interventions