history midterm

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history midterm
2012-01-05 21:27:11

history midterm
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  1. how did the atlantic slave trade have an impact on African societies? list 2 societies we talked about
    it made societies get smaller, and made them turn against other societities for money.
  2. assimilation
    the colonialists had the intention of"civilizing" African societies so they would be more likeEurope.--Colonialists did not try to negotiategovernance with indigenous African rulers andgovernments.
  3. How did colonialism in Africa have an impact on its politics, people, and social structures? How is the legacy of colonialism still being felt today?
    it forced change on the ways of ruling that were already in place in africa, so it changed the way people ruled, the way people followed, it changed the rules of the african culture. it messed up the african way of life so bad that there are still traces of european life in africa, like language.
  4. what ways of ruling did the colonists use?
    • direct rule: centralized administrations, and forced the people in africa to assimilate
    • indirect rule: used the african rulers, the europeans did not have a centralized ruling system
    • settler rule: settlers made a home in the african society, and ruled from there while making a life
  5. how does things fall apart reflect how the colonization affected africa?
    it showed how the missionaries hurt societies and culture, by telling them that the africans were wrong and that themissionaries were right. it split society up and okonkwo got so angry about this he killed one of the missionaries
  6. describe and explain the emergence of at least 2 riverine civilizations
    kush and axum. tehy bothbegan on the nile and because the nile brought a fertile silt called loess crops they could grow and feed the civilization and help it develope. they then used the eccess crops to trade and were able to develope even more.
  7. How did Qin Shi Huangdi unite China? How successful was he? (Be sure to find specific actions as well as philosophical justification for his actions.)
    he defeated all of the other warring states. he unified laws, currency language. he even ordered a protection from barbarians to be built( the great wall). he was so good that after he died his beliefs and ruling system lasted for 14 years.
  8. mandate of heavan. how did it legitimize rule? how was it different from divine right? (western)
    you ahd the mandate of heavan if you had a successful and powerful civilization, if you did not have it you city would fail. it legitimized rule because the attackers would see that the city was failing and new it was fair and that it was time to take over. divine right is the god given right to take land.
  9. confucianism. basic tenets.
    good recipricol relationships.

    • Ruler/Subject
    • • Father/Son
    • • Husband/Wife
    • • Older Brother/
    • Younger Brother
    • • Friend/Friend
    • it helped societies grow and have better relationships
  10. Should leaders and actions of the past be judged by the norms of the present? Explain with a reference to at least two historical figures or realities.
    no, when ghengis kahn cinquered china he did not have the same laws as today. torture is another example because it was useful and legal a longtime ago and was widely used but now it is illegal
  11. diamonds thesis in guns germs and steel
    civilizations are more successful than others becuase they are placed better. near water, fertile land etc. or that they had better luck
  12. animism
    putting life into inamite objects, like the god of the tree
  13. ethnocentrism
    making judgements about other cultures from only your cultures point of view. example china was ethnocentric because they assumed that all other people that didnot know their language was a barbarian
  14. syncretism
    mixing(SYNCing) different religions together.
  15. pastoralism
    befriending animals and using them to make a farm, like cows etc.
  16. urbanization
    urban areas growing because of changing conditions ie. more people moving in, or more crops growing and the civilization becoming more successful and turning into a city
  17. traditional society
    one ruler and subjects, traded
  18. nomadic sedentary chain of circumstances
    nomads moving with fertile land, they use up one land and they move to the next
  19. role of geography in shaping culture/civilization
    if it was rocky crops didnt grow so the people moved.
  20. similarities between cultures
    cultures have a ruler they have beliefes, most cultures treat women mostly the same women are not as powerful as men.