social psych 3

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social psych 3
2010-03-31 01:09:50
psych vocab

chap 8
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  1. technique that attempts to increase the production of creative ideas by encouraging group members to speak freely w/ out criticizing thier own or others contributions
  2. people engaged in common activities but having minimal direct interaction
  3. theory that individualswill exert effort on a collective task to the degree that they think thier individual effors will be important, relevant, and meaningful for achieving outcomes that they value
    collective effort model
  4. loss of a person's sense of individuality and the reduction of normal constraints against deviant behavior
  5. theory holding that the presence of others will produce social facilitation effects only when those others distract from the task and create attentional conflict
    distraction conflict theory
  6. condition in which commitments to a failing course of action are increased to justify investments already made
    escalation effect
  7. theory holding that the presence of others will produce social facilitation effects only when those others are seen as potential
    evluation apprehension theory
  8. strategy for unilateral, persistant, efforts to establish trust and cooperation btwn opposing parties
    graduated and reciporcated initives in tension-reduction (GRIT)
  9. exaggeration thru group discussion of initial tendencies in the thinking of group members
    group polarization
  10. group decision-making style characterized by an excessive tendency among group members to seek concurrence
  11. negotiated resolution to a conflict in which all parties obtain outcomes that are superior to what they would have obtained from an equal division of the contested resources
    intergrative agreement
  12. proposition that the mere presence of others is sufficient to produce social facilitation effects
    mere presence theory
  13. type of dilemma in which one party must make either cooperative or competitive moves in relation to another party; typically designed in such a way that competitive moves are more beneficial to either side, but if both sides make competitive moves, they are both worse off than if they both cooperated
    prisoner's dilemmas
  14. situation in which a self-interested choice by everyone creates the worst outcome for everyone
    social dilemma
  15. process whereby the presence of others enhances performance on easy tasks but impairs performance on difficult tasks
    social facilitation
  16. group-produced reduction in individual output on easy tasks where contributions are pooled
    social loafing
  17. shared system for remembering information that enables multiple people to remember information together more efficiently than they could alone
    transactive memory