AP&T

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Author:
poppypants01
ID:
126243
Filename:
AP&T
Updated:
2012-01-06 15:23:01
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Final Review
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terms
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  1. thorac/o
    chest
  2. lapar/o
    abdomen
  3. -itis
    inflammation
  4. -osis
    abnormal condition
  5. -penia
    abnormal decrease
  6. bronch/o
    bronchus
  7. ot/o
    ear
  8. sigmoid/o
    sigmoid colon
  9. -otomy
    cut into; incision
  10. olig/o
    scanty
  11. dys-
    painful; difficult
  12. -scopy
    process of visually examining
  13. -scope
    instrument for viewing
  14. arthr/o
    joint
  15. gastr/o
    stomach
  16. colp/o
    vagina
  17. opthalm/o
    eye
  18. -ostomy
    surgically create an opening
  19. trache/o
    trachea; windpipe
  20. -uria
    condition of the urine
  21. this organ secretes bile:
    the liver
  22. finger or toe bones
    phalanges
  23. where is the bicuspid (mitral) valve within the heart?
    between the left ventricle and the left atrium
  24. what blood type is the universal recipient?
    AB
  25. what blood type is the universal donor?
    O
  26. how many lumbar vertebrae are there?
    5
  27. what do capillaries connect?
    veins to arteries
  28. what air passageway leads to the lungs?
    trachea
  29. what seperates the outer ear from the middle ear?
    tympanic membrane; eardrum
  30. the point of communication between nerve cells is:
    the physical connection between neurons is the synapse, the chemical needed for the cells to communicate is called a neurotransmitter
  31. Order of meningeal layers of the brain from innermost to outer: (PAD)
    • pia mater
    • arachnoid layer
    • dura mater
  32. example of ball and socket joints
    • hip
    • shoulder
  33. outermost part of the kidney:
    cortex
  34. where are sperm cells produced?
    • testicles
    • seminal vesicles
  35. what is the white of the eye?
    sclera
  36. what is the largest bone in the thigh?
    femur
  37. absence of breathing
    apnea
  38. this structure is a passageway for food and air:
    pharynx
  39. anatomical plane that divides a structure into upper/lower halves:
    • transverse
    • horizontal
  40. Which lymph nodes are located in the groin?
    inguinal nodes
  41. what is the largest portion of the brain that processes thoughts, judgement and memory?
    cerebrum
  42. which blood vessels carry de-oxygenated blood back to the heart?
    veins
  43. often referred to as the master gland:
    pituitary gland
  44. this hormone stimulates uterine contractions:
    oxytocin
  45. abnormally frequent discharge of partially solid or fluid fecal matter:
    diarrhea
  46. incontinence:
    invol release of urine
  47. hepatitis
    infectious, inflammatory disease of the liver
  48. how are hepatitis B and C types spread?
    contact with infected blood and bodily fluids
  49. diverticulitis
    inflammation of the diverticulum, or sac in the intestinal tract (esp in colon)
  50. enteritis
    inflammation of only the small intestine
  51. pulse:
    expansion and contraction produced by blood as it moves through an artery
  52. arthroscopy
    exam of the interior of a joint with an arthroscope
  53. bronchoscopy
    use of a bronchoscope to visualize the bronchi
  54. uses of a bronchoscope:
    • perform bronchoscopy
    • remove tissue for biopsy
    • remove foreign objects
  55. colonoscopy:
    flexible fibroscope passed thru the anus, rectum and colon to examine the upper portion of the colon

    *polyps and small growths can be removed during this procedure
  56. venogram
    x-ray/record of a vein
  57. thrombosis
    abnormal condition of clot/clotting
  58. embolism:
    obstruction of a blood vessel due to a clot or other foreign matter that gets stuck while going thru bloodstream
  59. phlebitis
    inflammation of a vein
  60. fluid portion of blood
    plasma
  61. makeup of plasma
    • 90% water
    • 10% plasma protiens, inorganic matter and wastes
  62. the adrenal glands are located:
    just above each kidney
  63. portion of the small intestine that completes the digestive process:
    duodenum
  64. cartilagenous tissue that covers the entrance to the larynx so food does not enter the lungs:
    epiglottis
  65. femoral pulse can be found in what body region?
    groin
  66. brachial pulse can be found...:
    crook of elbow
  67. pulse from dorsalis pedis artery can be found where?
    top of foot
  68. carotid pulse is found where?
    neck
  69. radial pulse is found where?
    wrist
  70. popliteal pulse is found where?
    back of knee

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