Medical Terminology Ch 13
Card Set Information
Medical Terminology Ch 13
Language of Medicine Chapter 13 Blood System
Protein in blood; maintains the proper amount of water in the blood.
Protein (immunoglobulin) produced by lymphocytes in response to bacteria, viruses, or other antigens. An antibody is specific to an antigen and inactivates it.
Substance (usually foreign) that stimulates the production of an antibody.
White blood cell containing granules that stain blue; associated with release of histamine and heparin.
Orange-yellow pigment in bile; formed by the breakdown of hemoglobin when red blood cells die.
colony-stimulating factor (CSF)
Protein that stimulates the growth and proliferation of white blood cells (granulocytes).
Change in structure and function of a cell as it matures; specialization.
Method of separating serum proteins by electrical charge.
White blood cell containing granules that stain red; associated with allergic reactions.
Red blood cell. There are about 5 million per microliter (mL) or cubic millimeter (mm
) of blood.
Hormone secreted by the kidneys that stimulates red blood cell formation.
Protein threads that form the basis of a blood clot.
Plasma protein that is converted to fibrin in the clotting process.
Plasma protein; alpha, beta, and gamma (immune) globulins are examples.
White blood cell with numerous dark-staining granules: eosinophil, neutrophil, and basophil.
Blood protein containing iron; carries oxygen in red blood cells.
Destruction or breakdown of blood (red blood cells).
Anticoagulant found in blood and tissue cells.
Response of the immune system to foreign invasion.
Protein (globulin) with antibody activity; examples are IgG, IgM, IgA, IgE, IgD.
Immun/o means protection.
White blood cell.
Mononuclear leukocyte that produces antibodies.
Monocyte that migrates from the blood to tissue spaces. As a phagocyte, it engulfs foreign material and debris.
Large platelet precursor cell found in the bone marrow.
Leukocyte with one large nucleus. It is a cell that engulfs foreign material and debris. Monocytes become macrophages as they leave the blood and enter body tissues.
Pertaining to a cell (leukocyte) with a single round nucleus; lymphocytes and monocytes are mononuclear leukocytes.
Granulocytic leukocyte formed in bone marrow. It is a phagocytic tissue-fighting cell. Also called a
Liquid portion of blood; contains water, proteins, salts, nutrients, hormones, and vitamins.
Removal of plasma from withdrawn blood by centrifuge. Collected cells are retransfused back into the donor. Fresh-frozen plasma or salt solution is used to replace withdrawn plasma.
Small blood fragment that collects at sites of injury to begin the clotting process.
Plasma protein; converted to thrombin in the clotting process.
Immature erythrocyte. A network of strands (reticulin) is seen after staining the cell with special dyes.
Antigen on red blood cells of Rh-positive (RH+) individuals. The factor was first identified in the blood of a
Plasma minus clotting proteins and cells. Clear, yellowish fluid that separates from blood when it is allowed to clot. It is formed from plasma, but does not contain protein-coagulation factors.
Unspecialized cell that gives rise to mature, specialized forms. A
hemotopoietic stem cell
is the progenitor for all different types of blood cells.
Enzyme that converts fibrinogen to fibrin during coagulation.
, the opposite of acid)
red, dawn, rosy
immature cell, embryonic
neutral (neither base nor acid)
removal, a carrying away
abnormal condition of cells (increase in cells)
pertaining to destruction
attraction for (an increase in cell numbers)
Cells have reduced
Deficiency in erythrocytes or hemoglobin.
Failure of blood cell production in the bone marrow.
Reduction in red cells due to excessive destruction.
Lack of mature erythrocytes caused by inability to absorb vitamin B
into the body.
sickle cell anemia
Hereditary condition characterized by abnormal sickle shape of erythrocytes and by hemolysis.
Inherited defect in the ability to produce hemoglobin, usually seen in persons of Mediterranean background.
Excess iron deposits throughout the body.
General increase in red blood cells (erythremia).
Excessive bleeding caused by hereditary lack of blood clotting factors (factor VIII or IX) necessary for blood clotting.
Multiple pinpoint hemorrhages and accumulation of blood under the skin.
Tiny purple or red flat spots appearing on the skin as a result of hemorrhages.
Larger blue or purplish patches on the skin (bruises).
autoimmune thrombocytopenic purpura
Condition in which a patient makes an antibody that destroys platelets.