1 Exterior Systems
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Beams should be mechanically fastened to theirsupporting members.
Most garage floors are not structural.
Bad grading will always cause wet basements.
Asphalt shingles are installed on walls the sameway as on roofs.
Asbestos cement shingles should be removed from homes.
A house with integral gutters is more prone to ice damming if it has a steep roof.
Wall cladding materials shoul be six to eight inches above grade.
Synthetic stucco (EIFS) has good drying potential.
The single-biggest problem with cantilevered decks is excess deflection or bounce.
Plywood is a good material choice for outdoor floors, such as on a porch.
An exterior inspection includes all of the following EXCEPT
c. soffits and fascia.
Which of tihe following is FALSE? Exterior cladding is intended to
a. protect the structure from water damage.
b. protect the interior from water damage.
c. provide reasonable security.
d. provide insulation.
All of the following are siding materials EXCEPT
d. concrete block.
Which of the following statements about building paper is FALSE?
a. It is also referred to as sheathing paper.
b. It protects the wall from water that gets past the siding.
c. It prevents heat loss.
d. It is vapor-permeable.
a. building paper.
Most problems with exterior cladding involve
a. heat loss.
b. vapor diffusion.
c. water penetration.
a. should be at least four inches above-roofing.
b. should be two inches above grade.
c. will wick moisture through the end grains.
d. does not hold paint well.
a. should stop one to two inches above roof surfaces.
b. should never be used in contact with masonry walls.
c. is not prone to buckling.
d. requires weep holes about every 32 inches.
Which of the following is the worst case situation?
a. The top of the foundation wall is 16 inches above grade.
b. The top of the foundation wall is three inches below grade.
c. The top of the foundation wall is at grade.
d. The top three inches of the foundation wall is covered by siding.
Raised planters should
a. only be used with masonry walls.
b. have waterproof liners.
c. be kept two inches from exterior walls.
d. have covers to prevent them filling with water during heavy rains.
Vines on exterior walls
a. are a bigger problem on wood siding than masonry.
b. help the wall keep dry.
c. help the inspector, in that their presence indicates a durable wall.
d. can always be easily removed.
Which of the following statements about masonry walls is FALSE?
a. They may or may not be load-bearing.
b. They usually require a foundation.
c. They are water-repellant.
d. They may be damaged by abrasive cleaning.
Cracks in brickwork are NOT LIKELY to occur
a. freeze/thaw action.
b. building settlement.
c. mechanical damage.
All of the following can cause mortar problems in a masonry wall EXCEPT
a. improper mortar mix.
b. that temperatures are too cold during application.
c. applying the mortar to damp bricks.
d. that mortar joints are too thin.
Weep holes in masonry walls
a. are only provided in solid masonry walls.
b. drain to the building interior.
c. require a flashing at the bottom of the wall.
d. are used instead of a vented rain screen.
You are looking at a two-story masonry building.You notice large metal plates on the front andback walls of the home about every four feet across the walls, at approximately the second story floor level. These are
a. support brackets for balconies.
b. support points for porch roofs.
c. stabilizing a bowed wall.
d. to increase structural rigidity in earthquake zones.
a. is basically cement, aggregate, and water.
b. uses gypsum as the principal binder.
c. is applied to a fiberglass mesh lath.
d. is always installed over rigid insulation.
a. is typically installed in a one-coat application.
b. is typically applied in a two-coat application over wood frame walls.
c. is typically 3/8-inch-thick over wood frame walls.
d. will often have a drip screen at the bottom.
Common stucco problems include all of the following EXCEPT
d. no paint.
An EIFS assembly may consist of all of the following EXCEPT
a. plywood sheathing.
b. foam insulation boards.
c. metal lath.
d. a 1/16-inch-thick to 1/4-inch-thick base coat.
Causes of problems with EIFS include all of the following EXCEPT
a. poor drying potential.
b. installation in warm climates.
c. lack of a drainage plane.
d. lack of building paper.
A rain screen has all of the following EXCEPT
a. building paper or housewrap.
b. an air space behind the siding.
c. an air/vapor barrier directly behind the siding.
d. a drainage space behind the siding.
Which of the following homes is most likely to have concealed damage behind the EIFS? A home
a. in the southwest United States.
b. exposed to strong winds.
c. with a four foot roof overhang.
d. with fewer-than-average windows.
All of the following are common wood siding types EXCEPT
a. flemish bond.
c. board and batten.
d. tongue and groove.
a. can only be made of cedar.
b. are typically 18 to 24 inches long.
c. can only be hand split and resawn.
d. should be butted tightly side to side to prevent leakage.
Paint may contain all of the following EXCEPT
d. fire retardants.
All of the following statements about plywood are true except one. Which statement is FALSE?
a. Plywood comes in panels up to 4 feet x10 feet.
b. Plywood is more dimensionally stable than conventional wood siding.
c. Plywood sheet siding adds little to the rigidity of a building.
d. Plywood always has an odd number of layers.
OSB siding is
a. fiber cement.
b. a type of plywood.
c. a type of waferboard.
d. a type of hardboard.
Common problems with hardboard include all of the following EXCEPT
Inner-Seal siding is
c. fiber cement board.
All of the following statements about vinyl siding are true except one. Which one is FALSE?
a. The color is on the surface only.
b. Vinyl siding cannot be easily repainted.
c. Vines should be kept off of vinyl siding.
d. Buckled or wavy siding is a commom problem.
a. is usually steel.
b. is usually painted on site.
c. does not need to be kept eight inches abovegrade.
d. is prone to thermal expansion and contraction.
Common problems with metal and vinyl siding include all of the following EXCEPT
a. buckling or waviness.
b. mechanical damage.
c. metal siding not having been grounded.
d. nails not having been driven tight.
Fiber cement siding
a. has never contained asbestos.
b. is prone to rot.
c. is brittle.
d. is combustible.
The most common problem with fiber cement siding is
a. mechanical damage.
b. poor nailing.
c. inadequate substrate.
d. improper caulking.
Clay tile siding is
Asphalt shingles used as siding
a. are different from roofing shingles.
b. should be installed with six nails per shingle.
c. do not require roofing cement.
d. will last roughly half as long as shingles on a roof.
Common problems with asphalt shingles include all of the following EXCEPT
a. missing shingles.
b. torn shingles.
c. rotted shingles.
d. loose tabs.
Common soffit and fascia problems include all of the following EXCEPT
a. bum-through due to ultraviolet light.
b. loose or missing pieces.
d. mechanical damage.
Common door and window problems include all of the following EXCEPT
c. lack of paint or stain.
d. sills that slope down and away from the window.
Common window problems include all of the following EXCEPT
a. frame deformation.
b. missing or damaged storm windows and screens.
c. cracked or broken glass.
d. single glazing.
Common problems found with trim, flashings and caulking include all of the following EXCEPT
a. missing flashings or caulking.
b. kickout flashings on roof/wall intersections.
d. rust or rot.
Typical problems with steps and landings include all of the following EXCEPT
a. rise, run, and slope.
c. cantilevered beams.
d. spalling mortar/masonry units.
A maximum rise for steps is commonly
a. 7 inches.
b. 8 inches.
c. 9 inches.
Generally speaking, guardrails are required on
a. balconies only.
b. any decks, porches, or balconies 36 inches above grade.
c. any decks, porches, or balconies 2 feet or 30 inches above grade.
d. stairs leading to any balcony.
Why is a 2 x 6 on edge considered a poor handrail?
a. A 2 x 6 may not be strong enough to support a person's weight.
b. It can be difficult to grab.
c. When wet, a 2 x 6 can become slippery.
d. The boards tend to shrink as the wood dries, leaving exposed slivers.
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